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Advanced Computing Performance
Alibaba Cloud Elastic Compute Service (ECS) provides fast memory and the latest Intel CPUs to help you to power your cloud applications and achieve faster results with low latency.
Deploy ECS instances with just a few clicks from the easy-to-use console and scale capacity up or down based on real-time demands.
Alibaba Cloud ECS provides the highest SLA commitment for both single instance and multiple instances in multiple availability zones among the top cloud providers worldwide. Alibaba Cloud gained lots of experience of running infrastructure at large scale while maintaining high availability. We are currently supporting the world's largest e-commerce platforms such as Taobao and Tmall and we work closely with scientists from DAMO Academy to accurately predict, prevent and mitigate infrastructure issues without impacting our customers.
On top of the world-class customized components from our various vendors such as Intel, Alibaba Cloud invested heavily on the Research & Development of our ECS product. Over the time, we developed X-Dragon compute platform, including the self-developed SOC, hardware acceleration card, as well as the Dragonfly lightweight hypervisor.Our Technology leadership provides a foundation for the high performance, availability, elasticity, scalability and security you enjoyed in our ECS products.
As the largest cloud provider in China and the 3rd largest cloud provider worldwide by revenue , Alibaba Cloud ECS has the scale to provide high elasticity that can meet your business needs instantly. We can provide hundreds of thousands of vCPUs in minutes for a single customer in a single region, that is because of our sophisticated smart placement algorithm, dynamic and automatic planing as well as our optimization of both hardware and software.
Scenario Based Instance Types
Various scenarios meet your requirement.
Alibaba Cloud adopts more stringent IDC standards, server access standards, and O&M standards to ensure data reliability and high availability of the cloud computing infrastructure and ECS.
Alibaba Cloud has passed a host of international information security certifications, such as ISO 27001 and MTCS, which demands strict confidentiality of user data and user information, as well as user privacy protection.
Elasticity is a key benefit of cloud computing. Alibaba Cloud provides elastic computing, storage, networking, and business architecture planning and allows you to combine your businesses as needed.
Alibaba Cloud ECS offers an industry-leading SLA, with a commitment of 99.975% availability for individual instances and a commitment of 99.995% availability for multiple zones within the same region.
Flexible Billing Methods
ECS provides multiple billing methods to cater to the cost-effectiveness requirements in different scenarios. Annual/monthly subscription, Pay-As-You-Go, Real time bidding subscription, Reserved instance. Exclusive network bandwidth billing methods are also provided to help you save more on resources.
Deploy and Grow Globally
Choose from 25 international regions with multiple availability zones in each region and manage all regions from a single global account.
Explore Solutions for Your Business
Stay flexible and reactive to the real-time needs of your business with ECSLearn More
ECS provides fast memory and the latest Intel CPUs to power your cloud applicationsLearn More
Featured Customer Success Stories
BSS adopted a cloud-first strategy for new systems such as ERP on SAP S/4 HANA. Certified Elastic Compute Service (ECS) R5 instances is applied to running high-performance databases and in-memory workloads. Overall, migration to the cloud has helped BSS to jump start digital transformation while also achieving a lower TCO.PT. Bina Sarana Sukses (BSS)
In particular, through Alibaba Cloud's core computing and storage products like Elastic Compute Service (ECS), Server Load Balancer (SLB), as well as Block Storage and Object Storage Service (OSS), Indofun has the necessary computing power to meet and even beat customer expectations, providing an easily scalable, cost-effective, and highly reliable solution.Indofun
Alibaba Cloud ECS provides low latency for powering several different applications on the cloud and also allows for easy auto scaling to meet business changes in a quick and convenient manner. Given these advantages, during volatile economic periods, Vantage FX can easily scale resource resources to meet higher trade volumes and client activity requirements.Vantage FX
The Elastic GPU Service provided by Alibaba Cloud is reliable and secure. It allows KanKan Data and Artificial Intelligence Platform to train AI models efficiently, and serve their clients from diverse sectors like government, retail, agriculture, traffic control, education and construction.Remark Holdings
ECS is where the main application is deployed. Alibaba Cloud ECS instances can be flexibly increased or decreased depending on the traffic, which adds scalability to our application.The Gate Academy
Our Alibaba Cloud infrastructure allows us to efficiently leverage Mesos deployed on ECS to carry out our app’s Docker container services. The ECS feature of Alibaba Cloud solution has given us an increased flexibility to manage and automate our application’s own Docker clusters on Mesos for our mission-critical image recognition system.ViSenze
Upgraded Support For You
1 on 1 Presale Consultation, 24/7 Technical Support, Faster Response, and More Free Tickets.
Features that meet your needs in every scenario
Flexbile Puchasing Options
ECS provides flexible purchasing models such as subscription model, pay as you go, reserved instances, as well as preemptible instances to meet your different business needs.
You can make an Autoscaling group and your ECS instances in the group can automatically scale-out or scale-in according to the metrics or triggers or your choice such as CPU utilization or network utilization.
Auto Provisioning makes it easier for you to take advantage of preemptible instances. It will automatically pick the instances across instance families, availability zones and purchasing models according to your strategy such as 'lowest cost' and utilize preemptible instances as much as possible to maintain you ECS fleet at your desired capacity.
ECS allows you to turn off hyperthreading that is beneficial to certain workloads such as HPC. ECS also allows you to shut down certain amount of vCPUs in order to save licensing costs.
Dedicated Host Clusters
ECS provides Dedicated Host Clusters (DDH) so that the physical servers are dedicated to you without other tenants on it. You can place your virtual machines onto those servers according to your needs.
Rely on Alibaba Cloud's Worldwide Data Centers
阿里雲在全球 25個地區 80 個服務區域營運，並將開設更多環球站點。
No.1Market Share in Asia Pacific
IaaS and IUS Market Share - Gartner IT Service Report 2019
25Global Data Center regions
2,800 +CDN Nodes around the Globe
Data centers and availability zones
Alibaba Cloud Marketplace includes a set of free and commercial software from global famous vendors that you can run on your ECS instances. Explore Marketplace
Public images are licensed by Alibaba Cloud, which are highly secure and stable. Public images include Windows Server system images and mainstream Linux system images. For more information, see Public image overview
What is Elastic Compute Service (ECS)?
Elastic Compute Service (ECS) is a high-performance, stable, reliable, and scalable IaaS-level service provided by Alibaba Cloud. It is more convenient and efficient compared with physical servers. You can immediately acquire ECS instances and scale computing resources on-demand. ECS provides a variety of instance types that suit various business needs and help boost business growth.
What is regions and zones?
How to create an AccessKey?
Are fees still incurred after a pay-as-you-go ECS instance is stopped automatically due to an overdue payment or is manually stopped?
When the payment for a pay-as-you-go instance becomes overdue, the instance is automatically stopped and taken out of service.
You can stop a running pay-as-you-go instance in the ECS console or by calling the StopInstance operation. When the instance is stopped, its status changes to Stopped. Billing of pay-as-you-go instances in the Stopped state depends on their network types.
• VPC: The No Fees for Stopped Instances (VPC-Connected) feature takes effect on pay-as-you-go instances in VPCs. After the feature is enabled, pay-as-you-go instances in VPCs start being billed when they are created, stop being billed when they enter the Stopped state, and resume being billed when they are started again. With the feature enabled, the vCPUs, memory, and public IP addresses of a VPC-type ECS instance in the Stopped state will not incur any additional costs, but its data disks will continue to be billed. For more information, see No fees for stopped VPC instances.
• Classic network: ECS instances in classic networks will continue to be billed, even when they are in the Stopped state.
To which types of ECS instances is the No Fees for Stopped Instances (VPC-Connected) feature applicable?
The No Fees for Stopped Instances (VPC-Connected) feature is applicable to ECS instances that meet the following requirements:
• The network type of the instances is VPC.
• The instances use the pay-as-you-go billing method.
• The instances do not use local disks.
I have set Stop Mode to No Charges After Instance Is Stopped when stopping an instance. When I start this instance again, its public IP address changes. How do I keep the IP address from changing?
When an instance enters the No Fees for Stopped Instances state, its public IP address is released. When the instance is started again, it is assigned a new public IP address.
To retain the original public IP address of the instance, you can convert the IP address to an Elastic IP Address (EIP) before you stop the instance. For more information, see Convert an ECS public IP address in a VPC to an Elastic IP Address and ConvertNatPublicIpToEip.
Notice: After the IP address is converted to an EIP, you will be charged for the EIP while the instance is in the No Fees for Stopped Instances state. For more information, see Billing method of the EIP documentation.
Why has a pay-as-you-go bill been generated for my instance? What are the fees on the bill? You can copy your instance ID and perform the following steps to view the bill details:
1.Log on to the ECS console.
2.In the top navigation bar, choose Billing > User Center.
3.In the left-side navigation pane, choose Spending Summary > Instance Spending Detail.
4.Set the search criteria.
How are enhanced SSDs billed?
Enhanced SSDs support both subscription and pay-as-you-go billing methods. For more information, visit the Pricing page.
What are enterprise-level instances? What are entry-level instances?
Enterprise-level instances are a series of instance families released by Alibaba Cloud in September 2016. Enterprise-level instances feature high performance, consistent computing power, and balanced network performance. These instances have exclusive and consistent computing, storage, and network resources, and are suitable for enterprise scenarios with high business stability requirements.
Enterprise-level instances use a CPU-bound scheduling scheme. Each vCPU is bound to a CPU hyperthread. Instances do not compete for CPU resources and provide consistent computing performance as guaranteed in the SLA.
Entry-level instances are a series of instance families that are targeted at small and medium-sized websites or individuals. Compared with enterprise-level instances that have exclusive resources, entry-level instances share resources. Therefore, entry-level instances do not provide consistent computing performance but they have a lower cost.
Entry-level instances use a CPU-unbound scheduling scheme. Each vCPU is randomly allocated to an idle CPU hyperthread. vCPUs of different instances compete for CPU resources. This results in fluctuations in computing performance when traffic loads are heavy. Entry-level instances can only guarantee availability. They cannot guarantee the performance that may be required in the SLA.
How do I check whether instances are available for purchase in a specific region or zone?
You can go to the ECS Instance Types Available for Each Region page to view the instance types available in each region.
How do I select an ECS instance that is suitable for my business?
• Determine your business requirements.
• Determine your website type.
• Determine the average number of page views per day on your website.
• Determine the size of your homepage.
• Determine the data capacity of your business.
How do I view GPU monitoring data?
What are the differences between ECS Bare Metal Instances, traditional cloud hosts (virtual machines), and traditional physical machines?
For information on the differences, see ECS Bare Metal Instance.
How do I create an SCC instance?
You can create an SCC instance in one of the following ways:
• If you only need to use RDMA, log on to the ECS console to create an SCC instance.
• If you need to use the HPC scheduler and cluster resizing service in addition to RDMA, log on to the E-HPC console. Create an SCC and then create an SCC instance.
To what resources are the preemptible instance prices applicable?
The preemptible instance prices are applicable only to instance types. Other instance resources, such as system disks, data disks, and network bandwidth, are billed at the same rates as those of pay-as-you-go instances.
How do I bid for a preemptible instance?
To create a preemptible instance, you must set the highest hourly price you are willing to pay for an instance type. If your bid is higher than or equal to the current market price, your instance is created and billed based on the current market price. For more information, see Create a preemptible instance.
How many preemptible instances can be purchased under one account?
There is a limit on the maximum number of vCPUs that can be allocated to preemptible instances for each account. When you create a preemptible instance, you can view the number of available vCPUs after you select an instance type. For more information, see Instance limits.
What is a reserved instance?
Reserved instances automatically match pay-as-you-go instances, excluding preemptible instances, in your account to provide a billing discount. Reserved instances can also be used to reserve resources for pay-as-you-go instances. A combination of reserved instances and pay-as-you-go instances provides a similar cost-effectiveness to subscription instances but with a higher degree of flexibility.
Which instance families do reserved instances support?
Reserved instances support the following instance families: sn1ne, sn2ne, se1ne, ic5, c5, g5, r5, c6, g6, r6, i2, i2g, hfc5, hfg5, and t5.
Reserved instances matching t5 burstable instances are only available at the zone level. These reserved instances cannot be merged or split, and their scopes cannot be changed.
How are reserved instances billed?
Reserved instances are billed separately and support the All Upfront, Partial Upfront, and No Upfront payment options.
The term of a reserved instance starts immediately after purchase. You are charged based on your selected payment option regardless of whether the reserved instance matches pay-as-you-go instances. The All Upfront option is the most cost-effective.
What can I do if I forget the password for remote connection?
You can reset your password for remote connection. For more information, see Connect to a Linux instance by using the Management Terminal.
How do I remotely log on to a Linux instance?
Linux instances use SSH for remote connection. You can use one of the following methods to remotely log on to a Linux instance:
• Connect to a Linux instance by using the Management Terminal.
• Connect to a Linux instance by using a password.
• Connect to a Linux instance by using an SSH key pair.
• Connect to an instance on a mobile device.
How do I apply for an ICP filing for my domain name after purchasing an ECS instance?
Can an ECS instance be used for load balancing?
ECS Linux and Windows instances can be used for load balancing. You must ensure that the configurations of ECS instances serving as Web servers meet the requirements for website code to run. Load balancing can be implemented with as few as one ECS instance under an account. However, we recommend you use two or more ECS instances for load balancing.
What security services does Alibaba Cloud provide?
Alibaba Cloud Security is powered by the robust data analysis capabilities of the Alibaba Cloud cloud computing platform to provide a comprehensive set of security services, such as security vulnerability detection, website trojan detection, host intrusion detection, and DDoS protection.
For information about more security services, see Security.
How can I view the resource quota?
For more information about how to view the limits and quotas of resources, see Limits.
What are the advantages of Aliyun Linux 2 compared with other Linux operating systems?
Aliyun Linux 2 is binary compatible with CentOS 7.6.1810 and provides differentiated operating system features.
Compared with CentOS and RHEL, Aliyun Linux 2 has the following advantages:
• Updates are released at a faster pace. Updated Linux kernels, user-mode software, and toolkits are provided.
• Aliyun Linux 2 works out of the box and requires the minimal configuration.
• Aliyun Linux 2 is optimized to work with the optimized hypervisor and maximizes performance for users.
• Aliyun Linux 2 has no runtime charges compared with RHEL and is provided with commercial support compared with CentOS.
How do I use Aliyun Linux 2 in Alibaba Cloud public cloud?
Alibaba Cloud provides an official public image for Aliyun Linux 2. You can select this image when you create an ECS instance.
Can I use a custom image across regions?
No, a custom image can be used only within a single region. For example, a custom image created from an instance in the China (Hangzhou) region cannot be used to create an ECS instance in the China (Shanghai) region.
If you want to use a custom image across regions, copy the image to the destination region. For more information, see Copy custom images.
How do I clone an ECS instance?
You can clone the environment and data of an existing ECS instance under your account to create identical ECS instances within the same region.
1. Select the ECS instance that you want to clone and create snapshots for its system disk and data disks. For more information, see Create a snapshot.
Note: To ensure data consistency, only create snapshots when the instance is in the Stopped state.
2. Use the system disk snapshot to create a custom image. In the Create Custom Image dialog box, select Add Data Disk Snapshot and click Add to add one or more data disk snapshots to the image. For more information, see Create a custom image from a snapshot.
3. Create an ECS instance by following the instructions in Create an instance by using the provided wizard. During the creation process, note the following items:
o Region: You must select the same region as that of the cloned instance.
o Image: Select Custom Image as the image type. Then, select the custom image you created in the previous step from the drop-down list.
Note: If the selected custom image contains one or more data disk snapshots, an equal number of data disks are automatically created from these snapshots. Each disk has the same size as the snapshot from which it is created. You can increase the size of a data disk but cannot decrease it.
In addition, you can use OOS to perform automatic cloning:
• In different regions for the same account, you can use the ACS-ECS-CloneInstancesAcrossRegion public template to perform cross-region cloning.
• In the same region for the same account, you can use the ACS-ECS-CloneInstancesAcrossAZ public template to perform cloning within a region.
When do I need to copy a custom image?
Custom images can only be used within the same region and cannot be used directly across regions. You can copy custom images to achieve the following goals:
• Deploy applications in ECS instances to multiple regions.
• Migrate ECS instances to other regions.
• Use custom images across regions.
You can copy a custom image from one region to another and use the custom image to create the same application environment within the destination region.
How am I charged when I copy a custom image?
You must perform the following operations to copy a custom image:
1. Copy the snapshot from which the custom image is created from the source region to the destination region.
2. Create a custom image from the snapshot copy in the destination region.
The preceding operations may incur the following fees:
• Fees for traffic between the two regions. Alibaba Cloud has not started charging for cross-region traffic yet. For the latest billing details, see the official Alibaba Cloud website for announcements.
• The copied snapshot consumes snapshot capacity. For the latest snapshot billing details, see the official Alibaba Cloud website for announcements.
How do I copy the images under my Alibaba Cloud account to other regions under other Alibaba Cloud accounts?
You must copy your own images to the destination regions and then share the images to the intended Alibaba Cloud accounts. After the images are shared, they are displayed in the shared image lists of those accounts.
Can Bring Your Own Licenses (BYOLs) be used when I import custom images?
How do I migrate data between ECS instances?
Perform the following steps to migrate data from one ECS instance to another:
1. Create a custom image from the source ECS instance.
2. Copy or share the custom image.
o If the source and destination instances are located in the same region and belong to the same account, go to the next step.
o If the source and destination instances are located in different regions but belong to the same account, copy the image to the region where the destination instance is located. For more information, see Copy custom images.
o If the source and destination instances are located in the same region but belong to different accounts, share the custom image to the account of the destination instance. For more information, see Share custom images.
o If the source and destination instances are located in different regions and belong to different accounts, copy the image to the region where the destination instance is located, and share the image to the account of the destination instance. For more information, see Copy custom images and Share custom images.
3. Use the shared image to create a new ECS instance or replace the image of the destination instance. For more information, see Create an instance by using a custom image or Change the operating system.
Note: If you want to replace the image of the destination instance, you must ensure that the original image does not contain any data disk snapshots.
If the preceding steps are not applicable, see Migrate your instance within Alibaba Cloud ECS for more information about how to migrate data between ECS instances.
How do I enable or disable the Meltdown and Spectre patches for Linux images?
For information about security vulnerabilities and public images involved as well as how to enable or disable security vulnerability patches, see How do I enable or disable the Meltdown and Spectre patches for Linux images?
For more information, see Image FAQ.
What is an enhanced SSD (ESSD)?
An enhanced SSD is an ultra-high performance disk provided by Alibaba Cloud. Enhanced SSDs use 25 GE networks and the remote direct memory access (RDMA) technology to deliver up to 1 million random IOPS with low one-way latency. For more information, see Enhanced SSD (ESSD).