This topic describes how to create an instance by using the ECS console wizard.

Prerequisites

Procedure

  1. Log on to the ECS console.
  2. In the left-side navigation pane, choose Instances & Images > Instances.
  3. On the Instances page, click Create Instance.
  4. Complete Basic Configurations as follows:
    1. Select a Billing Method: Subscription, Pay-As-You-Go, or Preemptible Instance.
      Note For information about how to create a preemptible instance, see Create a preemptible instance.
    2. Select a region and zone.

      By default, a zone is assigned randomly. You can select a zone that better meets your needs. For more information about regions and zones, see Regions and zones

      Note
    3. Select an instance type and specify the quantity of instances.

      The availability of an instance type family is determined by the selected region. For the scenarios of each instance type, see Instance type families.

      Note
      • The quota of Pay-As-You-Go or preemptible instances for your account is shown on the page.
      • To use Elastic Network Interfaces (ENIs), select an enterprise-level instance type with at least two vCPUs or an entry-level instance type with at least four vCPUs. For more information about the maximum number of ENIs that can be attached to one instance, see Instance type families.
      • To use an SSD Cloud Disk, select an I/O-optimized instance.
    4. Select an image. You can select a public image, custom image, shared image, or Marketplace image.
      Note
      • To use an SSH key pair, select a Linux image.
      • To set user-defined data, select an image as instructed in User data.
      • Public images only include the initial system environment, and more images are available in the image Marketplace.
    5. Select storage devices:
      • System Disk: mandatory. A system disk is required for installing the operating system. Specify the cloud disk category and size for the system disk:

        • Cloud disk category: The available categories are determined by the selected region.
        • Size: The default size is 40 GiB. If the selected image file is greater than 40 GiB, the size is defaulted to the image file size. The available size range varies with the selected image, as described in the following table.
          Image Available size range (GiB)
          Linux (excluding CoreOS) and FreeBSD [max{20, ImageSize}, 500]
          CoreOS [max{30, ImageSize}, 500]
          Windows [max{40, ImageSize}, 500]
      • Data Disk: optional. If you create a cloud disk as a data disk at instance creation, you must select the disk type, size, and quantity, and set whether to encrypt it. Alternatively, you can attach a Pay-As-You-Go cloud disk to the instance after instance creation. You can also create an empty data disk or create a data disk from a snapshot. Up to 16 data disks can be added.

        Note
        The data disks added here have the following features:
        • The billing method is the same as that of the instance.
        • A Subscription data disk must be released at the same time as its corresponding instance, while a Pay-As-You-Go data disk can be released separately or at the same time as the corresponding instance.
      • If you have selected an instance family that has local disks (such as i1, d1, or d1ne), the local disk information is displayed. You cannot specify the quantity or category of local disks, which are determined by the selected instance type. For information about the local disks corresponding to various instance types with local disk, see Instance type families.

  5. Click Next: Networking to finish the network and security group configuration:
    1. Select a network:
      • VPC: You must select a VPC and a VSwitch. If you do not have a VPC and a VSwitch, you can use the default ones.
      • Classic network: If you purchased the ECS instance for the first time after June 16, 2016, 12:00 (UTC + 8), you can no longer select a classic network.
    2. Configure the Network Billing Method:
      • To assign a public IP address to the instance, select Assign Public IP Address. Then, select Pay-By-Traffic as the network billing method and specify the bandwidth. For public IP addresses assigned in this way, you cannot detach them from the instance. For more information about Internet Bandwidth billing, see Billing of Internet bandwidth.
      • If your instances do not need to access the Internet or your VPC instances use an Elastic IP (EIP) address to access the Internet, you do not need to assign a public IP address. You can detach an EIP address from an instance.
    3. Select a security group. If you have not created a security group, you can use the default security group. For the rules of the default security group, see Default security group rules.
    4. Add an ENI. If your selected instance type supports ENIs, you can add one and specify a VSwitch for it.
      Note By default, the ENI is released along with the instance. You can detach it from the instance in the ECS console or by using the DetachNetworkInterface API.
  6. (Optional) Click Next: System Configurations to finish the following configuration:
    • Select and set logon credentials. You can choose Set Later or set it now. Select a credential based on the image:
      • Linux: You can select a password or SSH key pair as a logon credential.
      • Windows: You can only select a password as a logon credential.
    • Specify the instance name, which is displayed in the ECS console, and the host name, which is displayed inside the guest operating system.
    • Set the advanced options:

      • Instance RAM role: Assign a RAM role to the instance.
      • User Data: Customize the startup behaviors of an instance or pass data into an instance.
  7. (Optional) Click Next: Grouping to manage instances by group. You can add tags to instances to simplify future management.
  8. Confirm the order:
    • In the Configurations Selected area, confirm all the configurations. You can also click the edit icon to re-edit the configuration.
      • (Optional) Click Save as launch template to save your configuration as a launch template for future use. For more information, see Instance launch template.
      • (Optional) Click View Open API to acquire the API best practices about how to create instances. On the left side, API Workflow explains the related APIs and request parameter values for the current operation. On the right side, the programming language-specific samples are given for you to use. Currently, Java and Python samples are provided. For more information, see ECS API Reference Overview.
    • (Optional) If the billing method is Pay-As-You-Go, you can set the Auto Release Schedule.
    • (Optional) If the billing method is Subscription, you can set the duration and select whether to enable Auto renewal.
    • Confirm the configuration costs. The billing methods for an instance and its Internet bandwidth determine the displayed cost information, as described in the following table.
      Instance billing method Estimated fee
      Pay-As-You-Go or preemptible instance Internet traffic fee + configuration fee. The configuration fees include: the instance type (vCPU and memory), the system disk, data disks (if any), and local disks (if any).
      Subscription Internet traffic fee + configuration fee. Configuration fees include: the instance type (vCPU and memory), the system disk, data disks (if any), and local disks (if any).
    • Read and confirm you agree to the ECS Service Level Agreement.
  9. Click Create Instance.

Result

After the instance is activated, click Console to view the instance details in the console. In the Instances list of the relevant region, you can view the information of the new instance, including the instance name, the Internet IP address, and the private IP address.

What to do next