This topic describes ECS Bare Metal (EBM) Instances and the instance type families that provide EBM Instance types (specifically, high-clock speed type family ebmhfg5, compute type family ebmc4, and general-purpose type family ebmg5).

Background information

Alibaba Cloud EBM Instances use next-generation virtualization technology that supports multiple virtual cloud servers and nested virtualization while also maintaining excellent resource elasticity and a seamless user experience.

Compared with other available instance types, EBM Instances offer the following advantages:

  • Exclusive computing resources

    EBM Instances provide better performance and isolation than standard physical servers and enable exclusive computing resources without virtualization performance overheads or feature loss. EBM Instances support 8, 32, and 96 CPU cores and ultra high frequencies. For example, an EBM Instance with 8 cores supports a frequency of up to 3.7 to 4.1 GHz.

  • Chip-level security

    EBM Instances implement Intel® SGX, which allows EBM Instances to compute only encrypted data in a safe and trusted environment, providing advanced security for your data in the cloud. For more information, see Install SGX.

  • Compatible with multiple private clouds

    EBM Instances supports re-virtualization. As a result, private cloud users can seamlessly migrate to Alibaba Cloud without experiencing performance overhead issues that typically occur in standard nested virtualization methods.

  • Support for heterogeneous instruction set processors

    EBM Instances are based on proprietary virtualization 2.0 technology developed by Alibaba Cloud, which support ARM and other instruction set processors without incurring additional costs.

When you use EBM Instances, note the following:

  • The specifications of EBM Instances cannot be upgraded or downgraded.
  • If a hardware fault occurs to an EBM Instance, a failover occurs and data is stored in the cloud disks of the EBM Instance.

Comparison of EBM Instances, physical machines, and virtual machines

The following table compares EBM Instance, physical servers, and virtual servers. In this table, Y means supported, N means not supported, and N/A means not applicable.

Feature type Feature EBM Instance Physical server Virtual server
Automated O&M Delivery in minutes Y N Y
Computing Zero performance loss Y Y N
Zero feature loss Y Y N
Zero resource preemption Y Y N
Storage Compatible with ECS cloud disks Y N Y
Started from cloud disks (system disks) Y N Y
Quick resetting of the system disk Y N Y
Compatible with ECS images Y N Y
Cold migration between physical and virtual servers Y N Y
Free of OS installation Y N Y
Free of local RAID, and stronger protection of data in cloud disks Y N Y
Network Compatible with the ECS VPC networks Y N Y
Compatible with the ECS classic networks Y N Y
Free of communication bottlenecks between physical and virtual server clusters in the VPC Y N Y
Management Compatible with the existing ECS management system Y N Y
Consistent user experience on VNC and other features with that of virtual servers Y N Y
Out-of-band (OOB) network security Y N N/A

ebmhfg5, ECS Bare Metal Instance type family with high clock speed

Features

  • I/O-optimized
  • Supports SSD Cloud Disks and Ultra Disks
  • Equipped with a vCPU to memory ratio of 1:4
  • 3.7 GHz Intel Xeon E3-1240v6 (Skylake) processors, 8-core vCPU, up to 4.1 GHz Turbo Boot
  • High network performance: 2 million pps packet forwarding rate
  • Supports VPC network only
  • Provides dedicated hardware resources and physical isolation
  • Supports Intel SGX
  • Suitable for the following scenarios:
    • Workloads that require direct access to physical resources, or scenarios where binding a license to the hardware is required
    • Gaming or financial applications featuring high performance
    • High-performance Web servers
    • Enterprise-level applications, such as high-performance databases

Instance types

Instance type vCPU Memory (GiB) Local disks (GiB)* Bandwidth (Gbit/s)** Packet forwarding rate (Thousand pps)*** NIC queues**** ENIs***** Private IP address of a single ENI
ecs.ebmhfg5.2xlarge 8 32.0 N/A 6.0 2,000 8 6 8
Note For more information about ECS Bare Metal Instance, see EBM Instance overview.

See other instance type families.

ebmc4, computing ECS Bare Metal Instance type family

Features

  • I/O-optimized
  • Supports SSD Cloud Disks and Ultra Disks
  • Equipped with a vCPU to memory ratio of 1:2
  • Equipped with 2.5 GHz Intel Xeon E5-2682 v4 (Broadwell) processors, up to 2.9 GHz Turbo Boot
  • High network performance: 4 million pps packet forwarding rate
  • Supports VPC network only
  • Provides dedicated hardware resources and physical isolation
  • Suitable for the following scenarios:
    • Scenarios where a large volume of packets are received and transmitted, such as the re-transmission of telecommunication information
    • Third-party virtualization (includes but is not limited to Xen and KVM), and AnyStack (includes but is not limited to OpenStack and ZStack)
    • Containers (includes but is not limited to Docker, Clear Container, and Pouch)
    • Enterprise-level applications, such as medium and large databases
    • Video coding

Instance types

Instance type vCPU Memory (GiB) Local disks (GiB)* Bandwidth (Gbit/s)** Packet forwarding rate (Thousand pps)*** NIC queues**** ENIs***** Private IP address of a single ENI
ecs.ebmc4.8xlarge 32 64.0 N/A 10.0 4,000 8 12 10
Note For more information about ECS Bare Metal Instance, see EBM Instance overview.

See other instance type families.

ebmg5, general-purpose ECS Bare Metal Instance type family

Features

  • I/O-optimized
  • Supports SSD Cloud Disks and Ultra Disks
  • Equipped with a vCPU to memory ratio of 1:4
  • Equipped with 2.5 GHz Intel Xeon Platinum 8163 (Skylake) processors, 96-core vCPU, up to 2.7 GHz Turbo Boot
  • High network performance: 4 million pps packet forwarding rate
  • Supports VPC network only
  • Provides dedicated hardware resources and physical isolation
  • Suitable for the following scenarios:
    • Workloads that require direct access to physical resources, or scenarios where binding a license to the hardware is required
    • Third-party virtualization (includes but is not limited to Xen and KVM), and AnyStack (includes but is not limited to OpenStack and ZStack)
    • Containers (includes but is not limited to Docker, Clear Container, and Pouch)
    • Enterprise-level applications, such as medium and large databases
    • Video encoding

Instance types

Instance type vCPU Memory (GiB) Local disks (GiB)* Bandwidth (Gbit/s)** Packet forwarding rate (Thousand pps)*** NIC queues**** ENIs***** Private IP address of a single ENI
ecs.ebmg5.24xlarge 96 384.0 N/A 10.0 4,000 8 32 10
Note For more information about ECS Bare Metal Instance, see EBM Instance overview.

See other instance type families.

Billing methods

EBM Instances support Subscription and Pay-As-You-Go billing methods. For more information, see Billing method comparison.

Related document

For more information, see EBM Instance FAQ.