Python: file reading and writing

file reading and writing
<1> Write data (write)
Use write() to complete writing data to the file
demo: Create a new file and write the following code into it:

f = open('test.txt', 'w')
f.write('hello world, i am here! ' * 5)
f. close()
After running, a file test.txt will be created in the path where the file is located, and the content will be written. The running effect is as follows:
If the file does not exist, create it; if it exists, clear it first, and then write data

<2> Read data (read)
Use read(num) to read data from the file, num indicates the length of the data to be read from the file (in bytes), if no num is passed in, it means to read the data in the file all data

demo: Create a new file and write the following code into it:

f = open('test.txt', 'r')
content = # read up to 5 data

print("-"*30) # dividing line for testing

content = # Continue to read all the remaining data from the last read position

f.close() # close the file
Operating phenomenon:

world, i am here!
If you use "r" to open the file, you can omit open('test.txt')

<3> Read data (readlines)
readline can read the contents of the entire file at one time by line, and return a list, where each line is an element of the list.

f = open('test.txt', 'r')
content = f. readlines()

for temp in content:

f. close()
readline() reads a line of data

pointer positioning
The tell() method is used to display the current pointer position

f = open('test.txt')
print( # read specifies the number of bytes read
print(f.tell()) # tell() method displays the text where the current file pointer is located
f. close()
The seek(offset,whence) method is used to reset the position of the pointer.

offset: Indicates the offset
whence: Only one number in 012 can be passed in.
0 means start from the beginning of the file
1 means start from the current position
2 means start from the end of the file
f = open('test.txt','rb') # Need to specify the open mode as rb, read-only binary mode

print(f. read(3))
print(f. tell()),0) # start from the beginning of the file, skip two bytes
print(f. read()),1) # Start from the current position, skip a byte
print(f. read()),2) # Start from the end of the file, skip four bytes forward
print(f. read())

f. close()

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