Problems Facing the Internet of Things

The Internet of Things (IoT) refers to the always-growing array of devices that utilize internet connectivity. This has grown to include baby monitors, ovens and thermostats. IoT has become so ubiquitous that it’s a part of the everyday life of many people. With all the benefits it provides, there are also many challenges in IoT to consider and overcome.

Design Challenge in IoT:

Limited Battery Life

Unless a device is plugged into an outlet or wired in, it needs to run on battery power, which needs to be optimized to the greatest degree possible. Many IoT devices are portable and use a battery as a power source. The battery needs to be small enough to be still compact while still powerful enough to supply power for all the device’s functions, such as a screen and any apps it runs. It also needs to be able to run for a reasonable amount of time before needing to be recharged. Maintaining a constant internet connection in itself drains battery charge, which is another factor to consider.

Built-in Costs and Market Forces

IoT devices require components that enable their internet connectivity, whether wireless or wired. These components are subject to the fluctuating prices and potential supply chain shortage of the market, potentially adding to the costs of IoT devices and impacting their delivery and deployment times.

Implementing Security

Anything connected to a network can be hacked, and IoT devices provide a potential backdoor into a user’s home or business network. Designing robust and reliable security for the devices is essential to protect the integrity of other devices and data on the same network.

Security Challenges in IoT:

Inadequate Encryption

Encryption is a frequently used method for securing data and networks, but it’s not always utilized adequately for IoT. It’s important to remember that anything that connects to the internet has to be secured. These devices may even have hard drives where data is stored. Insufficient encryption leaves vulnerabilities open to hackers and other cybercriminals.

Lack of Tests and Updates

Some manufacturers rush to get their products to market, which results in few tests being done to ensure that their devices are customer-read and adequately protected. They also need to make an effort to roll out software and firmware updates so that products remain secure and operating at peak condition.

Weak Password Protection

Many hackers count on users not changing the default password on devices issued by the manufacturers. Updating the security settings and changing passwords to something secure and unique is essential and something that users should be encouraged to do.

Malicious Software

With every new IoT device, cybercriminals devise ways to compromise that device and use data maliciously. They can also use ransomware to lock out authorized users and continue to utilize the device and its resources for themselves. After that, they can demand payment before they will return control of the device to the owner.

Cryptocurrency and Botnet

Cryptocurrency mining, as well as app development taking place on the blockchain, is done on IoT devices. This makes them potentially vulnerable to Botnet attacks, which can cause considerable damage to mining processes and currency value.

IoT Deployment Challenges:

Connecting Devices Properly

An IoT device is only as reliable as its internet connection. Areas with poor connectivity pose a significant challenge and hamper performance, mainly when large amounts of data are being processed.

Compatibility Across Platforms

App and device design and development can’t only focus on the here and now but must also look to the future, anticipating what will be needed down the road. There is also a need to ensure that devices on different platforms can still communicate with one another.

Interpreting Data

Data always plays a role with any connected device, especially for measuring performance and other metrics. Developers should look for the best ways to monitor data from IoT devices to make meaningful extrapolations from that data.

A Dearth of Skills

As widespread as IoT is becoming, it is still an emerging technology and field. This means there isn’t a large pool of those with comprehensive knowledge of the subject. Staffing development teams with experts on the different types of IoT architecture and other areas give your company the edge in making innovative changes and advances.

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