The Significance and Impact of Green computing in IT

The goal of green computing in IT is to lessen the carbon footprint created by the information systems industry while also saving on costs. The term “green-IT (Green Computing in IT)” refers to information and communication technologies whose development or application can lessen the adverse impact of human activity on the environment. San Murugesan in the article Harnessing Green IT: Principles and Practices, describes green computing as “the study and practice of designing, manufacturing, using, and disposing of computers, servers, and associated subsystems such as printers, storage devices, monitors, communications and networking systems effectively and efficiently with minimal or no impacts on the environment”. Related to green chemistry, green computing aims to utilize fewer dangerous substances, come up with devices that use as less power as possible and encourage the recycling or biodegradability of factory waste and obsolete items. It is still being researched how to use machines as efficiently as possible, as well as how to design performance-oriented systems and algorithms for computers.

Reasons to Use Green Computing

The extensive use of computers and information technology has made our lives simpler, and as a result, their use is always expanding, resulting in higher power consumption. The number of greenhouse gases released increases with increasing power demand.

It has been noted that the majority of computer energy is frequently wasted. We contribute to this by leaving the computer on even when we are not using it. This stems from a lack of knowledge that even when the system is not in use, the CPU, fan, and screen savers still use energy. Inadequate cooling and power can also cause loss of energy. It has been observed that most data centers lack proper cooling capabilities and its one of the causes of pollution. This might be a result of flaws in manufacturing processes, packing, and component and computer disposal. Toxicology is a further impact. When making new computers and getting rid of old ones, hazardous chemicals are utilized, and these chemicals can end up in the water supply and the food chain.

Objectives of Green Computing

●To decrease the items’ energy usage.
●To utilize hazardous materials less to lessen the negative effects on the environment.
●To prolong the product’s lifespan.
●To maximize energy efficiency over the course of the product.
●To encourage the recycling of old products and manufacturing waste.

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