Threats and Challenges Often Faced by Database Security

The variety of tools, rules, and precautions created to establish and maintain database integrity, confidentiality, and availability is referred to as database security. Since confidentiality is the component that is violated in the majority of data breaches, it will be the primary topic of this article.


The following must be protected and addressed by database security:



● Database information.
● The database management program (DBMS).
● Applications related to it.
● Both the underlying hardware and the physical or virtual database server.
● A database’s accessing computer and/or network architecture.

A complex and difficult task, database security covers all facets of information security technology and procedures. Naturally, it also conflicts with the usability of databases. The database is more susceptible to security threats the easier it is to access and use; conversely, the less exposed it is to dangers, the harder it is to access and use.


Why is Database Security?


A data breach is, by definition, when the confidentiality of data in a database is not upheld. A data breach’s impact on your company’s bottom line will vary depending on a variety of outcomes or elements:



● Compromise of intellectual property: Keeping a competitive edge in your market may depend on the integrity of your intellectual property, including trade secrets, inventions, and proprietary procedures. Your ability to preserve or regain your competitive edge may be challenging or impossible if that intellectual property is stolen or compromised.
● Damage to brand reputation: If customers or partners don’t believe you can be trusted to protect their or your data, they may be reluctant to use your services and products or do business with your organization.
● Business continuity (or lack thereof): Some businesses are unable to function normally until a breach has been fixed.
● Penalties or fines for failing to comply: Failure to adhere to international regulations like the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) or Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SAO), industry-specific data privacy regulations like HIPAA, or regional data privacy regulations like Europe’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) can have disastrous financial ramifications, with fines in the most severe cases exceeding numerous million dollars per violation.

A violated company must pay for forensic and investigation efforts,  triage, crisis management, repair of the impacted systems, and other costs in addition to the expense of informing customers about the breach.


Threats in Database Security


Breaches may be caused by a variety of software setup errors, vulnerabilities, or carelessness or abuse practices. The following are some of the most typical categories or root causes of database security threats.


Internal Threats


Any one of the following three sources having special access to the database constitutes an insider threat to the database’s security:



● A malevolent insider with bad intentions.
● A careless insider who commits mistakes that leave the database open to attack.
● An infiltrator is an external party who gains access to the credentials database or uses a strategy like phishing to collect credentials.

One of the most frequent reasons for database security breaches is insider threats, which frequently arise from giving too many employees access to privileged user accounts.


Human Error


Nearly half (49%) of all documented data breaches are still attributable to errors, password sharing, weak passwords, and other careless or ignorant user actions.


Exploiting Vulnerabilities in Database Software


Hackers make their income by finding and exploiting flaws in various types of software, including database management software. Regular security updates are released by all significant commercial database software providers and open source database management tools to fix these vulnerabilities, but failing to do so can expose you to greater risk.

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