[2021 Alibaba Cloud Summit] All major technology releases on site

Get to know all the big announcements of Alibaba Cloud in one breath

Re-evolution of Feitian: One Cloud with Multiple Cores, Local Region, Computing Nest
In the speech at the main venue, Jiang Jiangwei, the head of Alibaba Cloud's basic products, announced the latest evolution direction of Feitian operating system: one cloud with multiple cores, local region, and computing nest. Jiang Jiangwei said that Feitian is the only self-developed cloud operating system in China, and Alibaba Cloud will adhere to the technical strategy of "deepening the foundation", extending from the Feitian cloud operating system to define hardware Alibaba Cloud Summit.

While Alibaba Cloud Summit improving its capabilities, Feitian provides a variety of deployment forms. First, Alibaba Cloud launched the local region service, allowing the public cloud to extend from the central region to the local region, increasing the coverage density and satisfying customers' demands for low latency and Alibaba Cloud Summit regional network coverage. The local region will be deployed in more than ten regions including Nanjing, providing more than 40 cloud products such as computing, storage, and database. At the same time, the essence of the local region is still a public cloud, with a consistent operating experience, and developers do not need to worry about the trade-off limit between latency and performance.


Second, Alibaba Cloud has launched edge cloud nodes, which can not only be used for content distribution and video-on-demand, but also more suitable for scenarios with extremely high latency requirements, such as live video broadcasts, online education, and cloud games. Based on the acceleration of the original CDN, edge cloud nodes pre-calculate the content of videos, pictures, etc., and perform nearby calculations, thereby improving user experience. Currently, Alibaba Cloud has more than 2,800 edge computing nodes around the world, with a bandwidth reserve of over 150Tbps.

Finally, Alibaba Cloud also provides a cloud box that can be deployed locally by customers. Out of the box, the public cloud can be extended and deployed to the enterprise data center or designated edge data center. Computing services for a consistent service experience.

One-stop data service for data intelligence
Born out of massive data and AI needs, Alibaba Cloud, which has experienced hundreds of battles, can provide platform-level capabilities such as data middle-end, data engine, database, and big data analysis for all walks of life. Based on these capabilities, Alibaba Cloud has launched a one-stop data service, covering the entire life cycle of data acquisition, data storage, data asset management, data analysis, and data application, providing services for key industries such as retail, government affairs, finance, medical care, and manufacturing. Full link data service. The launch of this platform enables enterprise-level users to not only enjoy safe and convenient IT resources on the cloud, but also to promote the digitization and intelligence of business through one-stop data intelligence services.

Alibaba Cloud Summit
The seventh-generation ECS cloud server is officially commercialized with a 40% increase in computing power

In February this year, Alibaba Cloud conducted an invitation test for the seventh-generation ECS cloud server family. Based on the third-generation self-developed Shenlong architecture, the overall computing power has increased by 40% compared with the previous generation. It has been optimized for the most popular containers. It can increase the deployment density by up to 6 times, and is fully equipped with security chips, making it the best cloud native carrier Alibaba Cloud Summit

Accelerate the integration of cloud nailslibaba Alibaba Cloud Summit.
The integrated capability of DingTalk has been further upgraded. DingTalk aggregates DingTalk low-code ecological products such as Yida, Tritium Cloud, and JianDaoyun. Alibaba Cloud Summit Enterprises and individual developers can purchase on demand. At the same time, Dingding will open up more underlying capabilities, improve the development experience, and strive to become the most prosperous application development platform in the industry.

In January this year, DingTalk released a low-code development platform, allowing enterprises to develop applications directly on DingTalk, and low-code applications have grown rapidly. As of March 31, 2021, the total number of DingTalk platform applications exceeded one million, nearly doubling in 3 months, of which low-code applications increased by nearly 380,000 in 3 months.

This is another unique advantage of Alibaba Cloud. Enterprises do not need to directly develop applications on traditional IT servers or cloud infrastructure, but use DingTalk to develop applications in a low-code or no-code way to accelerate innovation efficiency.

Zhang Jianfeng said that after the deep integration of DingTalk, DingTalk has become a brand-new interface for enterprises to use the cloud, and more and more enterprises' demand for the cloud and DingTalk has grown significantly. Shandong Energy, Luhua Group, Yuexiu Real Estate, Liby, Belle, Mengniu, Fosun, Carbine and other companies have also increased the use of cloud and nails.

For example, Alibaba Cloud Summit Shandong Energy started to use DingTalk Office in 2016, which combined with the underlying capabilities of the cloud, allowing the group's business systems and data to be connected to DingTalk in real time, accelerating the efficiency of application development. app.

He said that this year, Alibaba Cloud Summit. and DingTalk will cooperate more closely in the government and enterprise market, open up more capabilities, and serve more large enterprises and public institutions.

Open source PolarDB database to promote cloud-native database 2.0 ecosystem
Alibaba Cloud announced to open source cloud native database capabilities, open the source code of the relational database PolarDB for PostgreSQL to the outside world, and share the technology accumulated in Alibaba for many years to serve millions of developers. At present, the project has been released on Alibaba Cloud's official website and Github, and features such as distributed transactions and single-machine high performance will be introduced in the future.

"We hope to open up Alibaba Cloud's rich experience in database technology through standard technical components and systems to jointly build an open source database ecosystem," said Li Feifei, head of Alibaba Cloud Summit Database.

PolarDB is a database product family developed by Alibaba Cloud. It adopts the separation of storage and computing, and the integrated design of software and hardware. It not only has the low-cost advantage of distributed design, but also has centralized ease of use, which can meet the needs of large-scale application scenarios. The computing power can be extended up to more than 1000 cores, the storage capacity can be up to 100TB, the cluster version single database can be extended up to 16 nodes, and the performance is 6 times higher than MySQL. PolarDB series products have stably supported Tmall Double 11 for many years, with a processing peak of 140 million times per second.

In order to meet the diverse needs of users, PolarDB has developed different compatible versions for different database protocols, including versions compatible with MySQL, PostgreSQL and Oracle, and the distributed form of each version.

The distributed version of PolarDB for PostgreSQL that Alibaba Cloud has open sourced this time includes database kernels, related plug-ins, tool scripts, test cases, and design documents, which are suitable for the core business scenarios of medium and large enterprises. This open source follows the Apache Version 2.0 protocol, and is open sourced in a mode of full sharing and respecting the original author's copyright, and the code can be modified and republished.

Let technology really land in the industry
No matter how good the technology is, its value will only be recognized by the industry when it is truly implemented in all walks of life and achieves certain results. In the live broadcast room of the second scene of the Alibaba Cloud summit, InfoQ had the honor to discuss the characteristics and implementation scenarios of related technologies with a number of technical experts and enterprise practitioners for the first time, hoping to help readers.

On-premises Region: Extending the public cloud to on-premises
In the past ten years, Alibaba Cloud has deployed 23 central regions around the world, mainly covering regions with relatively active economies. Zhang Xiantao, researcher of Alibaba Group and head of Alibaba Cloud Summit. Intelligent Elastic Computing, told InfoQ that the local region is a new form of Feitian public cloud and an integral part of public cloud. The local Region released this time mainly covers new economic cities, or areas with great potential for digital economy, and will expand the coverage area of ​​Feitian public cloud together with the central Region to create value for customers and provide convenience. The main role is to provide local government and enterprises Provide services for digital transformation, especially provide Feitian super computing power support for data localization processing in government affairs, industrial manufacturing, transportation, medical care, retail and other industries.

Of course, in the Internet field, there are also some new application scenarios that require the support of local Regoin, such as video conferencing, autonomous driving, live interaction, cloud games, etc., all need to be connected to cloud computing nearby, and local Region can provide them with low-latency access Serve.

In addition, enterprises also need to form a hybrid cloud in the local IDC. Through the new round of local region layout, these enterprises can access the Alibaba public cloud nearby, gradually migrate to the cloud in a hybrid cloud manner, and enjoy the technical dividends brought by the public cloud.

As a practitioner, Hou Xingze, chief engineer of Dr. Peng's Cloud and Network Communication Division, said that Dr. Peng has been helping everyone to access the Internet for the first 20 years. Since last year, he has fully turned to providing services for small and medium-sized enterprises to go to the cloud, and has made some attempts in the local region. In essence, the infrastructure serves the IT architecture, and IT architects are always looking for a balance between cost and performance. Local Regions are suitable for situations where latency is required, but the requirements are not so stringent. For example, Dr. Peng recently The stadium Vlog scene that landed in second-tier cities, in this scene, users can edit the highlights and highlight moments of the user's sports in the stadium into short videos for them to download and spread on social platforms. In the previous attempts, Dr. Peng deployed a local dedicated server locally and accelerated video synthesis on it. The problem brought by this mode is that the cost is expensive, and because it is a dedicated server, it cannot be used for other applications when it is idle. Commission support, the emergence of local Region may be able to solve this problem.

Hou Xingze said that the emergence of local regions not only means that servers are deployed closer to users, but more importantly, the servers deployed by Alibaba Cloud will extend Alibaba Cloud's PaaS capabilities and ecological partners' capabilities to places closer to users. Both users and Alibaba Cloud partners can generate many new opportunities; when more and more resources that Alibaba Cloud can schedule, they can make optimal scheduling between more concentrated computing power requirements and lower costs in developed regions; As users are getting closer and closer, users can access the cloud more conveniently and quickly. The network problems that had to be solved by themselves have become the responsibility of Alibaba Cloud, which greatly reduces the complexity.

In addition to the above scenarios, Zhang Xiantao added that cloud computing is also a good choice. Wuying Cloud Computer is a new species created by Alibaba Cloud for enterprises and personal computers to migrate to the cloud. Using the super computing power and technology accumulation of cloud computing, on the one hand, the computing power of the computer can be increased to a level that cannot be achieved by ordinary computers. For example, a disk with a maximum capacity of 10PB can be used. The computer runs a task to provide support, and on the other hand, it can use the dividends of cloud computing to greatly reduce the cost of use.


Wuying cloud computer terminal family: the left and right are the Wuying A series, and the middle is the C-Key

However, unlike a server, a computer is a highly interactive product that is very sensitive to latency, and the closer it is to access, the better. For example, Alibaba Cloud's newly opened Nanjing local region, in addition to serving the computing needs of local people's livelihood, some companies have also begun to use Wuying cloud computers to fully migrate their office systems to the cloud, including desktop, R&D, OA, ERP and other systems. The ultra-low-latency interactive experience brought by the local Region.

In addition, SaaS is also an important scenario for the local region. SaaS has become a new model of software service delivery. The closer the user is to the SaaS cloud, the better the experience. All these require the support of the local region.

In the past ten years, the layout of domestic central clouds has mainly been concentrated in the vicinity of three economic triangles, and the addition of local regions will bring some changes to the industry: First, the regional penetration rate of cloud computing will increase, accelerating new economic cities. With the expansion of cloud computing to new economic cities, more companies can access the cloud and enjoy the dividends of technological change more equitably; second, the penetration rate of the industry has increased, and the digital upgrade and innovation of many traditional companies has been greatly accelerated. In the past, it was the Internet industry. Consumer cloud products account for the highest proportion. In the future, local regions will be more related to traditional industries, such as transportation, medical care, retail, industry and other local industries. With the blessing of cloud, each city may have its own urban brain, each hospital and factory. There are medical brains and industrial brains.

At the same time, Internet companies mainly use IaaS and have certain R&D and application capabilities. Traditional enterprises are more SaaS, and the cloud platform provides these customers with higher-level services, but also spawns the cloud's own transformation.

In the past, cloud computing was a deep platform in terms of technology. Now, Feitian Yiduoyun also needs to cover a wide range of regions, getting closer and closer to users, and finally realizing the inclusiveness of technology. In the future, with the increase in the diversity and complexity of customer needs, Feitian Yiduoyun will have more diverse deployment forms, and will cover a wider range of regions and industries. For example, in the future, a car, a refrigerator, and a factory may become nodes of the cloud. Alibaba Cloud will also have a series of new product deployment and operation forms to meet the diverse needs of customers and partners in terms of computing locations and operation models, extending the public cloud to a wider space. Where the customer is, the public cloud is there.

Edge cloud nodes: computing power goes to the edge
With the further decline of public cloud capabilities, enterprises increasingly need a cloud that can be deployed on demand to meet the diverse needs of different scenarios, which makes edge cloud nodes the focus of enterprises and developers. The coverage and resource scale of Alibaba Cloud edge cloud nodes are based on more than 2,800 nodes around the world accumulated in the past CDN, services on all continents, and coverage of more than 150 operators; based on Alibaba Cloud's Feitian base, after two years of operation , its stability has been verified. Chen Hong, director of the Smart Home Business Department of Wasu Media, told InfoQ that edge cloud has been widely used in Wasu Media. For example, the Yunmiao product jointly developed by Wasu Media and Alibaba Cloud uses a lot of edge cloud technology. The solution, the non-smart box in the user's home can watch more content and download more applications through the edge cloud technical solution without upgrading. The pain points of traditional radio and television boxes are mainly the high cost of the box itself and inconsistent standards. Yunmiao products intelligentize non-intelligent terminals with one click through the edge solution.

On the whole, Hao Chong, senior expert of Alibaba Cloud intelligent edge cloud, added that the typical scenarios encountered in actual operation of edge cloud mainly include: First, the computing power offloading scenario, on the edge, stateless services can be offloaded computing power. The second is the terminal streaming scene, which is similar to the landing scene of Wasu Media, and cloud games also belong to this category; the third is the edge service node, which is the main scene of the edge cloud. During the three-month experience, Chen Hong expressed his hope that this technology will be smoother in the future, including latency and real-time interaction. At the same time, more scenarios can appear in the future, such as VR, etc.
This will be more demanding on the terminal. If you can make good use of cloudification in such a scenario, all kinds of set-top boxes can use VR smoothly, which will have good effects in education, live broadcast and other scenarios, but it will have higher technical requirements and will bring to rise in costs.

In this regard, Hao Chong said that the development of Alibaba Cloud's edge cloud nodes is divided into short-term and long-term plans. In the short term, try to sink as many edge nodes as possible, for example, cooperate with Wasu Media to sink edge nodes into corresponding products. , and further use technology to evolve the application carrying capacity on the sinking resources, including optimizing the carrying capacity of the application; in the mid-term, it is mainly to work with more partners to promote the implementation of applications in different industries, to promote the industry to mature as soon as possible, or in the application of edge cloud. Feedback for business development; in the long run, it is hoped that more participants will come in in the ecology, so that the entire edge cloud ecology will be enriched, and the market that can be cooperated and positioned will be relatively complete.

Data intelligence drives industrial intelligence: how to give full play to the value of data on the cloud
According to Zeng Zhenyu, Alibaba Cloud Intelligence Researcher and General Manager of Product Solutions, Alibaba Cloud's one-stop data service itself can be understood as providing a combination of tools, and this combination basically manages the entire life cycle of data processing, from The entire link from data import, fusion, processing, and governance to applications. Among them, each link requires different products, computing frameworks, and computing types, and customers will also have different needs. Alibaba Cloud has a series of products to help accomplish these things.

In November 2018, under the guidance and support of the Nanhai District Government, GrandBlue Environment signed a cooperation agreement with Alibaba Cloud to introduce industrial data intelligence into the solid waste industry. The solid waste business group has built a cloud-based unified platform - "Grand Blue Digital Brain", which realizes the big data capability of full-link data and management, and helps Grand Blue realize digital operation and management. The "Grand Blue Digital Brain" project uploads the data of waste incineration plants scattered across the country to the cloud. Based on the cloud-side collaboration architecture, the Alibaba Cloud AICS platform provides powerful control, optimization, and prediction capabilities, which can quickly build waste The optimization of the incineration power generation process, the predictive maintenance of boiler failures, and the prediction of flue gas are applied in three intelligent scenarios, thereby significantly improving the stability of waste incineration control (up to 23%), and greatly reducing the labor intensity in some working conditions (up to 80%). ), and predicts 6 common equipment failures in advance, and optimizes the emission and environmental protection indicators more effectively.

Zhao Hao, director of the Information Management Department of the Solid Waste Business Group of GrandBlue, said that domestic waste incineration inherently requires big data and AI capabilities to optimize the current situation of complex waste composition and unstable calorific value, and to improve the high stability of waste incineration. The stability of combustion is related to the long-term operation of the equipment, the stability of steam flow, environmental protection indicators, etc. The stability of the above aspects can naturally directly generate economic benefits, bring value to the enterprise, provide better services for the society, better implement the reduction and recycling of solid waste, and create a real moat for the enterprise. .

Zeng Zhenyu told InfoQ that in the future, wherever there are business challenges and data, the two can form an organic combination. What Alibaba Cloud can do is to support business decision-making, and use intelligent methods and data methods to help achieve business goals. . In the future, more and more scenarios may emerge in the entire solid waste field, which is also a business innovation, and the ultimate manifestation of digital transformation is that more and more incremental value is created in the industry.

Cloud Nail Integrated Application Innovation: How Audio and Video Brings a Flexible and Efficient Collaborative Experience
As the main venue of the Alibaba Cloud Summit said, the cloud nail integration capability has been further upgraded, both in terms of technology and scene implementation. As we all know, mobile collaborative applications have been applied in all walks of life. With the development of mobile networks and smart phones, applications have evolved from text-based email browsing and process approval scenarios to voice and image collaboration based on real-time audio and video communication.

In this epidemic, the wide application of remote audio and video collaboration has played a very supportive role, whether it is suspension of production without production or school without school. For example, Dingding Audio and Video supported more than 120 million simultaneous voice and video calls during the epidemic, and more than 20 million meetings were held at the same time. This all reflects the transformation of the core of user work. The traditional work core is based on localized deployment. Personal documents, mailboxes, and conference systems are all single-point segmentation and independent of each other. Today's work core emphasizes online collaboration and process management, and requires cloud-based connections to connect people and tasks. Linked together, whether it is internal and external communication, training or seminars, more diversified audio and video needs have been generated.

During the epidemic, many of Logitech's video conferencing products have been applied on a large scale. Speaking of this, Chen Jinyu, general manager of Logitech's Strategic Products Division, said that in the future, mobile collaboration must exist in all places that need to be communicated, running through the entire work process of workers in the workplace. The popularity of remote office methods allows work and collaboration to appear more flexibly at home , on the road, in individual workstations in the office and in different types of meeting rooms. The DingTalk platform has opened up various scenarios of collaboration through the mobile terminal. The conference room scene provides the ultimate audio and video collaboration experience for multiple people offline and online. This extremely good experience will drive an inevitable trend.

However, the application of any emerging technologies and models needs to go through the process of concept popularization and habit formation, as is the application of remote video collaboration. Before the epidemic, remote collaboration in China was still at a relatively early stage compared to the world, but the outbreak of remote collaboration demand in 2020 and the popularization of video collaboration applications helped Chinese enterprise users begin to transform to video collaboration. When a habit is formed, this is a trend that will not be reversed. When everyone returns to offline offices and conference rooms, the efficiency improvement brought by video collaboration and the reduction of travel costs will further promote the entire enterprise to video collaboration. transformation. Users' needs for audio and video effects and intelligent collaboration experience in remote communication will further drive the needs of enterprises to deploy video collaboration solutions from personal terminals to conference rooms. Therefore, in Logitech's view, the market demand for video collaboration hardware and solutions is still huge, and more and more companies will join this digital transformation process.

As mobile office becomes an irreversible trend, the requirements for audio and video technology for such products are gradually increasing. Lin Hao, Alibaba researcher and head of Alibaba Cloud Video Cloud, said that based on the service DingTalk has nearly a million audio and video collaboration enterprise users, we found that in terms of enterprise audio and video collaboration, customers are most concerned about the following three points:

Stable and reliable basic experience
Easy to use, anytime, anywhere experience
Fully integrated, support voice and hardware device docking, connect offline and online
In response to the above three points, Alibaba Cloud Video Cloud has accumulated a lot of experience in technology and solutions:

The first is Alibaba Cloud’s global network infrastructure, which supports nearby access to audio and video. At the same time, based on the advantages of Video Cloud and DAMO Academy in audio and video encoding and decoding, it has weak network resistance, multi-terminal adaptation, and end-to-end status monitoring. have their own unique advantages;

The second is to bring audio and video into the business process based on DingTalk, based on the overall collaboration scene design before, during and after the meeting. With just a few simple steps, users can complete a complete set of collaborative links such as reservation, notification, invitation to meeting, text notes, simultaneous interpretation, PPT sharing, meeting control and even the final meeting conclusion execution follow-up;

The third is the support for offline physical audio and video collaboration scenarios. In addition to the self-developed conference hardware (F1, Alibaba Cloud Video Cloud and Logitech's B1000), it also includes the docking with Sip standard conference hardware, and the PBX voice system. We have made a complete solution for the connection of Alibaba Cloud. The audio and video of Alibaba Cloud can be directly cascaded with the standard conference MCU, and it can also realize the intercommunication with the telephone system to realize various applications such as vibration, number hiding, and personal softphone.

In addition to the technology itself, from the customer's point of view, both software and hardware are an integrated experience. Chen Jinyu said that the most basic requirements for this type of solution are clear listening, high-definition viewing, no disconnection, no freezes, simple membership, convenient operation, and the ability to expand diversified needs. The requirements for high-fidelity experience are getting higher and higher; deployment, management, and operation and maintenance must be simple and flexible, but also professional and reliable; The AI ​​voice technology realizes the small secretary of meeting records, the screen displays real-time subtitles, and the real-time translation of transnational conferences. The scenes in science fiction films before will become a reality.

Regarding customer feedback and expectations, Lin Hao talked about complete solutions for offline conference scenarios, from DingTalk intelligent conference room management system (reservation, application, preemption, allocation) to various types of video conference equipment, wireless projection, conference There are complete solutions for room access control information boards, etc.; build a conference room IOT management platform, comprehensively monitor and control the status of various equipment such as conference sound, photoelectric air conditioning, fresh air, etc., realize remote operation and management of offline conference scenes, and reduce use and maintenance costs; do It is easy to connect with offline conference equipment, from USB BYOD audio and video equipment to ecological professional audio and video equipment, which can be easily connected and interconnected; combined with professional conference ISVs and SIs in the industry, based on the actual use scenarios of customers to create professional unity The conference management and conference control system meets the customized needs of customers; based on the accumulation of DAMO Academy and Alibaba Cloud in AI, including document recording in the conference, face recognition check-in, automatic translation, image enhancement, etc., will be described in the above It is widely used in offline and offline meeting scenarios, giving users a better experience and understanding.

In addition to online video conferences, offline conference rooms are still an important scene that cannot be replaced, but conferences are no longer the traditional upload and release unilateral information transfer, but more of a space scene for interactive communication and collaboration . Chen Jinyu said that DingTalk focuses on connecting people in all scenarios to establish collaboration through DingTalk, while Logitech focuses on connecting people in different scenarios with DingTalk to have the best seeing, hearing, and interactive hardware somatosensory, soft The hardware-integrated video collaboration solution will become the standard configuration of offline conference rooms.

From a technical point of view, the coverage of offline physical meeting space is inseparable from professional equipment such as cameras, microphones, codecs, professional broadcasters, audio and video matrices, etc. It can be said that a good audio and video experience without hardware is Tree without roots. And the ability of audio and video software determines the final audio and video coding processing ability, transmission stability, adaptability of mobile terminals, and richness of business functions. Without the hardware video conference system of the software, it is difficult to realize the large-scale access of the mobile terminal and the desktop terminal and the combination of more conference services, and the overall experience of the conference becomes passive water. It can be said that hardware and software are indispensable in audio and video collaboration solutions. In order to achieve a consistent membership experience and better conference effects, a native solution that integrates software and hardware is the best choice.

In the future, there will be more and more audio and video collaboration scenarios, and online and offline will become closer and more seamless. On the one hand, from the government and state-owned enterprises, digital government and smart party building allow collaboration to go deeper into government affairs. Government meetings have gradually evolved from traditional, single-line uploads and releases based on professional physical meeting scenarios to unified online and offline multiple, multi-party, and multi-end exchanges. On the other hand, we have also seen that the emergence of cost-effective solutions for small conference rooms has also driven small and medium-sized enterprises to switch from C-side communication tools to more professional, cost-effective and better experience meeting tools. At the same time, audio and video collaboration in indoor open space, outdoor open space, personal home space, and shared office space are also scenarios for offline audio and video collaboration. covered scene.

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