This topic describes how to synchronize data between ApsaraDB RDS for SQL Server instances by using Data Transmission Service (DTS).

Prerequisites

  • The source and destination ApsaraDB RDS for SQL Server instances are created. For more information about supported database versions, see Overview of data synchronization scenarios. For more information about how to create an ApsaraDB RDS for SQL Server instance, see Create an ApsaraDB RDS for SQL Server instance.
    Notice The version of the ApsaraDB RDS for SQL Server instance can be 2012, 2014, 2016, 2017, or 2019.
  • The available storage space of the destination ApsaraDB RDS for SQL Server instance is larger than the total size of the data in the source ApsaraDB RDS for SQL Server instance.

Limits

Note By default, DTS disables FOREIGN KEY constraints for the destination database in a data synchronization task. Therefore, the cascade and delete operations of the source database are not synchronized to the destination database.
Category Description
Limits on the source database
  • The tables to synchronize must have PRIMARY KEY or UNIQUE constraints, and all fields must be unique. Otherwise, the destination database may contain duplicate data records.
  • If you select tables as the objects to synchronize and you want to edit tables (such as renaming tables or columns), up to 1,000 tables can be synchronized in a single data synchronization task. If you run a task to synchronize more than 1,000 tables, a request error occurs. In this case, we recommend that you split the tables, configure multiple tasks to synchronize the tables, or configure a task to synchronize the entire database.
  • A single data synchronization task can synchronize up to 10 databases. If you want to synchronize more than 10 databases, we recommend that you split the tables to synchronize or configure multiple tasks to synchronize the databases. Otherwise, the performance and stability of your data synchronization task may be compromised.
  • The following requirements for data logs must be met:
    • The data logging feature must be enabled. The backup mode must be set to Full, and full logical backup must be performed.
    • If you perform only incremental data synchronization, the data logs of the source database must be stored for more than 24 hours. If you perform both full data synchronization and incremental data synchronization, the data logs of the source database must be stored for at least seven days. After the full data synchronization is complete, you can set the retention period to more than 24 hours. Otherwise, DTS may fail to obtain the data logs and the task may fail. In exceptional circumstances, data inconsistency or loss may occur. Make sure that you set the retention period of data logs in accordance with the preceding requirements. Otherwise, the Service Level Agreement (SLA) of DTS does not ensure service reliability and performance.

Other limits
  • DTS does not synchronize data of the following types: CURSOR, ROWVERSION, SQL_VARIANT, HIERACHYID, and GEOMETRY.
  • If you synchronize data between different versions of databases, make sure that the database versions are compatible.
  • If you set SQL Server Incremental Synchronization Mode to Incremental Synchronization Based on Logs of Source Database in the Configure Objects and Advanced Settings step, the tables to synchronize must have clustered indexes that contain primary key columns. In addition, the table to synchronize cannot be compressed tables and cannot contain computed columns. Ignore the preceding limits in the mixed log-based parsing mode.
  • In the Incremental Synchronization Based on Logs of Source Database mode, DTS adds a heartbeat table named dts_log_heart_beat to the source database to ensure that the latency of data synchronization is accurate. In the mixed log-based parsing incremental synchronization mode, DTS creates a trigger named dts_cdc_sync_ddl, a heartbeat table named dts_sync_progress, and a storage table named dts_cdc_ddl_history by using DDL and enables Change Data Capture (CDC) for the database and some tables.
  • Before you synchronize data, evaluate the impact of data synchronization on the performance of the source and destination databases. We recommend that you synchronize data during off-peak hours. During full data synchronization, DTS uses read and write resources of the source and destination databases. This may increase the loads of the database servers.
  • During full data synchronization, concurrent INSERT operations cause fragmentation in the tables of the destination database. Therefore, after the full data synchronization is complete, the tablespace of the destination database is larger than that of the source database.
  • We recommend that you do not use gh-ost or pt-online-schema-change to perform DDL operations on source tables during data synchronization. Otherwise, data synchronization may fail.
  • During data synchronization, we recommend that you use only DTS to write data to the destination database. This prevents data inconsistency between the source and destination databases. If you use tools other than DTS to write data to the destination database, data loss may occur in the destination database when you use Data Management (DMS) to perform online DDL operations.

Billing

Synchronization type Task configuration fee
Schema synchronization and full data synchronization Free of charge.
Incremental data synchronization Charged. For more information, see Pricing.

Supported synchronization topologies

  • One-way one-to-one synchronization
  • One-way one-to-many synchronization
  • One-way cascade synchronization
  • One-way many-to-one synchronization
For more information about synchronization topologies, see Synchronization topologies.

SQL operations that can be synchronized

Operation type SQL statement
DML INSERT, UPDATE, and DELETE
Note If an UPDATE operation updates only the large fields, DTS does not synchronize the operation.
DDL
  • CREATE TABLE
    Note If a CREATE TABLE operation creates a partitioned table or a table that contains functions, DTS does not synchronize the operation.
  • ALTER TABLE

    ALTER TABLE operations include only ADD COLUMN and DROP COLUMN.

  • DROP TABLE
  • CREATE INDEX and DROP INDEX
Note For source instances in mixed log-based parsing mode, all common DDL operations can be synchronized.

Procedure

  1. Go to the Data Synchronization page of the new DTS console.
    Note You can also log on to the Data Management console. In the top navigation bar, click DTS. Then, in the left-side navigation pane, choose DTS (DTS) > Data Synchronization.
  2. In the upper-left corner of the page, select the region where the data synchronization instance resides.
    Region
  3. Click Create Task. On the page that appears, configure the source and destination databases.
    Warning After you select the source and destination instances, we recommend that you read the Limits displayed in the upper part of the page. This ensures that you create and run the data synchronization task.
    Configure the source and destination databases
    Section Parameter Description
    None Task Name

    The task name that DTS automatically generates. We recommend that you specify a descriptive name that makes it easy to identify the task. You do not need to use a unique task name.

    Source Database Database Type Select SQL Server.
    Access Method Select Cloud Instance.
    Instance Region The region where the source ApsaraDB RDS for SQL Server instance resides.
    Instance ID The ID of the source ApsaraDB RDS for SQL Server instance.
    Database Account The database account of the source ApsaraDB RDS for SQL Server instance. The account must have the owner permissions on the objects to migrate. A privileged account has the required permissions.
    Database Password

    The password of the database account.

    Destination Database Database Type Select SQL Server.
    Access Method Select Cloud Instance.
    Instance Region The region where the destination ApsaraDB RDS for SQL Server instance resides.
    Instance ID The ID of the destination ApsaraDB RDS for SQL Server cluster.
    Database Account The database account of the destination ApsaraDB RDS for SQL Server instance. The account must have the read and write permissions on the destination database.
    Database Password

    The password of the database account.

  4. In the lower part of the page, click Test Connectivity and Proceed.
    Note
    • You do not need to modify the security settings for ApsaraDB instances (such as ApsaraDB RDS for MySQL and ApsaraDB for MongoDB) and ECS-hosted databases. DTS automatically adds the CIDR blocks of DTS servers to the whitelists of ApsaraDB instances or the security group rules of ECS instances. For more information, see Add the CIDR blocks of DTS servers to the security settings of on-premises databases.
    • After data synchronization is complete, we recommend that you remove the CIDR blocks of DTS servers from the whitelists or security groups.
  5. Select the objects to migrate.
    • Basic Settings
      Parameter Description
      Task Stages

      Incremental Data Synchronization is selected by default. You must also select Schema Synchronization and Full Data Synchronization. After the precheck is complete, DTS synchronizes the historical data of selected objects from the source instance to the destination cluster. The historical data is the basis for subsequent incremental synchronization.

      Processing Mode of Conflicting Tables
      • Precheck and Report Errors: checks whether the destination database contains tables that have the same names as tables in the source database. If the source and destination databases do not contain identical table names, the precheck is passed. Otherwise, an error is returned during the precheck and the data synchronization task cannot be started.

        Note You can use the object name mapping feature to rename the tables that are migrated to the destination database. You can use this feature if the source and destination databases contain identical table names and the tables in the destination database cannot be deleted or renamed. For more information, see Map object names.
      • Ignore Errors and Proceed: skips the precheck for identical table names in the source and destination databases.
        Warning If you select Ignore Errors and Proceed, data inconsistency may occur and your business may be exposed to potential risks.
        • If the source and destination databases have the same schema, and a data record has the same primary key as an existing data record in the destination database:
          • During full data synchronization, DTS does not synchronize the data record to the destination database. The existing data record in the destination database is retained.
          • During incremental data synchronization, DTS synchronizes the data record to the destination database. The existing data record in the destination database is overwritten.
        • If the source and destination databases have different schemas, initial data synchronization may fail. In this case, only part of the columns are synchronized, or the data synchronization task fails.
      SQL Server Incremental Synchronization Mode
      • Log-based Parsing for Non-heap Tables and CDC-based Incremental Synchronization for Heap Tables:
        • Advantages:
          • Supports heap tables, tables without primary keys, compressed tables, and tables with calculated columns.
          • Provides higher stability and a variety of complete DDL statements.
        • Disadvantages:

          DTS creates the trigger dts_cdc_sync_ddl, the heartbeat table dts_sync_progress, and the DDL storage table dts_cdc_ddl_history in the source database and enables Change Data Capture (CDC) for the source database and specific tables.

      • Incremental Synchronization Based on Logs of Source Database:
        • Advantages:

          Provides no intrusion to the source database.

        • Disadvantages:

          Does not support heap tables, tables without primary keys, compressed tables, and tables with calculated columns.

      Select Objects

      Select one or more objects from the Source Objects section and click the Rightwards arrow icon to add the objects to the Selected Objects section.

      Note You can select columns, tables, or databases as objects to synchronize. If you select tables or columns as the objects to synchronize, DTS does not synchronize other objects such as views, triggers, and stored procedures to the destination database.
      Rename Databases and Tables
      • To rename an object in the destination instance, right-click the object in the Selected Objects section. For more information, see Map the name of a single object.
      • To rename multiple objects at a time in the destination instance, click Batch Edit in the upper-right corner of the Selected Objects section. For more information, see Map multiple object names at a time.
      Filter data

      You can specify WHERE conditions to filter data. For more information, see Use SQL conditions to filter data.

      Select the SQL operations to be synchronized In the Selected Objects section, right-click an object. In the dialog box that appears, select the DDL and DML operations that you want to synchronize. For more information, see SQL operations that can be synchronized.
    • Advanced SettingsAdvanced Settings
      Parameter Description
      Set Alerts
      Specifies whether to set alerts for the data synchronization task. If you select yes, DTS sends notifications to contacts if the task fails or the synchronization latency exceeds the upper limit.
      • No: does not set alerts.
      • Yes: sets alerts. In this case, you must also set the alert threshold and alert contacts.
      Capitalization of Object Names in Destination Instance

      Specifies the capitalization of database names, table names, and column names in the destination instance. By default, DTS default policy is selected. You can select other options to make sure that the capitalization of object names is consistent with that of the source or destination database. For more information,see Specify the capitalization of object names in the destination instance.

      Retry Time for Failed Connection Specify the retry time range for failed connections. Valid values: 10 to 720. Unit: minutes. Default value: 720. We recommend that you set the retry time range to more than 30 minutes. If DTS reconnects to the source and destination databases within the specified time period, DTS resumes the data synchronization task. Otherwise, the data synchronization task fails.
      Note
      • If an instance serves as the source or destination database of multiple data synchronization tasks, the value that is set later takes precedence.
      • When DTS retries a connection, you are charged for the DTS instance. We recommend that you specify the retry time based on your business needs. You can also release the DTS instance at your earliest opportunity after the source and destination instances are released.
  6. Click Next: Save Task Settings and Precheck in the lower part of the page.
    Note
    • Before you can start the data synchronization task, DTS performs a precheck. You can start the data synchronization task only after the task passes the precheck.
    • If the task fails to pass the precheck, you can click the Info icon icon next to each failed item to view details.
      • After you troubleshoot the issues based on the causes, you can run a precheck again.
      • If you do not need to troubleshoot the issues, you can ignore failed items and run a precheck again.
  7. Wait until the Success Rate becomes 100%. Then, click Next: Purchase Instance.
  8. On the Purchase Instance page, specify the billing method and specifications for the data synchronization instance. The following table describes related parameters.
    Section Parameter Description
    Parameters Billing method
    • Subscription: You pay for your subscription when you create an instance. The subscription billing method is more cost-effective than the pay-as-you-go billing method for long-term use.
    • Pay-as-you-go: A pay-as-you-go instance is billed on an hourly basis. For short-term use, we recommend that you select the pay-as-you-go billing method. If you no longer need a pay-as-you-go instance, you can release the instance to reduce costs.
    Instance Class DTS provides several instance classes that have different performance in synchronization speed. You can select an instance class based on your business scenario. For more information, see Specifications of data synchronization instances.
    Subscription Duration If you select the subscription billing method, set the subscription duration and the number of instances that you want to create. The subscription duration can be one to nine months or one to three years.
    Note This parameter is available only if you select the subscription billing method.
  9. Read and select Data Transmission Service (Pay-as-you-go) Service Terms.
  10. Click Buy and Start to start the data synchronization task. You can view the progress of the task in the task list.