This topic describes how to select an appropriate image from multiple image types and operating systems to suit your business needs. You must select an image when you create an Elastic Compute Service (ECS) instance.

When you select an image, you must consider the following factors:

Region

An image is tied to its region and can be used to create instances only within that region. For example, if you want to create an instance in the China (Beijing) region, you can use only images that belong to the China (Beijing) region. For more information about regions, see Regions and zones.

If you want to use an image that belongs to a different region, you must copy the image to your region first. For more information, see Copy custom images.

Image type

ECS images are classified into public images, custom images, shared images, community images, and Alibaba Cloud Marketplace images based on image sources. For more information, see Image types.

Image fee

You may be charged for the images that you use. For more information, see Image prices.

Operating system

When you select an operating system, you must consider the following factors:

  • Operating system architecture: 32-bit or 64-bit
    Operating system architecture Applicable memory Limit
    32-bit Up to 4 GiB memory
    • If the memory of an instance type is larger than 4 GiB, you cannot use a 32-bit operating system.
    • 32-bit Windows operating systems support a maximum of four CPU cores.
    64-bit 4 GiB or larger memory If you want to use at least 4 GiB of memory for your applications, use a 64-bit operating system.
  • Operating system type: Windows, Linux, or UNIX-like
    Operating system type Logon type Feature Scenario
    Windows Remote Desktop Connection A Windows public image is installed with a genuine activated system.
    • Applicable to programs developed based on Windows architectures, such as .NET programs.
    • Supports SQL Server and other databases (manual installation required).
    Linux and UNIX-like SSH
    • A common, stable, and secure server-side operating system.
    • An open source operating system that provides fast deployment and easy source code compilation.
    • Typically used for server applications, such as high-performance web servers, and supports common programming languages such as PHP and Python.
    • Supports MySQL and other databases (manual installation required).

    Alibaba Cloud provides a list of public images that run the Windows, Linux, or UNIX-like operating systems. For more information, see Overview.

  • Versions of Windows

    We recommend that you use a recent version of Windows. More recent versions of Windows have fewer vulnerabilities than earlier versions. IIS 7.5 provides more features and a more easy-to-use console than IIS 6.

    Read the following considerations and select suitable hardware configuration and Windows version:
    • Instance types that have only one vCPU and 1 GiB of memory do not support MySQL databases.
    • Windows instances must have at least 2 GiB of memory to build websites and deploy web environments.
    • To ensure service availability, we recommend that you select an instance type that has at least 2 GiB of memory when you use Windows Server 2012.
    • You must select an instance type that has at least 2 GiB of memory if you want to use Windows Server 2016 or Windows Server 2019. If your selected instance type has less than 2 GiB of memory, Windows Server 2016 or Windows Server 2019 may not be displayed in the public image list on the buy page.
    • Alibaba Cloud no longer provides technical support for Windows Server 2003 images. For more information, see Offline announcement of Windows Server 2003 system images.
  • Linux and UNIX-like distributions

    Alibaba Cloud Linux and UNIX-like public images contain the following distributions:

    • Alibaba Cloud Linux

      Alibaba Cloud Linux is an operating system that provides a safe, stable, and high-performance runtime environment for applications on ECS instances. Alibaba Cloud Linux 2 supports various cloud scenarios and instances of different types, excluding instances of the classic network type and non-I/O optimized instances. For more information, see Overview.

    • Red Hat series
      • CentOS
      • Red Hat
      The following table compares CentOS with Red Hat.
      Operating system Software package format Package manager Fee Feature Relationship
      CentOS .rpm yum Free of charge
      • Has stable but less frequent patch updates than Red Hat.
      • Supports online and timely updates.
      • CentOS is a free version derived from the source code of Red Hat.
      • They can use the same RPM package.
      • They can use the same commands.
      Red Hat Paid Stable with enterprise-level technical support.
    • Debian series
      • Debian
      • Ubuntu
      The following table compares Debian with Ubuntu.
      Operating system Software package format Package manager Feature Relationship
      Debian .deb aptitude Stable. Ubuntu is built on the Debian architecture and infrastructure. Ubuntu is the enhanced version of Debian.
      Ubuntu apt-get
      • User-friendly system configuration.
      • Timely software updates.
      • Easy to use and learn.
    • SUSE series
      • SUSE Linux
      • OpenSUSE
      The following table compares openSUSE with SUSE Linux.
      Operating system Feature Relationship
      OpenSUSE
      • openSUSE is the community edition of SUSE Linux. SUSE Linux Enterprise is the enterprise edition of SUSE Linux.
      • SUSE Linux Enterprise is more mature and stable, but its official distribution contains fewer software features than openSUSE.
      • openSUSE provides advanced software versions, better extensibility (desktop and server installation available), and free updates (official technical support available).
      • SUSE Linux Enterprise is more suitable for work and production environments, whereas openSUSE is more suitable for personal entertainment and other professional purposes.
      • As of version 10.2, SUSE Linux has been officially renamed openSUSE.
      • openSUSE uses the same kernel as SUSE Linux.
      SUSE Linux
    • CoreOS

      CoreOS is an open source lightweight operating system based on the Linux kernel and designed to provide infrastructure for clustered deployments. CoreOS provides automation, ease of application deployment, security, reliability, and scalability. CoreOS provides the underlying functionalities required to deploy applications inside software containers in conjunction with a set of built-in tools for service discovery and configuration sharing.

    • FreeBSD

      FreeBSD is a UNIX-like operating system for a variety of platforms that focuses on features, speed, and stability. FreeBSD provides advanced networking, performance, security, and compatibility features that are still missing in other operating systems, even some of the best commercial ones. For more information, see FreeBSD Documentation.

Built-in software

Alibaba Cloud Marketplace images are typically pre-installed with a runtime environment or software applications. You can purchase appropriate images to create ECS instances based on your actual needs. For more information, see Alibaba Cloud Marketplace images.

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