Community Blog How Beats Import RabbitMQ Logs to the Alibaba Cloud Elastic Stack for Visual Analysis

How Beats Import RabbitMQ Logs to the Alibaba Cloud Elastic Stack for Visual Analysis

This article outlines the steps to import and configure RabbitMQ logs to Alibaba Cloud Elastic stack using Alibaba CloudBeats for a prompt and effective visual analysis.

By Liu Xiaoguo, an Elastic Community Evangelist in China and edited by Lettie and Dayu

Released by ELK Geek

Introduction to RabbitMQ

RabbitMQ is a message queuing software, also known as a message broker or queue manager. Once it defines a queue, applications connect to the queue to transmit one or more messages.


A message may contain any type of information. For example, it may have information about a process or task that should be started on another application, server, or a simple text message. The queue manager stores a message until an application connects to the queue manager and pulls the message from the queue. The application then processes the message.


A message queue simply contains 'client applications' that are defined as producers and applications that are called consumers. Producers create messages and transmit them to the proxy, that is, the message queue. Consumers connect to the queue to subscribe to messages that they need to process. Applications function as a message producer as well as a consumer or both. Messages are stored in the queue until consumers retrieve them.

RabbitMQ Logs

Starting from RabbitMQ 3.7.0 released on November 29, 2017, RabbitMQ data was recorded to one log file. In the versions earlier than RabbitMQ 3.7.0, RabbitMQ has two log files. In this article, I have used RabbitMQ 3.8.2 as an example. Therefore, only one log file will be sent to Elasticsearch. If you are using a RabbitMQ version earlier than 3.7.0, see the relevant documentation for more information on how to obtain the two different log files.

In RabbitMQ 3.8.2, specify the position in Rabbitmq.conf where the RabbitMQ log file is stored. I will display the file during the RabbitMQ installation.


This article describes how to use Alibaba Cloud Beats to import specified RabbitMQ logs to the Alibaba Cloud Elastic Stack for visual analysis. Ensure that the following requirements are available before proceeding.

1) Prepare the Alibaba Cloud Elasticsearch 6.7 environment and use the created account and password to log on to Kibana.
2) Prepare the Alibaba Cloud Logstash 6.7 environment.
3) Prepare the RabbitMQ service.
4) Install Filebeat.

Install RabbitMQ

Install RabbitMQ in the Alibaba Cloud ECS environment. I will not give a detailed description of the installation process here. After installation, the RabbitMQ service will be started and enabled. To check the RabbitMQ status, run the following commands:

# cd /usr/lib/rabbitmq/bin
# rabbitmq-server start

Configure RabbitMQ

After RabbitMQ is installed, switch to /etc/rabbitmq/rabbitmq.config and configure the log level and file name. The default log level is "info". You may also set it to "error", to indicate error logs.

# vim /etc/rabbitmq/rabbitmq.config
{lager, [
  %% Log directory, taken from the RABBITMQ_LOG_BASE env variable by default.
  %% {log_root, "/var/log/rabbitmq"},
  %% All log messages go to the default "sink" configured with
  %% the `handlers` parameter. By default, it has a single
  %% lager_file_backend handler writing messages to "$nodename.log"
  %% (ie. the value of $RABBIT_LOGS).
   {handlers, [
     {lager_file_backend, [{file, "rabbit.log"},
                           {level, info},
                           {date, ""},
                           {size, 0}]}
{extra_sinks, [
     {rabbit_channel_lager_event, [{handlers, [
                                      [lager_event, info]}]}]},
     {rabbit_conection_lager_event, [{handlers, [
                                        [lager_event, error]}]}]}

After we set the configuration, the log file name is changed to "rabbit.log" and the log level is set to "info". To apply the modified configuration file, run the following command to restart rabbitmq-server:

##### Switch to the bin directory to start RabbitMQ because RabbitMQ is installed 
by using the RPM package. ###
# cd /usr/lib/rabbitmq/bin
# rabbitmq-server start

View the output rabbit.log in the /var/log/rabbitmq directory.

Install the RabbitMQ Demo Application

To use the preceding RabbitMQ settings, I will use the RabbitMQ JMS client to demonstrate how to use Filebeat to send rabbit logs collected by the client to Logstash. To compile applications, install the Java 8 environment. The following figure shows the installation procedure.

# git clone https://github.com/rabbitmq/rabbitmq-jms-client-spring-boot-trader-demo
#### Switch to the root directory where the application is located. ######
# mvn clean package
# java -jar target/rabbit-jms-boot-demo-1.2.0-SNAPSHOT.jar
 .   ____          _            __ _ _
 /\\ / ___'_ __ _ _(_)_ __  __ _ \ \ \ \
( ( )\___ | '_ | '_| | '_ \/ _` | \ \ \ \
 \\/  ___)| |_)| | | | | || (_| |  ) ) ) )
  '  |____| .__|_| |_|_| |_\__, | / / / /
 :: Spring Boot ::        (v1.5.8.RELEASE)
2020-05-11 10:16:46.089  INFO 28119 --- [           main] com.rabbitmq.jms.sample.StockQuoter      : Starting StockQuoter v1.2.0-SNAPSHOT on zl-test001 with PID 28119 (/root/rabbitmq-jms-client-spring-boot-trader-demo/target/rabbit-jms-boot-demo-1.2.0-SNAPSHOT.jar started by root in /root/rabbitmq-jms-client-spring-boot-trader-demo)
2020-05-11 10:16:46.092  INFO 28119 --- [           main] com.rabbitmq.jms.sample.StockQuoter      : No active profile set, falling back to default profiles: default
2020-05-11 10:16:46.216  INFO 28119 --- [           main] s.c.a.AnnotationConfigApplicationContext : Refreshing org.springframework.context.annotation.AnnotationConfigApplicationContext@1de0aca6: startup date [Mon May 11 10:16:46 CST 2020]; root of context hierarchy
2020-05-11 10:16:47.224  INFO 28119 --- [           main] com.rabbitmq.jms.sample.StockConsumer    : connectionFactory => RMQConnectionFactory{user='guest', password=xxxxxxxx, host='localhost', port=5672, virtualHost='/', queueBrowserReadMax=0}
2020-05-11 10:16:48.054  INFO 28119 --- [           main] o.s.j.e.a.AnnotationMBeanExporter        : Registering beans for JMX exposure on startup
2020-05-11 10:16:48.062  INFO 28119 --- [           main] o.s.c.support.DefaultLifecycleProcessor  : Starting beans in phase 0
### After the preceding configuration, enter the log directory to view RabbitMQ logs. 
# pwd
erl_crash.dump  rabbit.log              rabbit@zl-test001.log              rabbit@zl-test001_upgrade.log

rabbit.log is the file name that we configured previously.

The following sections describe how to use Alibaba Cloud Filebeat and Logstash to import these logs to Alibaba Cloud Elasticsearch.

Configure Alibaba Cloud Filebeat

1) Create a Filebeat collector in the Alibaba Cloud Beats data collection center.

2) Specify the collector name, installation version, output, and YAML configuration.


The following snapshot shows the Filebeat.input configuration.

# Each - is an input. Most options can be set at the input level, so
# you can use different inputs for various configurations.
# Below are the input specific configurations.
- type: log
  # Change to true to enable this input configuration.
  enabled: true
    log_type: rabbitmq-server
  # Paths that should be crawled and fetched. Glob based paths.
    - /var/log/rabbitmq/*log
  fields_under_root: true
  encoding: utf-8
  ignore_older: 3h

3) Select an ECS instance in the same VPC as Logstash and start the ECS instance.


After the collector takes effect, start the Filebeat service.


Configure Alibaba Cloud Logstash

The configured Beat collector sends RabbitMQ logs to port 8100 on Logstash. Then, use the basic Grok mode to configure Logstash to retrieve the timestamp, log level, and a message from the original message, send the output to Alibaba Cloud Elasticsearch and specify the index.

1) Go to the Pipeline Management page of the Logstash instance.

2) Click Create Pipeline and configure the pipeline.

The following snapshot shows the configuration file.

input {
  beats {
    port => 8100
filter {
  grok {
    match => { "message" => ["%{TIMESTAMP_ISO8601:timestamp} \[%{LOGLEVEL:log_level}\] \<%{DATA:field_misc}\> %{GREEDYDATA:message}"] }
output {
   elasticsearch {
      hosts => "es-cn-42333umei000u1zp5.elasticsearch.aliyuncs.com:9200"
      user => "elastic"
      password => "E222ic@123"
      index => "rabbitmqlog-%{+YYYY.MM.dd}"

3) Define pipeline parameters and click Save and Deploy.


4) After the successful deployment, view the index data stored on Elasticsearch, which indicates that Elasticsearch has stored the data processed by Logstash.


Use Kibana to View Log Documents

In the Alibaba Cloud Elasticsearch console, switch to the Management page in Kibana and set the Index pattern to Rabbitmlog-*.


Specify the time filter field and create the index pattern module.


Go to the Discover page, select the created index pattern module, and use the filter to filter out RabbitMQ logs.


The preceding figure shows the filtered out RabbitMQ logs.

Configure Metricbeat to Collect RabbitMQ Metrics

Also, use the Metricbeat index pattern to collect RabbitMQ data and visually monitor the metrics in Kibana.

Click Add metric data.


Click RabbitMQ metrics.


Download and install Metricbeat.


Configure Metricbeat based on the preceding instructions.

Modify the /etc/metricbeat/metricbeat.yml file to configure the Elasticsearch cluster link information.

  # Kibana Host
  # Scheme and port can be left out and will be set to the default (http and 5601)
  # In case you specify and additional path, the scheme is required: http://localhost:5601/path
  # IPv6 addresses should always be defined as: https://[2001:db8::1]:5601
   host: "https://es-cn-451233mei000u1zp5.kibana.elasticsearch.aliyuncs.com:5601"
  # Array of hosts to connect to.
  hosts: ["es-cn-4591jumei000u1zp5.elasticsearch.aliyuncs.com:9200"]
  # Enabled ilm (beta) to use index lifecycle management instead daily indices.
  #ilm.enabled: false
  # Optional protocol and basic auth credentials.
  #protocol: "https"
  username: "elastic"
  password: "12233"

Start the RabbitMQ module and the Metricbeat service.

# sudo metricbeat modules enable rabbitmq
##### Set the dashboard. #######
# sudo metricbeat setup
# sudo service metricbeat start

Restart the Metricbeat service and click Check data on the following page. If the prompt "Data successfully received from this module" appears, data has been received from the module.


Click the RabbitMQ metrics dashboard to view the monitoring dashboard.


Statement: This article is an authorized revision of the article "Beats: Use the Elastic Stack to Monitor Redis" based on the Alibaba Cloud service environment.

Source: (Page in Chinese) https://elasticstack.blog.csdn.net/


The Alibaba Cloud Elastic Stack is completely compatible with open-source Elasticsearch and has nine unique capabilities.

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