×
Community Blog Create a Social Web App with Next.js and MongoDB on Alibaba Cloud

Create a Social Web App with Next.js and MongoDB on Alibaba Cloud

This tutorial explains how to create a social web app with Next.js and MongoDB on Alibaba Cloud.

You can access the tutorial artifact, including deployment script (Terraform), related source code, sample data, and instruction guidance from this GitHub project.

Please refer to this link for more tutorials around Alibaba Cloud Database

Database Deployment Tutorials Series: https://community.alibabacloud.com/series/118

Overview

This is a Next.js and MongoDB social web application designed with simplicity for learning and real-world applicability in mind. It uses Next.js and MongoDB on the cloud.

This is the original project. We've modified and customized it to make it work Alibaba Cloud ECS and MongoDB.

Deployment Architecture:

1

Index

Step 1. Use Terraform to Provision ECS and MongoDB Databases on Alibaba Cloud

Run the Terraform script to initialize the resources. (IIn this tutorial, we use MongoDB as a backend database, so ECS and MongoDB are included in the Terraform script.*) Please specify the necessary information and region to deploy.

2

After the Terraform script execution finishes, the ECS instance information is listed below:

3

  • eip_ecs: The public EIP of the ECS for web app host

Go to the Alibaba Cloud ECS console to see the ECS instance you just created:

4

Go to the Alibaba Cloud MongoDB console to view the MongoDB instance:

5

Step 2. Install Next.js on ECS

2.1 Log into a New Instance

Copy the public IP address of the "mongodb-tech" instance you just created and log in remotely via SSH.

6

The default account name and password of the ECS instance:

Account name: root

Password: Aliyuntest123

ssh root@<ECS_EIP>

7

2.2 Install Next.js

Enter the following command to download the Node.js installation package:

wget https://labex-ali-data.oss-us-west-1.aliyuncs.com/nodejs/node-v16.9.1-linux-x64.tar.xz  

8

Enter the following command to decompress the installation package:

tar xf node-v16.9.1-linux-x64.tar.xz

9

Run the following command to move the decompressed directory to the /usr/local directory:

mv node-v16.9.1-linux-x64 /usr/local/node

10

Run the vim /etc/profile command to open the environment variable configuration file. Append the following content to the end of the file:

export NODE_HOME=/usr/local/node
export PATH=$PATH:$NODE_HOME/bin

11

Run the following command to make the modification take effect:

source /etc/profile

12

Run the following commands. You can see the corresponding service version, which indicates the installation is completed:

node -v

npm -v

13

Step 3. Deploy and Run the Web App

Enter the following command to install the Git tool:

apt update && apt -y install git

14

Enter the following command to create a projects directory and enter:

mkdir projects && cd projects

15

Enter the following command to download the sample project:

git clone https://github.com/hoangvvo/nextjs-mongodb-app 

ls

16

Enter the following command to enter the sample project directory:

cd nextjs-mongodb-app

17

Enter the following command to install the Next.js framework dependency package:

npm install next react react-dom

18

Enter the following command to copy an ".env" configuration file first:

cp .env.example .env

19

Enter the command: vim .env, open the ".env" configuration file, and modify the connection address of MongoDB referring to the figure below:

20

The connection method to obtain MongoDB is shown in the figure below. Please pay attention and replace "**" with the password "Aliyuntest123":

21

Enter the following command to start the project:

npm run dev

22

Visit the public IP address of the current ECS in the browser, and the project is installed successfully.

23

Users can register their accounts to post messages.

24

Usually, we need to run the Node.js app as a daemon process. Now, install pm2 to start or manage the lifecycle of the Node.js web app.

First, enter Ctrl + C to stop the web app process started by executing npm run dev beforehand. Then, execute the following commands to install pm2 and start the web app via pm2.

npm i -g pm2
npm run build
pm2 start npm -- run start

25

Then, visit the public IP address of the current ECS with port 3000 again in the browser, and the project is started by pm2 successfully.

Step 4. Install Mongoku on ECS to Manage Data on MongoDB

Execute the following commands to install the open-source MongoDB Web Admin tool Mongoku on ECS to manage data on MongoDB.

cd ~
npm install -g mongoku
mongoku start --pm2

26

Then, open http://<ECS_EIP>:3100/ again in the web browser to visit the Mongoku Web Admin. Mongoku uses the 3100 port for web apps by default. I've already set this in the security group rule within the Terraform script.

Now, we can add the MongoDB connection URI here as the server to navigate and manage the data for this social web app via Mongoku. Please enjoy.

27
28

0 0 0
Share on

ApsaraDB

152 posts | 12 followers

You may also like

Comments