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Forrester, an international authoritative research institute, recently released the report, "The Forrester Wave: Public Cloud Development and Infrastructure Platform in China, Q4 2020". The report evaluated major providers of public cloud services in China from the three dimensions of strategies, products, and market landscape, focusing on developer experience, development services, and operations at the infrastructure layer. Alibaba Cloud received full marks in the evaluation of container services, serverless computing, and microservices. Moreover, Alibaba Cloud got the highest comprehensive score in nine evaluation items of application development services, ranking at the top in the cloud-native field.
According to Forrester's report, Alibaba Cloud is a leading platform for enterprises' software development and operations. As the first company that enters the public cloud market in China, Alibaba Cloud has extensive experience in helping Chinese enterprises meet their development and operation requirements. Alibaba Cloud provides a wide range of services and is widely used to develop container services, microservices, and serverless computing. Alibaba Cloud also provides multiple vertical solutions for various industries such as retail, finance, manufacturing, and government agencies. For enterprises that require digital transformation, Alibaba Cloud is an ideal choice.
In the report, Forrester said that as more and more Chinese developers use public cloud to develop applications, they have helped to transform an old application architecture to a modern one. Leading cloud service providers are committed to creating comprehensive development experiences and innovative application practices. These factors reflect the core competitiveness of cloud service providers. In the evaluation of application development capability, Alibaba Cloud got the highest score in container services, microservices, and serverless computing. In addition, Alibaba Cloud got the highest comprehensive score of nine evaluation items among all cloud service providers in China.
Over the past few years, container services have become increasingly accepted by enterprises. Alibaba Cloud provides the most various container products in the industry. Its container services have been growing by more than 400% in consecutive years. During the Double 11 in 2019, Alibaba's core systems were migrated to the cloud for the first time. During the Double 11 in 2020, Alibaba's core systems were fully cloud-native, with 80% of its core business being deployed on Container Service for Kubernetes (ACK). ACK can scale up millions of containers within an hour, which helps deliver 58.3 million transactions per second at business peak.
Currently, ACK is available in 21 public cloud zones in China and overseas. ACK also allows customers to deploy Kubernetes in their own data centers and edge side. Based on ECS bare metal instances, ACK provides excellent performance, efficient scheduling, and comprehensive security. Alibaba Cloud also provides a variety of differentiated products, such as Alibaba Cloud Service Mesh (ASM) compatible with Istio, Serverless Kubernetes (ASK) based on Elastic Container Instance (ECI), exclusive Container Registry (ACR) that provides image scanning, secure sandbox container runtime based on lightweight virtual machine technology, edge computing container service (ACK@Edge), and Alibaba Cloud Genomics Service (AGS). At the end of September, Alibaba Cloud took the lead in passing the container performance test of the China Academy for Information and Communications Technology (CAICT) and obtained the highest-level certification: "excellence." Alibaba Cloud can provide 1 million pods and 10,000 nodes in a single cluster and has built the largest container cluster in China. In Forrester's evaluation of public cloud container services, Alibaba Cloud ranked first in China as a strong performer.
In addition to continuous optimization for the cloud-native experience, Alibaba's cloud-native team is also developing solutions for a wide range of scenarios, helping enterprises reduce costs by leveraging new technologies. With Apsara DevOps, the cloud-native team built an all-in-one cloud-native DevOps solution for general Kubernetes scenarios, microservices based on Spring Cloud or Dubbo, and lightweight function computing. This helps more enterprises to start cloud-based R&D.
In the Forrester report, Alibaba Cloud received the highest score in the container evaluation and showed eye-catching performance in serverless computing and microservices. Alibaba Cloud is the only cloud service provider in China with the highest score. Alibaba Cloud provides the most complete serverless product matrix among all cloud service providers, including function compute, serverless application engine (SAE), ASK for container orchestration, and ECI for container instances. At the same time, Alibaba Cloud is continuously optimizing the user experience of serverless products, including the full integration of function compute into the container ecosystem and the addition of container image triggers. Alibaba Cloud open sources Serverless Devs, China's first serverless developer platform, to provide the toolchain for developers. SAE provides flexible policy configuration in the QPS/RT dimension, adds enterprise-level features such as current limiting and downgrading, and strengthens application lifecycle management. EventBridge, a serverless event bus, is released. The standardized CloudEvent 1.0 protocol helps users easily build a loosely coupled and distributed event-driven architecture.
On October 23, Alibaba officially open sourced its first Serverless developer platform, Serverless Devs, which is also the first platform in the industry that supports the full lifecycle management of cloud-native products based on mainstream serverless services and frameworks. Serverless Devs includes Serverless Devs Tool and Serverless Devs App Store. This helps developers to experience multi-cloud products with ease and rapid deployment of serverless projects.
Alibaba Cloud has made efforts to develop serverless computing and accumulated most serverless computing users in China. In a recent research report on serverless computing released by Cloud Native Computing Foundation (CNCF), Alibaba Cloud's function compute topped the list with 46% of serverless computing users. According to the report, many Chinese developers are migrating from traditional architectures to serverless architectures. This figure is also recorded in the first survey report on China's cloud-native users released by CAICT. The report shows that, in China, the user scale of Alibaba Cloud's serverless computing accounts for 66% of all users, more than other cloud service providers combined.
As an R&D base, serverless computing is accepted by more enterprises and applied in business practices. In addition to the early "taste" of internet enterprises, traditional enterprises are also exploring the large-scale use of serverless computing. Take Century Lianhua for example. During the Double 11 in 2019, function compute helped Century Lianhua survive the shopping festival. This year, Century Lianhua migrated its entire business to function compute 2.0, dealing with the transaction that is 230% more than that of last year. In addition, function compute improved the delivery efficiency of R&D by more than 30% and reduced the cost of elastic resources by more than 40%. Today, the entire Alibaba economy is practicing serverless computing, including Taobao, Tmall, Alipay, DingTalk, Fliggy, Idle Fish, and Yuque. The application scenarios of serverless computing are extended to frontend full-stack, mini programs, microservices, new retail, and games.
Alibaba has deep accumulation in microservice systems and has performed a lot of work in open source projects. Through some open source projects such as Dubbo and Nacos, and commercial products such as Enterprise Distributed Application Service (EDAS) and Microservice Engine (MSE), the experience and practices in Alibaba microservice system are exported to external users. In addition, Alibaba is also integrating microservice systems and open source technologies with the cloud so that customers who use cloud can easily and directly use open source products. In addition, Alibaba Cloud is also promoting the evolution of microservice systems to the next generation, especially in the cloud-native field. Alibaba Cloud is vigorously promoting the integration of microservice systems and Service Mesh to achieve better compatibility and interoperability, which improves the activity and maturity of the entire Service Mesh ecosystem.
In this year's Double 11, Alibaba implemented the world's most extensive cloud-native practice, which once again confirms the great value of cloud-native for enterprises and society. Cloud-native technologies based on containers, microservices, and serverless computing will transform core enterprise architectures into Internet-based, help enterprise IT infrastructure be more flexible and autonomous, and improve business agility. This will help enterprises flexibly deal with uncertainties in the business world. Cloud-native technologies will promote the collaboration of applications on the cloud, edge, and devices, and build dynamic, large-scale, and borderless cloud application architectures.
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