Before you use Server Migration Center (SMC) to perform migration, you must create an Alibaba Cloud account, add funds to the account, and complete the real-name verification.

Procedure

Before you start a migration task, perform the following steps:
  1. On the Alibaba Cloud official website, create an Alibaba Cloud account.
  2. Add a credit card or PayPal account to your Alibaba Cloud account.

    For more information, see Add a payment method.

  3. Before you migrate servers to mainland China, complete the real-name verification.
    Use one of the following verification methods:
  4. Make sure that Resource Access Management (RAM) is activated and SMC is authorized to access your cloud resources.
    Use one of the following methods to authorize SMC:
    • Method 1: Log on to the RAM console, and click Confirm Authorization Policy to complete authorization.
    • Method 2: Log on to the SMC console. You are prompted to authorize a RAM user.

    RAM user authorization: Use your Alibaba Cloud account to log on to the RAM console, and grant full access permissions on SMC to your RAM user.

  5. Create and obtain the AccessKey pair of your Alibaba Cloud account or RAM user. For more information, see Create an AccessKey.
    Notice AccessKey pairs are credentials that you can use to access Alibaba Cloud API resources, and must be kept strictly confidential. We recommend that you use a RAM user to create a temporary AccessKey pair. Then, you must disable the AccessKey pair after the migration is complete. This prevents your AccessKey pair from being leaked or misused.
  6. Make sure that the snapshot service is activated. For more information, see Activate ECS Snapshot.

Precautions

Before you use SMC to perform migration, note the following information:
  • Do not perform operations on the intermediate instance.

    To run a migration task, SMC creates a temporary intermediate instance named No_Delete_SMC_Transition_Instance under your Alibaba Cloud account. For more information, see What are the specifications available for intermediate instances? Do not stop, restart, or release the intermediate instance during the migration process. Otherwise, the migration task fails. After the migration is complete, the intermediate instance is released.

  • By default, the following data directories are migrated:
    • For Windows servers: Only data on the C drive (including shared directories that are attached to the C drive) is migrated as a partition of the system disk. If you need to migrate the data on other partitions such as the D drive, you must select and configure the data disk when you create a migration task. For more information, see Migration task parameters.
    • For Linux servers: Data in all subdirectories (including shared subdirectories) in the root directory (/) is migrated as a partition of the system disk. If you need to migrate the data in other directories such as /disk1, you must select and configure the data disk when you create a migration task. For more information, see Migration task parameters. If you do not need to migrate the data of multiple directories, see (Optional) Exclude files or directories from migration.