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ApsaraDB RDS:Use the cross-region backup feature

Last Updated:May 11, 2024

This topic describes how to use the cross-region backup feature for an ApsaraDB RDS for MySQL instance. After you enable the feature, the backup files of the RDS instance are automatically replicated from the source region to the destination region. You can use this feature for regulatory compliance and disaster recovery.

Note

Differences between the cross-region backup feature and the default backup feature

Item

Cross-region backup

Default backup

Default configuration

By default, this feature is disabled. If you want to use the cross-region backup feature, you must manually enable the feature.

By default, the feature is enabled.

Backup storage

Backup files are stored in a region that is different from the region of the RDS instance.

Backup files are stored in the region in which the RDS instance resides.

Restoration

Data can be restored to one of the following RDS instances:

  • Original RDS instance

  • New RDS instance in the destination region

  • Existing RDS instance

Note

If your RDS instance uses cloud disks, you can restore the data only to a new RDS instance in the destination region.

Data can be restored to one of the following RDS instances:

  • New RDS instance that resides in the same region as the original RDS instance

  • Original RDS instance

Retention period

If an RDS instance is released, the backup files are still retained based on the cross-region backup retention period that you specify.

By default, the backup files of an RDS instance are retained for seven days after the RDS instance is released.

Procedure

RDS instances that use cloud disks

Prerequisites

  • The RDS instance meets the following requirements:

    • The RDS instance runs MySQL 5.7 or MySQL 8.0.

    • The RDS instance runs RDS Basic Edition, RDS High-availability Edition, or RDS Cluster Edition.

    • The RDS instance uses cloud disks. Serverless RDS instances are not supported.

    Note

    You can go to the Basic Information page of your RDS instance to obtain the preceding information.

  • The AliyunServiceRoleForDBS service-linked role is created by using your Alibaba Cloud account if you use the backup feature of ApsaraDB RDS for the first time. For more information, see How do I create a service-linked role for DBS?

  • If your RDS instance uses enhanced SSDs (ESSDs) and the cloud disk encryption feature is enabled for the RDS instance, the cross-region backup feature is not supported. For more information about how to check whether the cloud disk encryption feature is enabled for an RDS instance that uses cloud disks, see Use the cloud disk encryption feature.

Billing rules

The following table describes the fees that are generated if you perform cross-region backups on an RDS instance that uses cloud disks in the ApsaraDB RDS console.

Item

Region

Unit price (USD per GB-day)

Cross-region storage fee

China (Beijing), China (Hohhot), China (Ulanqab), China (Hangzhou), China (Shanghai), China (Shenzhen), China (Heyuan), China (Chengdu), China (Qingdao), China (Guangzhou), and China (Zhangjiakou)

0.0009375

China (Hong Kong), US (Silicon Valley), US (Virginia), Singapore, Japan (Tokyo), Germany (Frankfurt), Australia (Sydney), Malaysia (Kuala Lumpur), Indonesia (Jakarta), India (Mumbai), Philippines (Manila), UK (London), South Korea (Seoul), and Thailand (Bangkok)

0.001125

Network traffic fee

For more information about the billing rules for each region, see Network traffic fees.

Note
  • You can use Database Backup (DBS) storage plans to offset the fee generated for the cross-region backup storage when you perform cross-region backups on your RDS instance that uses cloud disks in the ApsaraDB RDS console. For more information, see Storage fees.

  • If your RDS instance contains a large amount of data, we recommend that you use DBS network plans to offset the network traffic fees. For more information, see Use network plans.

Usage notes

If you want to enable the cross-region backup feature for an RDS instance in the ApsaraDB RDS console, take note of the following items:

  • The cross-region backup feature allows you to restore the data of your RDS instance only to a region that is different from the region of the RDS instance.

  • Cross-region backups do not affect automatic backups. These types of backups can exist at the same time.

  • After a default backup is complete, a cross-region backup is triggered. During the cross-region backup process, the system dumps the generated default backup files of the RDS instance to the destination region.

  • Data backup files and log backup files that are generated by using the cross-region backup feature cannot be downloaded.

  • The cross-region backup feature for ApsaraDB RDS for MySQL supports only secondary links in some Alibaba Cloud regions due to network reasons. The following table describes the Alibaba Cloud regions in which the feature is supported.

    Important
    • The cross-region backup feature allows you to replicate backup files from one Alibaba Cloud region to another, regardless of whether the regions are inside or outside the Chinese mainland.

    • The cross-region backup feature allows you to restore the data of your RDS instance only to a region that is different from the region of the RDS instance. The available destination regions vary based on your network environment.

    Supported environment

    Region

    In the Chinese mainland

    China (Beijing), China (Shanghai), China (Hangzhou), China (Shenzhen), China (Qingdao), China (Guangzhou), China (Ulanqab), China (Heyuan), China (Chengdu), China (Hohhot), and China (Zhangjiakou)

    Outside the Chinese mainland

    China (Hong Kong), US (Silicon Valley), US (Virginia), Singapore, Japan (Tokyo), Germany (Frankfurt), Australia (Sydney), Malaysia (Kuala Lumpur), Indonesia (Jakarta), India (Mumbai), Philippines (Manila), UK (London), South Korea (Seoul), and Thailand (Bangkok)

Procedure

  • Enable the cross-region backup feature for a single RDS instance

    1. Log on to the ApsaraDB RDS console. In the left-side navigation pane, click Instances. In the top navigation bar, select the region in which your RDS instance resides.
    2. Go to the instance details page. In the left-side navigation pane, click Backup and Restoration. On the page that appears, click the Backup Strategy tab. Then, click Edit in the Cross-region Backup Settings section.

      Note

      If the Cross-region Backup Settings section is not displayed, you must check whether the RDS instance meets all prerequisites.

    3. Configure the following parameters.

      Parameter

      Description

      Cross-region Backup

      Specifies whether to enable the cross-region backup feature. Select Enable.

      Backup Region

      The destination region to which the backup files of the RDS instance are automatically replicated.

      Cross-region Backup Retention Period (Days)

      The retention period of cross-region backup files. Valid values: 3 to 1825. Unit: days. The longest cross-region backup retention period spans five years.

      Note

      After the RDS instance expires or is released, its cross-region backup files are still retained based on the specified retention period. You can log on to the ApsaraDB RDS console and go to the Cross-region Backups tab on the Backup and Restoration page of your RDS instance to view the cross-region backup files that do not expire.

      Cross-region Log Backup

      Specifies whether to enable the cross-region log backup feature. After you enable the feature, the log backup files of the RDS instance are automatically replicated to an Object Storage Service (OSS) bucket in the destination region.

      Compliance Warranty Regarding Cross-border Data Transfers

      The relevant agreement. Read and select the relevant agreement.

    4. Click OK.

  • Modify the cross-region backup settings of an RDS instance

    1. Log on to the ApsaraDB RDS console. In the left-side navigation pane, click Instances. In the top navigation bar, select the region in which your RDS instance resides.
    2. Go to the instance details page. In the left-side navigation pane, click Backup and Restoration. On the page that appears, click the Backup Strategy tab. Then, click Edit in the Cross-region Backup Settings section.

      Note

      If the RDS instance is released, you can change only the cross-region backup retention period.

    3. Click OK.

  • Disable the cross-region backup feature for an RDS instance

    If you no longer require the cross-region backup feature, you can disable the feature.

    1. Log on to the ApsaraDB RDS console. In the left-side navigation pane, click Instances. In the top navigation bar, select the region in which your RDS instance resides.
    2. Go to the instance details page. In the left-side navigation pane, click Backup and Restoration. On the page that appears, click the Backup Strategy tab. Then, click Edit in the Cross-region Backup Settings section.

    3. Change the value of the Cross-region Backup parameter to Disabled and the value of the Cross-region Backup Retention Period (Days) parameter to 7.

      Note

      After you disable the cross-region backup feature for your RDS instance, no new cross-region backup files or traffic fees are generated. However, you are still charged for the storage of the existing cross-region backup files within the cross-region backup retention period that you specify. The existing cross-region backup files are retained for at least seven days. You can set the cross-region backup retention period to seven days. After the seven-day retention period elapses, all existing cross-region backup files are automatically deleted, and you are no longer charged for the storage of cross-region backup files.

    4. Click OK.

  • View the cross-region backup sets

    1. Log on to the ApsaraDB RDS console. In the left-side navigation pane, click Instances. In the top navigation bar, select the region in which your RDS instance resides.
    2. Go to the instance details page. In the left-side navigation pane, click Backup and Restoration. On the page that appears, click the Cross-region Backups tab and set the Region of Backup Set parameter to the region in which the cross-region backup sets are stored to view the cross-region backup sets.

RDS instances that use local disks

Prerequisites

  • Your RDS instance meets the following requirements:

    • The RDS instance runs MySQL 8.0, MySQL 5.7, or MySQL 5.6.

    • The RDS instance runs RDS High-availability Edition or MySQL 5.7 on RDS Enterprise Edition.

    • The RDS instance uses local disks.

    Note

    You can go to the Basic Information page of your RDS instance to obtain the preceding information.

  • The AliyunServiceRoleForDBS service-linked role is created by using your Alibaba Cloud account if you use the backup feature of ApsaraDB RDS for the first time. For more information, see How do I create a service-linked role for DBS?

Billing rules

The following table describes the fees that are generated if you perform cross-region backups on an RDS instance that uses local disks in the ApsaraDB RDS console.

Item

Unit price (USD per GB-hour)

Cross-region storage fee

0.0002

Network traffic fee

For more information about the billing rules for each region, see Network traffic fees.

Note

If your RDS instance contains a large amount of data, we recommend that you use DBS network plans to offset the network traffic fees. For more information, see Use network plans.

Usage notes

If you want to enable the cross-region backup feature for an RDS instance in the ApsaraDB RDS console, take note of the following items:

  • You can restore data from cross-region backup files to the source region or the destination region. However, if Transparent Data Encryption (TDE) is enabled for the original RDS instance, you can restore data from cross-region backup files only to the source region. For more information, see Configure TDE.

  • Cross-region backups do not affect automatic backups. These types of backups can exist at the same time.

  • After a default backup is complete, a cross-region backup is triggered. During the cross-region backup process, the system dumps the generated default backup files of the RDS instance to the destination region.

  • After you enable the cross-region log backup feature, the system checks whether valid backup sets are generated for the RDS instance over the most recent 24 hours. If no valid backup sets are generated over the most recent 24 hours, a full backup is triggered for the RDS instance.

  • After you enable the cross-region log backup feature, the system checks the valid backup sets that are generated for the RDS instance over the most recent 24 hours.

    • If continuous log files are archived following the valid backup sets, the system dumps the archived log files to the destination region.

    • If no continuous log files are archived following the valid backup sets, a backup is triggered on the secondary RDS instance.

  • The cross-region backup feature is not supported in some Alibaba Cloud regions due to network reasons. The following table describes the Alibaba Cloud regions in which the feature is supported.

  • The cross-region backup feature for ApsaraDB RDS for MySQL supports only secondary links in some Alibaba Cloud regions due to network reasons. The following table describes the Alibaba Cloud regions in which the feature is supported.

    Important
    • The cross-region backup feature allows you to replicate backup files from one Alibaba Cloud region to another, regardless of whether the regions are in or outside the Chinese mainland.

    • The cross-region backup feature allows you to restore the data of your RDS instance only to a region that is different from the region of the RDS instance. The available destination regions vary based on your network environment.

    Supported environment

    Region

    In the Chinese mainland

    China (Beijing), China (Shanghai), China (Hangzhou), China (Shenzhen), China (Qingdao), China (Guangzhou), China (Ulanqab), China (Heyuan), China (Chengdu), China (Hohhot), and China (Zhangjiakou)

    Outside the Chinese mainland

    China (Hong Kong), US (Silicon Valley), US (Virginia), Singapore, Japan (Tokyo), Germany (Frankfurt), Australia (Sydney), Malaysia (Kuala Lumpur), Indonesia (Jakarta), India (Mumbai), Philippines (Manila), UK (London), South Korea (Seoul), and Thailand (Bangkok)

Procedure

  • Enable the cross-region backup feature for a single RDS instance

    1. Log on to the ApsaraDB RDS console. In the left-side navigation pane, click Instances. In the top navigation bar, select the region in which the RDS instance resides.

    2. Find the RDS instance for which you want to enable the cross-region backup feature. In the Actions column, choose More > Cross-region Backup Settings.

      Note
      • You can also go to the Backup and Restoration page, click the Backup Strategy tab, and then click Edit in the Cross-region Backup Settings section.

      • If the Cross-region Backup Settings section is not displayed, you must check whether the RDS instance meets all prerequisites.

    3. Configure the following parameters.

      Parameter

      Description

      Cross-region Backup

      Specifies whether to enable the cross-region backup feature. Select Enable.

      Backup Region

      The destination region to which the backup files of the RDS instance are automatically replicated.

      Retention Period of Cross-region Backup (Days)

      The retention period of cross-region backup files. Valid values: 3 to 1825. Unit: days. The longest cross-region backup retention period spans five years.

      Note

      After the RDS instance expires or is released, its cross-region backup files are still retained based on the cross-region backup retention period that you specify. You can log on to the ApsaraDB RDS console, click Backups in the left-side navigation pane, and then click the Cross-region Backup tab to view the cross-region backup files that are retained.

      Cross-region Log Backup

      Specifies whether to enable the cross-region log backup feature. After you enable the feature, the log backup files of the RDS instance are automatically replicated to an OSS bucket in the destination region.

      Compliance Warranty Regarding Cross-border Data Transfers

      The relevant agreement. Read and select the relevant agreement.

    4. Click OK.

  • Enable the cross-region backup feature for multiple RDS instances at a time

    1. Log on to the ApsaraDB RDS console. In the left-side navigation pane, click Backups. In the top navigation bar, select the region in which the RDS instance resides.

    2. Click the Cross-region Backup tab. On the tab that appears, click the Pending Instances tab.

    3. Select the RDS instances for which you want to enable the cross-region backup feature. Then, click Backup Settings.

      image.png

      Note

      You can also click Settings in the Cross-region Backup Settings column of a single RDS instance to enable the cross-region backup feature only for that RDS instance.

    4. Configure the following parameters.

      Parameter

      Description

      Cross-region Backup

      Specifies whether to enable the cross-region backup feature. Select Enable.

      Backup Region

      The destination region to which the backup files of the RDS instance are automatically replicated.

      Retention Period of Cross-region Backup (Days)

      The retention period of cross-region backup files. Valid values: 3 to 1825. Unit: days. The longest cross-region backup retention period spans five years.

      Note

      After the RDS instance expires or is released, its cross-region backup files are still retained based on the cross-region backup retention period that you specify. You can log on to the ApsaraDB RDS console, click Backups in the left-side navigation pane, and then click the Cross-region Backup tab to view the cross-region backup files that are retained.

      Cross-region Log Backup

      Specifies whether to enable the cross-region log backup feature. After you enable the feature, the log backup files of the RDS instance are automatically replicated to an OSS bucket in the destination region.

      Compliance Warranty Regarding Cross-border Data Transfers

      The relevant agreement. Read and select the relevant agreement.

    5. Click OK.

  • Modify the cross-region backup settings of an RDS instance

    1. Log on to the ApsaraDB RDS console. In the left-side navigation pane, click Instances. In the top navigation bar, select the region in which your RDS instance resides.
    2. Go to the instance details page. In the left-side navigation pane, click Backup and Restoration. On the page that appears, click the Backup Strategy tab. Then, click Edit in the Cross-region Backup Settings section.

      Note

      If the RDS instance is released, you can change only the cross-region backup retention period.

    3. Click OK.

  • Disable the cross-region backup feature for an RDS instance

    If you no longer require the cross-region backup feature, you can disable the feature.

    1. Log on to the ApsaraDB RDS console. In the left-side navigation pane, click Instances. In the top navigation bar, select the region in which your RDS instance resides.
    2. Go to the instance details page. In the left-side navigation pane, click Backup and Restoration. On the page that appears, click the Backup Strategy tab. Then, click Edit in the Cross-region Backup Settings section.

    3. Change the value of the Cross-region Backup parameter to Disabled and the value of the Cross-region Backup Retention Period (Days) parameter to 7.

      Note

      After you disable the cross-region backup feature for your RDS instance, no new cross-region backup files or traffic fees are generated. However, you are still charged for the storage of the existing cross-region backup files within the cross-region backup retention period that you specify. The existing cross-region backup files are retained for at least seven days. You can set the cross-region backup retention period to seven days. After the seven-day retention period elapses, all existing cross-region backup files are automatically deleted, and you are no longer charged for the storage of cross-region backup files.

    4. Click OK.

  • Download the cross-region backup sets of an RDS instance

    After a cross-region backup is complete, you can download the generated cross-region backup sets in the ApsaraDB RDS console.

    1. Log on to the ApsaraDB RDS console. In the left-side navigation pane, click Backups. In the top navigation bar, select the region in which the RDS instance resides.

    2. On the Backups page, click the Cross-region Backup tab. Click the Backup Instances tab and click the ID of the RDS instance for which you want to download cross-region backup sets.

    3. On the Data Backup or Log Backup tab, find the backup set that you want to download and click Download in the Actions column.

    4. Click Download.

      Important

      If you download backup files over an internal network, no fees are generated. If you download backup files over the Internet, you are charged for the Internet traffic that you use. For more information, see Network traffic fees.

  • View the cross-region backup sets

    1. Log on to the ApsaraDB RDS console. In the left-side navigation pane, click Instances. In the top navigation bar, select the region in which your RDS instance resides.
    2. Go to the Backup and Restoration page of the instance. On the Cross-region Backups tab, view the cross-region backup sets.

What to do next

FAQ

  • After I disable the cross-region backup feature for my RDS instance, why am I still charged for the storage of cross-region backup files?

    After you disable the cross-region backup feature for your RDS instance, no new cross-region backup files or traffic fees are generated. However, you are still charged for the storage of the existing cross-region backup files within the cross-region backup retention period that you specify. The existing cross-region backup files are retained for at least seven days. You can set the cross-region backup retention period to seven days. After the cross-region backup retention period elapses, all existing cross-region backup files are deleted and you are no longer charged for the storage of cross-region backup files. For more information, see the Use the cross-region backup feature.

  • What resource plan can I use to offset the fees generated for the cross-region backup storage when I perform cross-region backups on an RDS instance in the ApsaraDB RDS console?

    If your RDS instance uses cloud disks, you can use the storage plans of DBS to offset the fee generated for the cross-region backup storage when you perform cross-region backups in the ApsaraDB RDS console. For more information, see Storage fees. If your RDS instance uses local disks, no resource plan is available to offset the cross-region storage fees for your RDS instance.