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Object Storage Service:Get started with OSS SDKs

Last Updated:Oct 31, 2023

You can use OSS SDKs to perform operations such as bucket creation, object uploads, and object downloads. This topic uses OSS SDK for Java as an example to show you how to programmatically perform operations in OSS.

Prerequisites

OSS SDK for Java is installed and access credentials are configured. For more information, see the following topics:

  1. Installation

  2. Configure access credentials

Create a bucket

A bucket is a global namespace in OSS. A bucket is a container that is used to store objects. The following sample code provides an example on how to create a bucket:

After the sample code is run successfully, the examplebucket bucket is created.

import com.aliyun.oss.ClientException;
import com.aliyun.oss.OSS;
import com.aliyun.oss.OSSClientBuilder;
import com.aliyun.oss.OSSException;
import com.aliyun.oss.common.auth.CredentialsProviderFactory;
import com.aliyun.oss.common.auth.EnvironmentVariableCredentialsProvider;

public class Demo {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
         // In this example, the endpoint of the China (Hangzhou) region is used. Specify your actual endpoint. 
        String endpoint = "https://oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com";
        // Obtain access credentials from environment variables. Before you run the sample code, make sure that the OSS_ACCESS_KEY_ID and OSS_ACCESS_KEY_SECRET environment variables are configured. 
        EnvironmentVariableCredentialsProvider credentialsProvider = CredentialsProviderFactory.newEnvironmentVariableCredentialsProvider();
        // Specify the name of the bucket. Example: examplebucket. The name must be unique in OSS. 
        String bucketName = "examplebucket";

        // Create an OSSClient instance. 
        OSS ossClient = new OSSClientBuilder().build(endpoint, credentialsProvider);

        try {
            // Create a bucket. 
            ossClient.createBucket(bucketName);

        } catch (OSSException oe) {
            System.out.println("Caught an OSSException, which means your request made it to OSS, "
                    + "but was rejected with an error response for some reason.");
            System.out.println("Error Message:" + oe.getErrorMessage());
            System.out.println("Error Code:" + oe.getErrorCode());
            System.out.println("Request ID:" + oe.getRequestId());
            System.out.println("Host ID:" + oe.getHostId());
        } catch (ClientException ce) {
            System.out.println("Caught an ClientException, which means the client encountered "
                    + "a serious internal problem while trying to communicate with OSS, "
                    + "such as not being able to access the network.");
            System.out.println("Error Message:" + ce.getMessage());
        } finally {
            if (ossClient != null) {
                ossClient.shutdown();
            }
        }
    }
}

Upload an object

The following sample code provides an example on how to upload an object to OSS by using streaming upload:

After the sample code is run successfully, the exampleobject.txt object is uploaded to the exampledir directory.

import com.aliyun.oss.ClientException;
import com.aliyun.oss.OSS;
import com.aliyun.oss.OSSClientBuilder;
import com.aliyun.oss.OSSException;
import com.aliyun.oss.common.auth.CredentialsProviderFactory;
import com.aliyun.oss.common.auth.EnvironmentVariableCredentialsProvider;
import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;

public class Demo {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        // In this example, the endpoint of the China (Hangzhou) region is used. Specify your actual endpoint. 
        String endpoint = "https://oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com";
        // Obtain access credentials from environment variables. Before you run the sample code, make sure that the OSS_ACCESS_KEY_ID and OSS_ACCESS_KEY_SECRET environment variables are configured. 
        EnvironmentVariableCredentialsProvider credentialsProvider = CredentialsProviderFactory.newEnvironmentVariableCredentialsProvider();
        // Specify the name of the bucket. Example: examplebucket. 
        String bucketName = "examplebucket";
        // Specify the full path of the object. Example: exampledir/exampleobject.txt. Do not include the bucket name in the full path. 
        String objectName = "exampledir/exampleobject.txt";

        // Create an OSSClient instance. 
        OSS ossClient = new OSSClientBuilder().build(endpoint, credentialsProvider);

        try {
            String content = "Hello OSS";
            ossClient.putObject(bucketName, objectName, new ByteArrayInputStream(content.getBytes()));
        } catch (OSSException oe) {
            System.out.println("Caught an OSSException, which means your request made it to OSS, "
                    + "but was rejected with an error response for some reason.");
            System.out.println("Error Message:" + oe.getErrorMessage());
            System.out.println("Error Code:" + oe.getErrorCode());
            System.out.println("Request ID:" + oe.getRequestId());
            System.out.println("Host ID:" + oe.getHostId());
        } catch (ClientException ce) {
            System.out.println("Caught an ClientException, which means the client encountered "
                    + "a serious internal problem while trying to communicate with OSS, "
                    + "such as not being able to access the network.");
            System.out.println("Error Message:" + ce.getMessage());
        } finally {
            if (ossClient != null) {
                ossClient.shutdown();
            }
        }
    }
}

Download an object

The following sample code provides an example on how to download an object from OSS by using streaming download:

After the sample code is run successfully, the content of the downloaded object is displayed in the compiler.

import com.aliyun.oss.ClientException;
import com.aliyun.oss.OSS;
import com.aliyun.oss.OSSClientBuilder;
import com.aliyun.oss.OSSException;
import com.aliyun.oss.common.auth.CredentialsProviderFactory;
import com.aliyun.oss.common.auth.EnvironmentVariableCredentialsProvider;
import com.aliyun.oss.model.OSSObject;
import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;

public class Demo {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        // In this example, the endpoint of the China (Hangzhou) region is used. Specify your actual endpoint. 
        String endpoint = "https://oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com";
        // Obtain access credentials from environment variables. Before you run the sample code, make sure that the OSS_ACCESS_KEY_ID and OSS_ACCESS_KEY_SECRET environment variables are configured. 
        EnvironmentVariableCredentialsProvider credentialsProvider = CredentialsProviderFactory.newEnvironmentVariableCredentialsProvider();
        // Specify the name of the bucket. Example: examplebucket. 
        String bucketName = "examplebucket";
        // Specify the full path of the object. Example: exampledir/exampleobject.txt. Do not include the bucket name in the full path. 
        String objectName = "exampledir/exampleobject.txt";

        // Create an OSSClient instance. 
        OSS ossClient = new OSSClientBuilder().build(endpoint, credentialsProvider);

        try {
            // Call ossClient.getObject to obtain an OSSObject instance. The OSSObject instance contains the content and metadata of the object. 
            OSSObject ossObject = ossClient.getObject(bucketName, objectName);
            // Call ossObject.getObjectContent to obtain an input stream of the object. The input stream can be read to obtain the content of the object. 
            InputStream content = ossObject.getObjectContent();
            if (content != null) {
                BufferedReader reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(content));
                while (true) {
                    String line = reader.readLine();
                    if (line == null) {
                      break;
                    }
                    System.out.println("\n" + line);
                }
                // You must close the obtained stream after the object is read. Otherwise, connection leaks may occur. Consequently, no connections are available and an exception occurs. 
                content.close();
            }
        } catch (OSSException oe) {
            System.out.println("Caught an OSSException, which means your request made it to OSS, "
                    + "but was rejected with an error response for some reason.");
            System.out.println("Error Message:" + oe.getErrorMessage());
            System.out.println("Error Code:" + oe.getErrorCode());
            System.out.println("Request ID:" + oe.getRequestId());
            System.out.println("Host ID:" + oe.getHostId());
        } catch (ClientException ce) {
            System.out.println("Caught an ClientException, which means the client encountered "
                    + "a serious internal problem while trying to communicate with OSS, "
                    + "such as not being able to access the network.");
            System.out.println("Error Message:" + ce.getMessage());
        } finally {
            if (ossClient != null) {
                ossClient.shutdown();
            }
        }
    }
}

List objects

The following sample code provides an example on how to list objects in a bucket. By default, 100 objects are listed.

After the sample code is run successfully, the details of the exampledir/exampleobject.txt object are displayed in the compiler.

import com.aliyun.oss.ClientException;
import com.aliyun.oss.OSS;
import com.aliyun.oss.OSSClientBuilder;
import com.aliyun.oss.OSSException;
import com.aliyun.oss.common.auth.CredentialsProviderFactory;
import com.aliyun.oss.common.auth.EnvironmentVariableCredentialsProvider;
import com.aliyun.oss.model.OSSObjectSummary;
import com.aliyun.oss.model.ObjectListing;

public class Demo {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        // In this example, the endpoint of the China (Hangzhou) region is used. Specify your actual endpoint. 
        String endpoint = "https://oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com";
        // Obtain access credentials from environment variables. Before you run the sample code, make sure that the OSS_ACCESS_KEY_ID and OSS_ACCESS_KEY_SECRET environment variables are configured. 
        EnvironmentVariableCredentialsProvider credentialsProvider = CredentialsProviderFactory.newEnvironmentVariableCredentialsProvider();
        // Specify the name of the bucket. Example: examplebucket. 
        String bucketName = "examplebucket";

        // Create an OSSClient instance. 
        OSS ossClient = new OSSClientBuilder().build(endpoint, credentialsProvider);

        try {
            // Call ossClient.listObjects to obtain an ObjectListing instance. The ObjectListing instance contains the response to the listObject request. 
            ObjectListing objectListing = ossClient.listObjects(bucketName);
            // Call objectListing.getObjectSummaries to obtain the descriptions of all objects. 
            for (OSSObjectSummary objectSummary : objectListing.getObjectSummaries()) {
                System.out.println(" - " + objectSummary.getKey() + "  " +
                        "(size = " + objectSummary.getSize() + ")");
            }
        } catch (OSSException oe) {
            System.out.println("Caught an OSSException, which means your request made it to OSS, "
                    + "but was rejected with an error response for some reason.");
            System.out.println("Error Message:" + oe.getErrorMessage());
            System.out.println("Error Code:" + oe.getErrorCode());
            System.out.println("Request ID:" + oe.getRequestId());
            System.out.println("Host ID:" + oe.getHostId());
        } catch (ClientException ce) {
            System.out.println("Caught an ClientException, which means the client encountered "
                    + "a serious internal problem while trying to communicate with OSS, "
                    + "such as not being able to access the network.");
            System.out.println("Error Message:" + ce.getMessage());
        } finally {
            if (ossClient != null) {
                ossClient.shutdown();
            }
        }
    }
}

Delete an object

The following sample code provides an example on how to delete an object:

After the sample code is run successfully, the exampleobject.txt object is deleted from the exampledir directory.

import com.aliyun.oss.ClientException;
import com.aliyun.oss.OSS;
import com.aliyun.oss.OSSClientBuilder;
import com.aliyun.oss.OSSException;
import com.aliyun.oss.common.auth.CredentialsProviderFactory;
import com.aliyun.oss.common.auth.EnvironmentVariableCredentialsProvider;

public class Demo {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        // In this example, the endpoint of the China (Hangzhou) region is used. Specify your actual endpoint. 
        String endpoint = "https://oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com";
        // Obtain access credentials from environment variables. Before you run the sample code, make sure that the OSS_ACCESS_KEY_ID and OSS_ACCESS_KEY_SECRET environment variables are configured. 
        EnvironmentVariableCredentialsProvider credentialsProvider = CredentialsProviderFactory.newEnvironmentVariableCredentialsProvider();
        // Specify the name of the bucket. Example: examplebucket. 
        String bucketName = "examplebucket";
        // Specify the full path of the object. Example: exampledir/exampleobject.txt. Do not include the bucket name in the full path. 
        String objectName = "exampledir/exampleobject.txt";

        // Create an OSSClient instance. 
        OSS ossClient = new OSSClientBuilder().build(endpoint, credentialsProvider);

        try {
            // Delete the object. 
            ossClient.deleteObject(bucketName, objectName);
        } catch (OSSException oe) {
            System.out.println("Caught an OSSException, which means your request made it to OSS, "
                    + "but was rejected with an error response for some reason.");
            System.out.println("Error Message:" + oe.getErrorMessage());
            System.out.println("Error Code:" + oe.getErrorCode());
            System.out.println("Request ID:" + oe.getRequestId());
            System.out.println("Host ID:" + oe.getHostId());
        } catch (ClientException ce) {
            System.out.println("Caught an ClientException, which means the client encountered "
                    + "a serious internal problem while trying to communicate with OSS, "
                    + "such as not being able to access the network.");
            System.out.println("Error Message:" + ce.getMessage());
        } finally {
            if (ossClient != null) {
                ossClient.shutdown();
            }
        }
    }
}

References

For more information about how to use OSS SDKs for other programming languages to perform operations such as bucket creation, object uploads, and object downloads, see the following topics: