Recommendation systems and search engines are necessary for apps to resolve information overload. Developing a recommendation system from scratch is expensive and time-consuming, and may fail to meet business requirements in time. In addition, a self-developed recommendation system may be unable to iterate with various algorithms. This topic describes how to use Machine Learning Platform for AI (PAI) of Alibaba Cloud to create data and models that are required by a recommendation system.
- Stores user, item, and behavior data in MaxCompute.
- Uses DataWorks to preprocess data and create basic features.
- Writes some feature vectors to Tablestore.
- Uses recall and sorting algorithms in Machine Learning Studio to compute data.
- Generates sorting models and deploys the models as RESTful APIs in Elastic Algorithm Service (EAS).
- Writes recall results to Tablestore, uses AutoLearning to filter the recall results, and then deploys RESTful APIs in EAS based on the filtering results.
- Build an enterprise-class personalized recommendation system by using PAI: introduces a complete recommendation solution. Based on this document, you can build an enterprise-class recommendation system within one week. We recommend that you read this document.
- Video tutorial for recommendation systems: demonstrates how to build a system for recommendation based on collaborative filtering. We recommend that you watch this video.
- Use ALS to predict ratings of songs: describes how to use Alternating Least Squares (ALS) to predict ratings of songs.
- Use FM-Embedding for matching recall: describes how to use FM-Embedding for matching recall.
Cold start scenarios
To recommend a large number of items, you can use the title and body of an article to train a Doc2Vec model and generate a vector for each item. For more information, see Doc2Vec.
Then, you can use Elasticsearch together with a vector search plug-in to recall the vectors that are similar to each generated vector. We recommend that you classify items and search for similar vectors based on the categories of items. If items are not classified, you can label specific items and use the labeled items as a classification model.
Recommendation based on user behavior
- Use the click sequences of users to calculate the relationships between items. You can use the word2vec algorithm in natural language processing to treat multiple items that each user clicks as a sentence and cleanse the sequence. For example, you can configure each sequence to contain only the items that belong to the same category or session, or the items that are repeatedly clicked by a user within 30 minutes. For more information, see Word2Vec.
- After you obtain sufficient user and item data, you can use the collaborative filtering
algorithm named etrec or the matrix factorization algorithm to obtain item-item data.
For more information, see Collaborative Filtering (etrec) or Use ALS to predict ratings of songs.
Note You can set the weight parameter for the etrec algorithm. For example, you can use the weight parameter to set different weights for the following operations: click, add to favorites, and purchase.
- After you obtain the item click logs and exposure logs, you can use the Gradient Boosting Decision Tree (GBDT) model or a tree model such as PS-SMART to sort feature data of users and items. The GBDT model frees you from feature engineering. For more information, see GBDT Regression or PS-SMART Regression.
- Use one of the following methods to mine features, including features of users and
items, feature crosses of users and items, and context features:
- Perform feature engineering. For more information, see Feature engineering.
- Use the Auto Feature Cross component of PAI to mine feature crosses. For more information, see Use AutoML for automatic feature engineering.
- Use the Factorization Machine (FM) algorithm to mine second-order feature crosses. For more information, see Use FM-Embedding for matching recall.
- After a model is trained, deploy the model as a RESTful API in EAS. For more information, see Deploy models.
- Use the TextRank algorithm to extract keywords and mine labels from item data.