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Community Blog MariaDB vs. MongoDB – Which One Should I Choose?

MariaDB vs. MongoDB – Which One Should I Choose?

This article explains the differences between MariaDB and MongoDB.

By Alain Francois

There are a lot of discussions about choosing the appropriate database for your project. This goes around relational databases and document stores databases. Each type of database is useful in its own right, but you will need to choose one. This article explains the differences between MariaDB and MongoDB.

What Is MariaDB?

MariaDB is an open-source relational DBMS solution created to provide SQL features to access the data. MariaDB is a fork of MySQL built as free, open-source software. It is written in multiple languages, such as Perl, Bash, C, and C++, and you can use it on Linux, MacOS, and Windows. MariaDB offers more features, new storage engines, fewer bugs, and better performance.

What Is MongoDB?

MongoDB is a NoSQL document-focus database that stores data in JSON-like documents that can vary in structure, offering a dynamic, flexible schema. It does not have a table-like relational structure. Instead, it uses collections and documents. MongoDB was designed for high availability and scalability, with built-in replication and auto-sharding.

Partitioning Methods

MariaDB offers various partitioning methods, including sharding and horizontal partitioning. You can use sharding partitioning to avoid unwanted data in the system, and it can be performed with the storage engine or clusters.

MongoDB uses sharding partitioning. It leaves documents arranged efficiently and identifies the documents needed within the database.

Replication Methods

MongoDB supports a Master-Slave Replication. Data can only be updated by the servers within the group.

MariaDB supports Master-Slave Replication and Master-Master Replication, and any replication members can edit data.

Foreign Keys

MongoDB does not use foreign keys, so the tables aren't easily linked, and it does not provide the concept of Referential Integrity. MariaDB provides the concept of Referential Integrity and has Foreign keys that help grab data from any table.

Syntax

MariaDB uses the traditional SQL syntax since it is based on MySQL, and MongoDB uses NoSQL syntax since data is stored in JSON format.

Which One Is Faster?

It's difficult to compare which one is faster because it depends on how they are managed and configured. Your ability to develop and manage these databases will determine which database is right for you.

Advantages and Disadvantages

  • MariaDB offers internal security, password checks, and PAM and LDAP authentication with user roles
  • MongoDB functions as a search engine for available documents and a standard relational database, while MariaDB is essentially a relational database model.
  • MariaDB provides XML support for storage, access, and retrieval in XML format, while MongoDB only offers access for documents.
  • MongoDB has a large base that supports all the languages in the system, while MariaDB does not support Matlab and shell languages.
  • MariaDB supports the use of plugins; software components that may be added to the core software without rebuilding the MariaDB server from the source code.
  • MongoDB is a powerful, document-based database system intended for modern applications and software.

Which Database Should I Choose?

MongoDB and MariaDB are used for specific applications based on what you want.

MongoDB is used for big data when you need to perform analytics on your stored unstructured data. It is ideal for cloud computing because it offers high data availability, providing instant and automatic data recovery and database replication. You can also use MongoDB if you use unstable or undefined schema or agile methodologies for development. Schema-less IO is faster in MongoDB, and your general speed of reading/writing from and to the database will be quick. It allows you to manipulate the schema of a table easily. You can add a column without much effort. Native aggregation allows you to extract and transform data from the database. The data can be loaded into a new format or exported to other data sources.

MariaDB is best used when you know the structure of your data because it offers better storage engines. It is compatible with cloud providers, such as Azure and Alibaba Cloud. MariaDB offers more and better storage engines. MariaDB can run SQL and NoSQL in a single database system, with replication almost two times faster. It works well with software that requires storing data in the relational database. It is used to store content, parts of websites, and some configurations. It is also used for simple contest apps that require entry code checkout.

Alibaba Cloud ApsaraDB RDS for MariaDB

ApsaraDB RDS is a stable, reliable, and scalable online database service built on top of the Apsara Distributed File System and high-performance SSDs of Alibaba Cloud. ApsaraDB RDS supports MySQL, SQL Server, PostgreSQL, and MariaDB TX database engines. ApsaraDB RDS supports a wide range of features, such as instance management, backup and restoration, log audit, and monitoring and alerting. This also includes some features of ApsaraDB RDS for MariaDB TX related to data migration, database connection, monitoring and alerting, etc.

Alibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for MongoDB

Alibaba Cloud offers ApsaraDB for MongoDB, a stable, reliable, and scalable database service compatible with the MongoDB protocol. You can store structured data in ApsaraDB RDS and unstructured data in ApsaraDB for MongoDB to meet your varying business requirements.

Conclusion

MariaDB is easy to use for users with a SQL base. MongoDB does not work like SQL, but users have access rights based on system roles. You can combine both databases in an environment for different purposes within one application. Whichever database you choose, make sure it provides the functionality you need.

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