Deploying Grafana to access Zabbix in Alibaba Cloud ECS


Abstract: Learn how to deploy Grafana to access Zabbix

This article shows you how to deploy Grafana on Alibaba Cloud ECS to access Zabbix. Zabbix is an open-source monitoring software for networks and applications while Grafana is an open-source, full-featured dashboard and graph editor for Graphite, InfluxDB, and OpenTSDB. In this tutorial, we will be running CentOS 7.2 on an Alibaba Cloud ECS instance. We will also be using Nginx version 1.9.15 as our web server. Without further ado, let’s look at how we can implement this on our ECS instance.

1. Purchase ECS:

You should have an ECS instance with CentOS 7.2. Other configurations, such as region, do not matter much for our purposes.

2. Install Nginx

Install dependency packages for Nginx on your ECS instance.

yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ autoconf automake zlib zlib-devel o
penssl openssl-devel pcre* make gd-devel libjpeg-devel libpng-
devel libxml2-devel bzip2-devel libcurl-devel

Create an Nginx user after installing the dependency packages:

useradd nginx -s /sbin/nologin -M

Download Nginx software package and enter the directory:

wget && tar xvf 
nginx-1.9.15.tar.gz && cd nginx-1.9.15


./configure --prefix=/usr/local/product/nginx1.9.14 --user=ngi
nx --group=nginx --with-http_ssl_module --with-http_v2_module
--with-http_stub_status_module --with-pcre

make && make install

ln -s /usr/local/product/nginx1.9.14 /usr/local/nginx    ==>cr
eate soft link

The list below describes the arguments we used when compiling the code:

--with-http_stub_status_module: This argument enables Nginx state query
--with-http_ssl_module: This arguments enables https support
--with-http_spdy_module: This argument provides support for SPDY, which in turn must be supported by ssl (You can find more information about SPDY online)
--with-pcre: prce must be configured in order to support the rewrite function

3. Install Grafana

After successfully installing Nginx, we need to install Grafana.
Grafana’s amazing visualization capabilities, combined with Zabbix’s powerful monitoring tools, greatly simplifies network management.
Grafana provides a plug-in for Zabbix, making the combination of these two software extremely convenient. To install Grafana, input the following commands.

mkdir /opt/grafana && cd /opt/grafana
tar -zxvf grafana-4.3.2.linux-x64.tar.gz
mv grafana-4.3.2 grafana
cd grafana/bin/
# View installable plug-ins
./grafana-cli plugins list-remote
# Install zabbix plug-in
./grafana-cli plugins install alexanderzobnin-zabbix-app
# Install pie chart plug-in
./grafana-cli plugins install grafana-piechart-panel
# Launch, and run in background
./grafana-server -homepath /opt/grafana/grafana &

4. Manage Website Configuration (Nginx) with Grafana

Now that we have Grafana installed, we can edit Nginx web hosting as follows:

[root@grafana conf]# mkdir extra
[root@grafana conf]# cd extra/
[root@grafana extra]# vim grafana.conf
server {
    listen       80;
    access_log /data/logs/zabbix/ main;
    location / {
        index  index.html;
    proxy_set_header   Host             $host;
    proxy_set_header   X-Real-IP        $remote_addr;
    proxy_set_header   X-Forwarded-For  $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;

Edit the configuration file ngix.conf:

[root@grafana conf]# cat nginx.conf

user nginx;
worker_processes 1;

#error_log logs/error.log warning;
#error_log logs/error.log notice;
#error_log logs/error.log info;

pid logs/;

events {
    worker_connections  1024;
http {
    include       mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;
    log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
                    '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
                    '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';
    access_log  logs/access.log  main;
    sendfile        on;
    #tcp_nopush     on;
    #keepalive_timeout  0;
    keepalive_timeout  65;
    #gzip  on;
    include extra/*.conf;

Add file /etc/hosts:
Access Grafana
Access admin/admin

5. Add a data source.

Finally, we require a data source for the Zabbix plug-in to work correctly.

Enable zabbix plug-in
Data Source Configuration - Data Source
    Name:      zabbix
    Default:   ️
    Type:      Zabbix
    ## Http settings
    Access:  proxy
    ## Zabbix API details
    Username: xxxxxx
    Password: xxxxxx

And there you have it! You should now be able to access Zabbix using Grafana to monitor and manage your website or application.