By Xian Wei
It is possible to manually run a yaml file to add virtual nodes to a Kubernetes cluster. However, this is not user friendly and the nodes cannot be continuously upgraded and managed as components. In this blog post, we discuss how virtual nodes work and how you can use Helm to simplify the deployment and management of ack-virtual-node.
First, let's briefly review how virtual nodes work.
Virtual nodes come from the community's virtual kubelet technology. They make the seamless connection between Kubernetes and an Elastic Container Instance (ECI) possible, so that Kubernetes clusters can easily obtain a high level of elasticity without being limited by the computing capacity of cluster nodes.
ECI-based virtual nodes support a variety of functions. They not only enhance the elasticity of Kubernetes clusters, but also provide a wide range of capability extensions, such as GPU container instances, EIP mounting, and large container instances, so that users can easily manage multiple computing workloads in a Kubernetes cluster to meet the needs of a variety of scenarios.
In a hybrid cluster, pods on real nodes are interconnected with ECI pods on virtual nodes.
Note that ECI pods on virtual nodes can be charged on demand, which is different from that on real nodes. For the ECI billing rules, see: Pricing overview. For ECI pod specification configuration support from 0.25c to 64c, see: Limits
Virtual nodes and Serverless Kubernetes are built based on ECI and are Serverless Containers. They are suitable for a variety of Serverless workload scenarios, and can greatly reduce O&M costs, reduce the overall computing costs of users, and improve computing efficiency.
Now let's look at how you can use Helm to simplify the deployment and management of ack-virtual-node.
To install the ack-virtual-node plug-in, you can follow these steps:
1. Log on to the Container Service console, and create a hosted Kubernetes cluster. Select ack-virtual-node on the Application Directory page.
2. Configure virtual node parameters, including Region, AK information, vswitchId, and securityGroupId, with the same configurations as the Kubernetes cluster (network configuration information can be viewed on the Cluster Information page).
3. After the Chart is successfully installed, a node, virtual-kubelet, is added to the Node page.
4. With the kubectl command, the node and Helm deployment status can be viewed. Later, ack-virtual-node can also be upgraded and managed through Helm.
When a virtual node exists in the cluster, a pod can be scheduled to the virtual node, and the VK will create a corresponding ECI pod.Currently, a ECI pod can be created by using one of three ways:
Create the following nginx pod, and set the correct nodeSelector and tolerations to ensure that the pod is scheduled to the virtual node.
apiVersion: v1 kind: Pod metadata: name: nginx spec: containers: - image: nginx imagePullPolicy: Always name: nginx nodeSelector: type: virtual-kubelet tolerations: - key: virtual-kubelet.io/provider operator: Exists
apiVersion: v1 kind: Pod metadata: name: nginx spec: containers: - image: nginx imagePullPolicy: Always name: nginx nodeName: virtual-kubelet
By adding the tag "virtual-node-affinity-injection=enabled" to the namespace, the admission controller in the system automatically adds nodeAffinity and tolerations to pods in the namespace without requiring users to manually configure tolerations for the pods, which greatly simplifies the use of virtual nodes and does not require the yaml file to adapt to virtual nodes.
kubectl create ns vk kubectl label namespace vk virtual-node-affinity-injection=enabled kubectl -n vk run nginx --image nginx
In this way, an ingress application can be created on a virtual node, and the yaml file can be run in the specified namespace without any modification.
# kubectl -n vk apply -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/AliyunContainerService/serverless-k8s-examples/master/ingress/ingress-cafe-demo.yaml deployment "coffee" created service "coffee-svc" created deployment "tea" created service "tea-svc" created ingress "cafe-ingress" created # kubectl -n vk get pod -o wide NAME READY STATUS RESTARTS AGE IP NODE coffee-56668d6f78-7mdvc 1/1 Running 0 2m 192.168.1.170 virtual-kubelet coffee-56668d6f78-tpslg 1/1 Running 0 2m 192.168.1.169 virtual-kubelet tea-85f8bf86fd-5fl2v 1/1 Running 0 2m 192.168.1.172 virtual-kubelet tea-85f8bf86fd-8n9n8 1/1 Running 0 2m 192.168.1.171 virtual-kubelet tea-85f8bf86fd-jv7kj 1/1 Running 0 2m 192.168.1.173 virtual-kubelet # kubectl -n vk get ing NAME HOSTS ADDRESS PORTS AGE cafe-ingress cafe.example.com 184.108.40.206 80 2m # curl -H "Host:cafe.example.com" 220.127.116.11/tea Server address: 192.168.1.173:80 Server name: vk-tea-85f8bf86fd-jv7kj Date: 13/May/2019:05:54:32 +0000 URI: /tea Request ID: 84d2afa2d3a74d7af38f94de21d11d37 # curl -H "Host:cafe.example.com" 18.104.22.168/coffee Server address: 192.168.1.169:80 Server name: vk-coffee-56668d6f78-tpslg Date: 13/May/2019:05:54:36 +0000 URI: /coffee Request ID: 280df5e9f29d22d8174540f8dfe77861
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