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Virtual Private Cloud:Work with DHCP options sets

Last Updated:Apr 02, 2024

You can use Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) options sets to configure DNS server IP addresses and domain names for Elastic Compute Services (ECS) instances in virtual private clouds (VPCs). Before you can use a DHCP options set, you must create one and specify the DNS server IP addresses and domain names that your business requires. Then, you can associate the DHCP options set with a VPC. After the DHCP options set is associated with the VPC, newly created ECS instances in the VPC use the configurations of the DHCP options set. After the DHCP options set is synchronized with existing ECS instances, existing ECS instances also use the configurations of the DHCP options set.

Limits

You can associate a DHCP options set with a VPC. After you associate a DHCP options set with a VPC, newly created ECS instances in the VPC use the configurations of the DHCP options set. Existing ECS instances also use the configurations of the DHCP options set after you restart the ECS instances, restart the DHCP client, or restart network services. For more information, see Overview of DHCP options sets.

  • A DHCP options set can be associated with only VPCs deployed in the region where the DHCP options set is created.

  • A DHCP options set can be associated with multiple VPCs. However, a VPC can be associated with only one DHCP options set.

    By default, a DHCP options set can be associated with up to 10 VPCs. You cannot increase the quota.

  • Advanced VPC features, including DHCP options sets, have the following limits on ECS instance families:

    • If a VPC contains an ECS instance that belongs to one of the following instance families, you cannot configure advanced features for the VPC.

      ecs.c1, ecs.c2, ecs.c4, ecs.ce4, ecs.cm4, ecs.d1, ecs.e3, ecs.e4, ecs.ga1, ecs.gn4, ecs.gn5, ecs.i1, ecs.m1, ecs.m2, ecs.mn4, ecs.n1, ecs.n2, ecs.n4, ecs.s1, ecs.s2, ecs.s3, ecs.se1, ecs.sn1, ecs.sn2, ecs.t1, and ecs.xn4.

    • After you configure an advanced feature for a VPC, you cannot create ECS instances of the preceding instance families in the VPC, or migrate such ECS instances to the VPC.

    To resolve this problem, you must upgrade or release the ECS instances that do not support advanced VPC features.

    Note

    If your VPC contains ECS instances of the preceding instance families and has DHCP options sets configured, you must upgrade or release the ECS instances. Otherwise, the DHCP options sets may not work as expected. For more information, see Advanced VPC features.

DHCP选项集

Create a DHCP options set

  1. Log on to the VPC console.

  2. In the left-side navigation pane, click DHCP Options Sets.

  3. In the top navigation bar, select the region where you want to create the DHCP options set.

    For more information about the regions that support DHCP options sets, see Features and supported regions.

  4. On the DHCP Options Sets page, click Create DHCP Options Set.
  5. On the Create DHCP Options Set page, set the following parameters.

    Parameter

    Description

    Basic Information

    Instance Name

    Enter a name for the DHCP options set.

    Description

    Enter a description for the DHCP options set.

    Resource Group

    Select the resource group to which the DHCP options set belongs.

    Tag Key

    Select or enter a tag key. You can specify up to 20 tag keys.

    A tag key can be up to 128 characters in length and cannot contain http:// or https://. It cannot start with acs: or aliyun.

    Tag Value

    Select or enter a tag value. You can specify at most 20 tag values.

    A tag value can be up to 128 characters in length and cannot contain http:// or https://. It cannot start with acs: or aliyun.

    Configure DHCP Options Set

    Domain Name

    Enter a root domain name.

    After you associate the DHCP options set with a VPC, the domain name is synchronized to the ECS instances deployed in the VPC.

    example.com is used in this example.

    DNS Server IP Address

    Enter DNS server IP addresses.

    The IP addresses of Alibaba Cloud DNS servers, which are 100.100.2.136 and 100.100.2.138, are used by default. This ensures that you can access basic services deployed on Alibaba Cloud. You can click Customize DNS server IP addresses to specify custom DNS server IP addresses to meet your requirements. You can specify up to four DNS server IP addresses.

    Important

    Before you specify custom DNS server IP addresses, take note of the following limits:

    • The system automatically specifies the IP addresses of Alibaba Cloud DNS servers, which are 100.100.2.136 and 100.100.2.138. If you delete these IP addresses, you may not be able to access the basic services deployed on Alibaba Cloud. Proceed with caution.

    • You must add rules to the security group and network access control lists (ACLs) to enable access to the specified custom DNS servers. Otherwise, the services deployed on your ECS instances cannot be resolved. If network ACLs do not exist, add rules only to the security group. For more information, see Add security group rules and Add network ACL rules.

    192.168.1.1 is used in this example.

  6. Click OK.

Modify a DHCP options set

After you create a DHCP options set, you can modify it.

  1. Log on to the VPC console.

  2. In the left-side navigation pane, click DHCP Options Sets.

  3. On the DHCP Options Sets page, find the DHCP options set that you want to modify and click Edit in the Actions column.

  4. On the Modify DHCP Options Set page, modify the name, description, domain name, or DNS server IP address, and then click OK.

Associate with a VPC

  1. Log on to the VPC console.

  2. In the left-side navigation pane, click DHCP Options Sets.

  3. On the DHCP Options Sets page, find the DHCP options set and click Associate with VPC in the Actions column.

  4. In the Associate with VPC dialog box, select a VPC and click OK.

Replace the DHCP options set associated with a VPC

After you associate a DHCP options set with a VPC, you can replace the DHCP options set based on your business requirements.

  1. Log on to the VPC console.

  2. In the top navigation bar, select the region where the VPC is deployed.

  3. On the VPCs page, find the VPC that you want to manage and click its ID.

  4. In the VPC Details section, click Modify Association next to DHCP Options Set.

  5. In the Associate DHCP Options Set dialog box, select a DHCP options set and click OK.

Disassociate a DHCP options set from a VPC

You can disassociate a DHCP options set from a VPC. Then, ECS instances in the VPC no longer use the configurations of the DHCP options set.

  1. Log on to the VPC console.

  2. In the left-side navigation pane, click DHCP Options Sets.

  3. On the DHCP Options Sets page, find the DHCP options set and click its ID.

  4. In the Associated VPCs section, find the VPC that you want to disassociate and click Disassociate in the Actions column.

  5. In the message that appears, click OK.

Delete a DHCP options set

Make sure that the DHCP options set to be deleted is not associated with a VPC.

  1. Log on to the VPC console.

  2. In the left-side navigation pane, click DHCP Options Sets.

  3. On the DHCP Options Sets page, find the DHCP options set that you want to delete and click Delete in the Actions column.

  4. In the message that appears, click OK.

References