Tags are used to identify resources. Tags allow you to categorize, search for, and aggregate resources that have the same characteristics from different dimensions. This facilitates resource management.
You can use tags to perform the following operations:
Search for resources.
You can add tags to resources and search for resources based on the tags in the Resource Management console or by calling a tag-related API operation. For more information, see Use tags to query resources.
Implement automated O&M.
You can add different tags to environments such as production and test environments, operating systems such as Windows and Linux, or mobile platforms such as iOS and Android. Then, you can create a template in CloudOps Orchestration Service (OOS) and execute the template to implement automated O&M for your resources. For more information, see Overview.
Control access to resources.
You can use tags in Resource Access Management (RAM) to manage the access and operation permissions of RAM users on different resources. For more information, see Create a resource with a specific tag and Use tags to control access to ECS resources.
The Tag service provides the following benefits:
Convenience: A unified, visualized console is provided to manage the resources to which tags are added.
Flexibility: You can add, remove, modify, or query one or more tags in the console or by calling an API operation.
Visibility: You can use tags to manage separate bills for departments, products, and projects.
A tag consists of a key-value pair.
A custom tag is created by a user. For more information, see Add a custom tag.
A preset tag is a tag that you create in advance and is available for the resources in all regions. You can create preset tags in the stage of tag planning and add them to specific resources in the stage of tag implementation. The system provides some common built-in types for preset tags. This allows you to quickly plan tag systems. For more information, see Create a preset tag.
A system tag is defined by the system. You can only query system tags. System tags present data relationships in a standard manner. In some specific cases, you can use system tags to assist in processing your business. For example, a cluster is associated with an Elastic Compute Service (ECS) instance, and the system adds the system tag of the cluster ID to the ECS instance. This way, you can determine the attribution of the ECS instance based on the system tag. For more information, see View system tags and the resources to which a system tag is added.
The tag editor is a tool that is used to manage resource tags in a centralized manner. You can use the tag editor to search for resources that belong to different Alibaba Cloud services and reside in different regions. In addition, you can use the tag editor to add, modify, or remove tags for multiple resources at a time, and export resource lists.
createdby tags are a type of system tag that is generated by Alibaba Cloud and automatically added to resources. This type of tag is used to identify the creators of resources. createdby tags can help you analyze costs and bills and manage the costs of resources in an efficient manner. For more information, see Overview.
Tag policies are used to standardize the tags that are added to resources. You can use a tag policy to define the tags that must be added to your resources. Compliant tags can help you improve the efficiency in aspects such as tag-based cost allocation, tag-based access control, and automated O&M. Tag policies support the single-account mode and resource directory mode. The two modes can meet your business requirements for standardized tag management in different stages. For more information, see Overview.
Differences between custom tags and preset tags
Different from system tags, custom tags and preset tags are created by users and can be added or removed by users. The following table describes the differences between custom tags and preset tags.
Custom tags are visible only in the region where they are created. For example, custom tags created in the China (Hangzhou) region are invisible in the China (Beijing) region.
When you create a custom tag, you must add it to a resource. A custom tag that is not added to resources is deleted within 24 hours after it is created.
Preset tags are visible in all regions. A preset tag is a tag that you create in advance and is available for the resources in all regions.
You can create a preset tag first and add it to resources in subsequent operations. Preset tags have an independent lifecycle. If you no longer require a preset tag, you can delete it.
Services that work with Tag
A series of core Alibaba Cloud services support tags, such as ECS, ApsaraDB RDS, Object Storage Service (OSS), Virtual Private Cloud (VPC), Server Load Balancer (SLB), and Container Service for Kubernetes (ACK). Alibaba Cloud intends to add tag support for other services. For more information, see Services that work with Tag.
Maximum number of tags that can be added to a single resource
Maximum number of preset tags that can be created within a single Alibaba Cloud account
Maximum number of tag values that can be specified for a single preset tag key
Whether tag information can be shared across regions
No. For example, in the China (Shanghai) region, you cannot view tags created in the China (Hangzhou) region.
A tag key can be up to 128 characters in length and cannot contain
A tag value can be up to 128 characters in length and cannot contain
Adding tags to resources
Each tag key on a resource can have only one tag value. If you attempt to add a tag that has the same key as an existing tag, the value of the existing tag is overwritten.
For example, the