||An ECS instance is a virtual server that includes basic components such as vCPUs,
memory, an operating system (OS), network configurations, and disks.
|ECS instance type
||Instance types define the basic attributes such as computing capacity, storage capacity,
and networking performance of ECS instances. Instance types must be used together
with images, Elastic Block Storage (EBS) devices, and network resources to create
ECS instances that serve different purposes.
||Images contain information that is necessary to run ECS instances, such as OSs and
initialization data of applications.
||Public images are base images provided by Alibaba Cloud. Public images are licensed
and include Windows Server OS images and mainstream Linux OS images.
||Alibaba Cloud Linux 2 and 3 are OSs provided by Alibaba Cloud. They offer a safe,
stable, and high-performance customized environment for applications on ECS instances
and are optimized for the infrastructure of Alibaba Cloud.
||You can create or import custom images. Custom images contain the initial system environment,
application environment, and related software configurations. This eliminates the
need for repeated manual configurations.
|Elastic Block Storage device
||EBS devices offer high performance and reduce latency. You can partition and format
EBS devices and create file systems on the devices to meet the data storage requirements
of your business.
||Disks are block-level EBS devices that use a triplicate mechanism to ensure 99.9999999%
data durability for ECS instances.
||Local disks are located on the same physical server as the ECS instance to which the
disks are attached. Local disks are cost-effective and provide high storage I/O. However,
the durability of data stored on local disks is determined by the reliability of the
associated physical server, which increases the risks of single points of failure
||A snapshot is a point-in-time backup of a disk and is used to back up or restore the
||A security group is a virtual firewall that is used to control the inbound and outbound
traffic of ECS instances in the security group.
|SSH key pair
||An SSH key pair is a secure and convenient authentication method provided by Alibaba
Cloud for instance logons. An SSH key pair consists of a public key and a private
key. You can use SSH key pairs to log on to only Linux instances.
|Instance RAM role
||Instance Resource Access Management (RAM) roles enable ECS instances to assume roles
with specific access permissions. An instance can access the APIs of specified Alibaba
Cloud services and manage specified Alibaba Cloud resources based on a Security Token
Service (STS) temporary credential to ensure high security.
|virtual private cloud (VPC)
||A VPC is a private network established on Alibaba Cloud. VPCs are logically isolated
from each other based on tunnels. You have full control over your VPCs. For example,
you can specify CIDR blocks and configure route tables and gateways for your VPCs.
|elastic network interface (ENI)
||An ENI is an independent virtual network interface that can be bound to or unbound
from an ECS instance to implement the flexible scaling and migration of services.
||A launch template contains configuration information that you can use to create ECS
instances and eliminates repeated manual configurations.
||Deployment sets support the high availability strategy. After you apply a high availability
strategy to a deployment set, all the instances within the deployment set are distributed
across different physical servers to ensure business availability and disaster recovery
capabilities at the underlying layer.
||A dedicated host is a cloud host whose physical resources are exclusively reserved
for a single tenant. Dedicated hosts meet strict security and compliance requirements
and support Bring Your Own License (BYOL) when you migrate services to the cloud.
|auto provisioning group
||Auto provisioning groups support quick deployment of instance clusters across instance
types and zones. Auto provisioning groups can create preemptible instances and pay-as-you-go
instances by using a combination of provisioning policies to provide high stability
at low cost.
||Each tag consists of a key and a value. You can add tags to resources that have identical
characteristics, such as resources that belong to the same organization and resources
that serve the same purpose. You can use tags to search for and manage resources in
an efficient manner.
||Resource groups allow you to manage resources across services and regions based on
your business requirements and manage the permissions of resource groups.
||Cloud Assistant is an automated O&M tool provided by Alibaba Cloud. Cloud Assistant
allows you to perform operations such as running commands in ECS instances and sending
files to ECS instances without logging on to the ECS instances.
||System events are scheduled or unexpected O&M events that affect the running status
of ECS instances and require the restart, stop, or release of ECS instances. For system
events, ECS sends you notifications that contain information such as solutions and
event cycles so that you can back up data and make preparations in a timely manner.