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Anycast Elastic IP Address:What is Anycast EIP?

Last Updated:Jul 17, 2024

Anycast elastic IP addresses (Anycast EIPs) serve as fixed ingresses on applications hosted on Alibaba Cloud. You can use Anycast EIPs in combination with high-bandwidth BGP lines and the global network of Alibaba Cloud. This allows users across the globe to access services through the nearest access point with a low network latency.

Network architecture

An Anycast EIP is a public IP address that you can purchase and use as an independent resource. After you purchase an Anycast EIP, the system allocates a public IP address to the Anycast EIP. The public IP address can be announced from all access point locations. After you associate the Anycast EIP with an endpoint, user traffic can be routed from the nearest access point to Alibaba Cloud. Network traffic is automatically routed to the associated endpoint through the optimal route. You do not need to configure routes. This offers a consistent user experience when users in different regions access endpoints on Alibaba Cloud.


We recommend that you use Anycast EIPs only to provide services. Third parties may use Anycast or similar features to provide services. If you use Anycast EIPs to access third-party services, errors may occur.


The following table describes the components of an Anycast EIP.



Access area

The access point locations where users can access Alibaba Cloud.

Anycast EIPs can be anycast from all access point locations outside the Chinese mainland.

IP address

The public IP address that is used to access the endpoints on Alibaba Cloud.

After you create an Anycast EIP, the system automatically allocates a public IP address to the Anycast EIP. Users can use the Anycast EIP to access the associated endpoint on Alibaba Cloud through the nearest access point.

Access point

An access point serves as an ingress through which network traffic is routed to Alibaba Cloud. Each access point is a point of presence (PoP) or a region of Alibaba Cloud. For more information, see Access point locations.

Origin server region

The region where the endpoint is deployed.

An Anycast EIP can be associated with a Classic Load Balancer (CLB) instance or an elastic network interface (ENI) in the following regions: China (Hong Kong), Singapore, US (Silicon Valley), US (Virginia), and Germany (Frankfurt).


The CLB instance must be deployed in a virtual private cloud (VPC).

Access point locations

The following table describes the access point locations from which an Anycast EIP can be announced.



Asia Pacific

China (Hong Kong), Singapore, India (Mumbai) Closing Down, Thailand (Bangkok), Philippines (Manila), Vietnam (Ho Chi Minh), South Korea (Seoul), Japan (Tokyo), Malaysia (Kuala Lumpur), and Indonesia (Jakarta)

North America

US (Silicon Valley), US (Virginia), and US (Chicago)

South America

Brazil (Sao Paulo)


UK (London), Germany (Frankfurt), Spain (Madrid), and France (Paris)


Australia (Sydney)

  • Anycast EIPs can be used only in regions outside the Chinese mainland. You cannot use Anycast EIPs in the Chinese mainland.

  • The information in the preceding table is for reference only. Alibaba Cloud may update the access point information in the table without sending notifications to you. Alibaba Cloud may update the access point list when a specific event occurs. For example, Alibaba Cloud updates the list when an access device is down for maintenance, an access device fails, a new access point is added, or an existing access point is removed.


  • Ease of use

    Anycast EIPs allow Internet access, which is similar to EIPs. Therefore, after you associate an Anycast EIP with a CLB instance, the CLB instance can use the Anycast EIP to provide services over the Internet. No further configurations are required. This improves the efficiency of workload deployment.

  • High security

    Anycast EIPs use cloud-native security technologies to protect your Internet-facing services from attacks. The security of the backend server is reinforced.

  • High stability and reliability

    Each Anycast EIP supports connections from multiple PoPs. When one of the access points is down, network traffic is routed to another access point. This ensures high reliability.

  • Reduced network jitter

    Anycast EIPs allow you to connect to Alibaba Cloud through the nearest PoP. You can use the high-quality BGP bandwidth and global network provided by Alibaba Cloud to access the backend server with which the Anycast EIP is associated. This reduces network jitter for Internet connections.