This topic describes how to assign an IPv6 CIDR block to a VSwitch when you create the VSwitch.
- Log on to the VPC console.
- In the left-side navigation pane, click VSwitches.
- Select the region where you want to deploy the VSwitch.Note The following regions support IPv6 gateways: China (Beijing), China (Zhangjiakou), China (Hohhot), China (Hangzhou), China (Shanghai), China (Shenzhen), China (Chengdu), China (Hong Kong), Singapore (Singapore), and US (Virginia).
- On the VSwitches page, click Create VSwitch.
- On the Create VSwitch page, configure the VSwitch and click OK. The following table describes the configuration parameters.
Parameter Description Resource Group Select the resource group to which the VSwitch belongs. VPC Select the VPC to which the VSwitch belongs. CIDR Block The IPv4 CIDR block of the specified VPC. IPv6 CIDR Block The IPv6 CIDR block of the specified VPC.Note If the specified VPC does not have an IPv6 CIDR block, click Enable IPv6 CIDR Block. After IPv6 is enabled for the VPC, the system automatically creates an IPv6 gateway of the Free Edition for the VPC. Parameter Enter a name for the VSwitch.
The name must be 2 to 128 characters in length and can contain letters, digits, underscores (_), and hyphens (-). It must start with a letter.
Zone Select a zone to deploy the VSwitch. VSwitches within a VPC can communicate with each other across zones over the internal network. IPv4 CIDR Block Specify an IPv4 CIDR block for the VSwitch. Note the following limits when you specify an IPv4 CIDR block for a VSwitch:
Notice After you create a VSwitch, you cannot modify its IPv4 CIDR block.
- The IPv4 CIDR block of a VSwitch must be a subset of the IPv4 CIDR block of the VPC
to which the VSwitch belongs.
For example, if the IPv4 CIDR block of a VPC is 192.168.0.0/16, the IPv4 CIDR block of a VSwitch in the VPC must be a segment from 192.168.0.0/17 to 192.168.0.0/29.
- The subnet mask of a VSwitch IPv4 CIDR block can be 16 to 29 bits in length. This means that 8 to 65,536 IP addresses can be provided.
- The first and the last three IP addresses of each VSwitch IPv4 CIDR block are reserved.
For example, if the VSwitch IPv4 CIDR block is 192.168.1.0/24, the IP addresses 192.168.1.0, 192.168.1.253, 192.168.1.254, and 192.168.1.255 are reserved.
- If the VSwitch is required to communicate with VSwitches in other VPCs or with on-premises data centers, make sure that the IPv4 CIDR blocks involved do not conflict with each other.
- The IPv4 CIDR block of a VSwitch must not be the same or larger than the CIDR range
of a route in any of the VPC route tables.
For example, if a CEN route (overlapping routing enabled) with a destination of 172.16.0.0/24 is already added to a route table of the VPC, you cannot specify a CIDR block of the same or larger range as the IPv4 CIDR block of the VSwitch. However, you can use 172.16.0.0/25 or one of a smaller range as the IPv4 CIDR block of the VSwitch.
Number of Available Private IPs The number of available IPv4 addresses of the VSwitch. IPv6 CIDR Block
Specify an IPv6 CIDR block for the VSwitch.
The default subnet mask for the IPv6 CIDR block of a VSwitch is /64. You can enter a decimal number ranging from 0 to 255 to define the last 8 bits of the IPv6 CIDR block.
For example, if the IPv6 CIDR block of the VPC that contains the VSwitch is 2xx1:db8::/64, you can enter 255 (FF in hexadecimal notation) in this field to define the IPv6 CIDR block of the VSwitch as 2xx1:db8:ff::/64.
Description Enter a description for the VSwitch.
The description must be 2 to 256 characters in length and cannot start with
- The IPv4 CIDR block of a VSwitch must be a subset of the IPv4 CIDR block of the VPC to which the VSwitch belongs.