This topic describes how to create a managed Kubernetes cluster that runs sandboxed containers in the Container Service for Kubernetes (ACK) console.
- SLB instances that are created together with the ACK cluster support only the pay-as-you-go billing method.
- ACK clusters support only Virtual Private Cloud (VPC) networks.
- Each account can consume only a limited amount of computing resources. You fail to
create clusters if you do not have sufficient computing resources. When you create
clusters, make sure that you have sufficient resources. To increase the quota of computing
resources for your account, submit a ticket.
- You can create up to five clusters across regions for each account. You can deploy
up to 40 nodes in each cluster. To increase the quota of clusters or nodes, submit a ticket.
Notice By default, you can add up to 48 route entries to a VPC. This means that you can configure up to 48 route entries for ACK clusters deployed in a VPC. To increase the quota of route entries for a VPC, submit a ticket.
- You can create up to 100 security groups under each account.
- You can create up to 60 pay-as-you-go SLB instances under each account.
- You can create up to 20 elastic IP addresses (EIPs) under each account.
- You can create up to five clusters across regions for each account. You can deploy up to 40 nodes in each cluster. To increase the quota of clusters or nodes, submit a ticket.
- To create an ACK cluster that runs sandboxed containers, you must set the parameters
as required in the following table.
Parameter Description Zone Select a zone where Elastics Compute Service (ECS) Bare Metal instances are deployed. Sandboxed containers support only ECS Bare Metal instances. Kubernetes Version Select 1.14.6-aliyun.1 or later. Container Runtime Select Sandboxed-Container. Worker Instance Add worker nodes by creating new ECS instances. Billing Method Select the subscription billing method. Instance Type Select ECS Bare Metal instances. Mount Data Disk Mount a data disk of at least 200 GiB. We recommend that you mount a data disk of at least 1 TB. Operating system By default, the AliyunLinux operating system is used. You cannot change the operating system.
- Log on to the ACK console.
- In the left-side navigation pane, click Clusters.
- In the upper-right corner of the Clusters page, click Create Kubernetes cluster.
- On the Select Cluster Template page, find Standard Managed Cluster and click Create in the Standard Managed Cluster section.
- On the ACK managed edition tab, configure the cluster.
- Configure basic settings of the cluster.
Parameter Description Cluster NameEnter a name for the ACK cluster.Note The name must be 1 to 63 characters in length. It can contain digits, letters, and hyphens (-). Cluster Specification
Select a cluster type. Standard edition and Professional are supported.
Select a region to deploy the ACK cluster.
Resource GroupMove the pointer over All Resources at the top of the page and select the resource group to which the ACK cluster belongs. The name of the selected resource group appears on the page. Kubernetes Version Select a Kubernetes version. Container Runtime Select Sandboxed-Container. VPCSelect a virtual private cloud (VPC) to deploy the ACK cluster. Shared VPCs and standard VPCs are supported.
Note ACK clusters support only VPCs. You can select a VPC from the drop-down list. If no VPC is available, click Create VPC to create one. For more information, see Create a VPC.
- Shared VPC: The owner of a VPC (resource owner) can share vSwitches in the VPC under the account of the owner with other accounts in the same organization.
- Standard VPC: The owner of a VPC (resource owner) cannot share vSwitches in the VPC under the account of the owner with other accounts.
You can select up to three vSwitches that are deployed in different zones. If no vSwitch is available, click Create VSwitch to create one. For more information, see Create a VSwitch.
Network Plug-inSelect a network plug-in. Both Flannel and Terway are supported. For more information, see Flannel and Terway.
- Flannel: a simple and stable Container Network Interface (CNI) plug-in that is developed by the Kubernetes community. Flannel provides a few simple features. However, it does not support standard Kubernetes network policies.
- Terway: a network plug-in that is developed by ACK. Terway allows you to assign elastic
network interfaces (ENIs) of Alibaba Cloud to containers. It also allows you to customize
Kubernetes network policies to control intercommunication among containers and implement bandwidth throttling
on individual containers.
- The number of pods that can be deployed on a node depends on the number of ENIs that are attached to the node and the maximum number of secondary IP addresses that are provided by these ENIs.
- If you select a shared VPC for an ACK cluster, you must select the Terway network plug-in.
- If you select Terway, an ENI is shared among multiple pods. A secondary IP address of the ENI is assigned to each pod.
Pod CIDR Block
If you select Flannel, you must set Pod CIDR Block.
The CIDR block that is specified by Pod CIDR Block cannot overlap with that of the VPC or existing ACK clusters in the VPC. The CIDR block cannot be modified after it is specified. The Service CIDR block cannot overlap with the pod CIDR block. For more information about subnetting for ACK clusters, see Assign CIDR blocks to resources in a Kubernetes cluster under a VPC.
If you select Terway, you must allocate vSwitches to pods. Each pod vSwitch must correspond to a worker vSwitch.
Set Service CIDR. The CIDR block that is specified by Service CIDR cannot overlap with that of the VPC or existing ACK clusters in the VPC. The CIDR block cannot be modified after it is specified. The Service CIDR block cannot overlap with the pod CIDR block. For more information about subnetting for ACK clusters, see Assign CIDR blocks to resources in a Kubernetes cluster under a VPC.
IP Addresses per NodeIf you select Flannel, you must set the number of IP addresses per node.Note IP Addresses per Node specifies the maximum number of IP addresses that can be assigned to each node. We recommend that you use the default value. Configure SNAT
By default, an ACK cluster cannot be accessed over the Internet. If the VPC that you select for the ACK cluster cannot access the Internet, you can select Configure SNAT for VPC. Then, ACK creates a Network Address Translation (NAT) gateway and configures Source Network Address Translation (SNAT) entries to enable Internet access for the VPC.
Access to API ServerBy default, an internal-facing SLB instance is created for the API server. You can modify the specifications of the SLB instance. For more information, see Specification.Notice If you delete the SLB instance, you cannot access the API server. RDS WhitelistSet the Relational Database Service (RDS) whitelist. Add the IP addresses of nodes in the ACK cluster to the RDS whitelist.Note To enable an RDS instance to access the ACK cluster, you must deploy the RDS instance in the VPC where the ACK cluster is deployed. Security Group
You can select Create Basic Security Group, Create Advanced Security Group, or Select Existing Security Group. For more information, see Overview.
- Configure advanced settings of the cluster.
Parameter Description Kube-proxy ModeIPVS and iptables are supported.
- iptables is a kube-proxy mode. It uses iptables rules to conduct service discovery and load balancing. The performance of this mode is restricted by the size of the ACK cluster. This mode is suitable for ACK clusters that manage a small number of Services.
- IPVS is a high-performance kube-proxy mode. It uses Linux Virtual Server (LVS) to conduct service discovery and load balancing. This mode is suitable for ACK clusters that manage a large number of Services. We recommend that you use this mode in scenarios where high-performance load balancing is required.
LabelsAdd labels to nodes. Enter a key and a value, and then click Add.Note
- Key is required. Value is optional.
- Keys are not case-sensitive. A key must be 1 to 64 characters in length, and cannot start with aliyun, http://, or https://.
- Values are not case-sensitive. A value must be 1 to 128 characters in length and cannot start with http:// or https://. This parameter can be empty.
- The keys of labels that are added to the same resource must be unique. If you add a label with a used key, the label overwrites the one that uses the same key.
- You can add up to 20 labels to each resource. If you add more than 20 labels to a resource, all labels become invalid. You must remove unused labels for the remaining labels to take effect.
Cluster DomainSet the domain name of the ACK cluster.Note The default domain name is cluster.local. You can enter a custom domain name. A domain name consists of two parts. Each part must be 1 to 63 characters in length and can contain only letters and digits. You cannot leave these parts empty. Custom Certificate SANs
You can enter custom subject alternative names (SANs) for the API server of the cluster. Separate multiple IP addresses or domains with commas (,).
Service Account Token Volume Projection
Service account token volume projection reduces security risks when pods use service accounts to access the API server. This feature enables kubelet to request and store the token on behalf of the pod. This feature also allows you to configure token properties, such as the audience and validity duration. For more information, see Deploy service account token volume projection.
Specify whether to enable deletion protection. If you select this check box, the ACK cluster cannot be deleted in the console or by calling the API. This prevents user errors.
- Configure basic settings of the cluster.
- Click Next:Worker Configurations to configure worker nodes.Note To create an ACK cluster that runs sandboxed containers, you must select ECS Bare Metal instances as worker nodes.
- Configure basic settings for worker nodes.
Parameter Description Worker Instance By default, Create Instance is selected. You cannot select Add Existing Instance. Billing Method Select Subscription.Note Worker instances support only ECS Bare Metal instances. ECS Bare Metal instances support only the Subscription billing method. The pay-as-you-go billing method is not supported by ECS Bare Metal instances. Duration Select the duration of the subscription. Auto Renewal Specify whether to enable Auto Renewal. Instance Type Select ECS Bare Metal Instance. Only ECS Bare Metal instances are supported. Selected Types The selected instance type appears here. You can select only ECS Bare Metal Instance as the instance type. Quantity
Specify the number of worker nodes to be created.
System DiskEnhanced SSDs, SSDs, and ultra disks are supported.Note You can select Enable Backup to back up disk data. Mount Data Disk
Enhanced SSDs, SSDs, and ultra disks are supported. You can enable disk encryption and backup when you mount data disks.Notice The data disk is used to store the root file system of all containers on the node. Therefore, you must mount a data disk of at least 200 GiB. We recommend that you mount a data disk of at least 1 TB.
Operating System By default, the AliyunLinux operating system is used. You cannot change the operating system. Logon Type
- Key pair logon.
- Key Pair: Select an SSH key pair from the drop-down list.
- create a key pair: Create an SSH key pair if no SSH key pair is available. For more information about how to create an SSH key pair, see Create an SSH key pair. After the key pair is created, set it as the credential that is used to log on to the ACK cluster.
- Password logon.
- Password: Enter the password that is used to log on to the nodes.
- Confirm Password: Enter the password again.
- Key pair logon.
- Configure advanced settings of worker nodes
Parameter Description Node ProtectionSpecify whether to enable node protection.Note By default, this check box is selected. The nodes in the ACK cluster cannot be deleted in the console or by calling the API. This prevents user errors. User Data
For more information, see Prepare user data.
Custom Node Name
Specify whether to use a custom node name.A node name consists of a prefix, an IP substring, and a suffix.
- Both the prefix and suffix can contain one or more parts that are separated with periods (.). These parts can contain lowercase letters, digits, and hyphens (-), and must start and end with a lowercase letter or digit.
- The IP substring length specifies the number of digits to be truncated from the end of the returned node IP address. Valid values: 5 to 12.
For example, if the node IP address is 192.1xx.x.xx, the prefix is aliyun.com, the IP substring length is 5, and the suffix is test, the node name will be aliyun.com00055test.
CPU PolicySet the CPU policy.
- none: This policy indicates that the default CPU affinity is used. This is the default policy.
- static: This policy allows pods with specific resource characteristics on the node to be granted with enhanced CPU affinity and exclusivity.
Add taints to worker nodes in the ACK cluster.
- Configure basic settings for worker nodes.
- Click Next:Component Configurations to configure components.
Parameter Description Ingress
Specify whether to install Ingress controllers. By default, Install Ingress Controllers is selected. For more information, see Configure an Ingress.Note If you want to select Create Ingress Dashboard, you must first activate Log Service.
Volume Plug-in Only CSI is supported by ACK clusters that run sandboxed containers. ACK clusters can be automatically bound to cloud disks of Alibaba Cloud, Network Attached Storage (NAS) file systems, and Object Storage Service (OSS) bucketes that are mounted to pods. For more information, see Storage management-CSI. Monitoring Agents
Specify whether to install the Cloud Monitor agent. By default, Install CloudMonitor Agent on ECS Instance and Enable Prometheus Monitoring are selected. After the Cloud Monitor agent is installed on ECS nodes, you can view monitoring data about the nodes in the Cloud Monitor console.
Specify whether to enable Log Service. You can select an existing Log Service project or create a new one. By default, Enable Log Service is selected. When you create an application, you can perform a few steps to enable Log Service. For more information, see Use Log Service to collect container logs.You can also select or clear Collect Logs of Control Plane Components. If you select this check box, logs of components on the ACK control plane are collected to the Log Service project under your account. For more information, see 收集托管集群控制平面组件日志.Note By default, Collect Logs of Control Plane Components is selected for a professional managed Kubernetes cluster.
By default, Install node-problem-detector and Create Event Center is selected. You can also specify whether to create Ingress dashboard in the Log Service console.
Workflow EngineSpecify whether to enable Alibaba Cloud Genomics Compute Service (AGS).
- If you select this check box, the system automatically installs the AGS workflow plug-in when the system creates the ACK cluster.
- If you clear this check box, you must manually install the AGS workflow plug-in. For more information, see Introduction to AGS CLI.
- Click Next:Confirm Order.
- Select Terms of Service and click Create Cluster.Note It takes approximately 10 minutes for the system to create a Kubernetes cluster that consists of multiple nodes.
- After the cluster is created, you can find the created cluster on the Clusters page in the console.
- Click View Logs in the Actions column. On the Log Information page, you can view cluster logs. To view detailed log information, click Stack events.
Click Details in the Actions column. On the details page, click the Basic Information tab to view basic information about the cluster and click the Connection Information tab to view information about connections to the cluster.The following information is displayed.
- API Server Public Endpoint: the IP address and port that the Kubernetes API server uses to provide services
over the Internet. It allows you to manage the cluster by using kubectl or other tools
on the client.
Bind EIP and Unbind EIP: These options are available to only managed Kubernetes clusters.
- Bind EIP: You can select an existing EIP or create one.
The API server restarts after you bind an EIP to it. We recommend that you do not perform operations on the cluster during the restart process.
- Unbind EIP: You cannot access the API server over the Internet after you unbind the
The API server restarts after you unbind the EIP from it. We recommend that you do not perform operations on the cluster during the restart process.
- Bind EIP: You can select an existing EIP or create one.
- API Server Internal Endpoint: the IP address and port that the Kubernetes API server uses to provide services within the cluster.
- Testing Domain: the domain name that is used for service testing. The suffix of the domain name
<cluster_id>.<region_id>.alicontainer.com.Note To rebind the domain name, click Rebind Domain Name.
- API Server Public Endpoint: the IP address and port that the Kubernetes API server uses to provide services over the Internet. It allows you to manage the cluster by using kubectl or other tools on the client.
- You can use kubectl to connect to the cluster and run the
kubectl get nodecommand to query information about the nodes in the cluster. For more information, see Use kubectl to connect to an ACK cluster.