Providing reliable online service inside China is crucial to foreign companies entering the China market. Addressing packet loss and latency over unreliable public Internet is a big challenge.
Fulfilling local regulatory requirements is another key requirement. Government regulation in China mandates publishing web-based service with a top-level domain name that either has ICP filing (for non-commercial web services) or ICP license (for commercial web services) approved by Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT). Obtaining ICP approval for an existing top-level domain name registered outside of China can be very difficult. It's often easier to register a new domain name instead and get ICP approval. But using a different domain name to publishing service would require modification to the existing service to ensure all URLs are consistent with the new domain name, which can be challenging as well.
The general solution presented in this document helps customers to:
The main components of the solution are:
You can have more details on A General Solution for Publishing Web-Based Services Hosted Overseas in China
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This tutorial shows you how to configure a Server Load Balancer for ECS instances created by using Alibaba Cloud's Starter Package service.
It is critical to note that if you choose to host in Asia, Mainland China, you need to complete the real-name verification and apply for an Internet Content Provider (ICP) license.
Real-name verification and ICP license are not required for instances launched in Hong Kong or any other region outside Mainland China. After you create an instance, you cannot change its region and zone.
If you are creating multiple instances for an application that requires lower network latency, it is recommended to create the instances in the same zone. Additionally, if your application demands higher provisions for disaster recovery, it is recommended to create the instances in different zones of one region. Take note that if you don't specify a zone, the instance will be put in a Random zone for the selected region.
Moving ahead, you can choose your preferred operating system from the array of options available
By default, the basic version of the Server Guard is selected and it is recommended that you leave the option selected. It's a free built-in security feature that provides Trojan detection, abnormal login warnings, brute-force blocking and cracking interception.
Furthermore, the ECS supports both, automatic renewal and manual renewal. By default, auto-renew is pre-selected to ensure that your ECS instance gets automatically renewed at the same discounted price until you cancel it.
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So once the host is selected you need a licence. There are two types: an ICP filing and an ICP licence. It is hard to pin down an exact definition but broadly speaking you will need an ‘ICP filing' to show any content and as soon as you add transactions (a payment gateway for example) then you will need to upgrade to an ‘ICP licence'. Either way the ICP filing is a must.
This can all be done online via an interface in the Alibaba Cloud portal. It needs to be completed in Chinese and you will need your aforementioned company registration documents to complete the process. The exact process and rules vary from province to province but it is broadly similar.
To apply you will need a Chinese speaker, someone on the ground in China with a local telephone number during the process, a host (Alibaba Cloud) with the real name registration process completed (simply uploading your company docs), and you will also need a public IP on a Chinese server available for them to check during the process (you should not put any content on this server whilst doing the ICP filing).
Alibaba Cloud: A Gateway to China
In this article, you can learn how Alibaba Cloud is strategically positioned as your cloud provider in China especially now having partnered with Xebia.
Using a Chinese cloud provider makes the difference between success and total market failure. With dedicated fiber networks from mainland China to the rest of the world, they ensure the low-latency delivery of internet traffic unaffected by the firewall. As your first experiment in cloud, you can use Alibaba Cloud's Content Delivery Network (CDN) to cache product detail pages and images in China. These are created locally and hosted in an overseas Alibaba Cloud region such as Frankfurt. When a Chinese consumer accesses the page, its content is fetched from Frankfurt over Alibaba Cloud's unfiltered backbone, a much faster process than having the user access your website over the public internet. The content is then cached in China for subsequent page views.
Sub-second page loads ensure that no sales are lost due to technical slowness – leading to higher conversion rates and greater sales, freeing businesses to focus on core activities such as product market optimization. Worth noting here is that a different system governs online content cached or hosted within China. While not subject to the firewall, a special permit called an ICP license is required to publish online under a domain name. Obtaining such licenses can be difficult, but experienced companies can help to make the process be with considerably less hassle.
Publish a Static Website in China
Learn how to publish a static website using Alibaba Cloud services and complete the ICP process.
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Apply for ICP filing as a foreign enterprise
If an enterprise outside mainland China wants to build a website in mainland China and hosts the website on an instance located in mainland China, the enterprise needs to apply for an Internet Content Provider (ICP) filing for the website. This topic describes the ICP filing requirements for foreign enterprises.
You can apply for ICP filing in Alibaba Cloud ICP Filing System on a PC or in the Alibaba Cloud app. Before you apply for ICP filing, note the following instructions.
Alibaba Cloud Elastic Compute Service (ECS) provides fast memory and the latest Intel CPUs to help you to power your cloud applications and achieve faster results with low latency. All ECS instances come with Anti-DDoS protection to safeguard your data and applications from DDoS and Trojan attacks.
Deploy ECS instances with just a few clicks from the easy-to-use console and scale capacity up or down based on real-time demands. This means you only pay for the resources you use and avoid the need to procure expensive IT infrastructure and hire large network teams.
Alibaba Cloud Function Compute is a fully managed, event-driven compute service. Function Compute allows you to focus on writing and uploading code without having to manage infrastructure such as servers. Function Compute provides compute resources to run code flexibly and reliably. Additionally, Function Compute provides a generous amount of free resources. No fees are incurred for up to 1,000,000 invocations and 400,000 CU-second compute resources per month.
Cloud Computing Exam Preparation Course
The Cloud Computing Exam Preparation course is a series of online courses covering topics from Alibaba Cloud's ECS, SLB, OSS, RDS, Auto Scaling, Security Solutions and other general Cloud Computing technologies. It is designed to help you understand how these products work, how they should be used and help you gain the required knowledge to prepare for the ACA/ACP level Cloud Computing specialist exam.
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Learn how to obtain an ICP Filing or ICP Commercial License to host your website in Mainland China.Learn More
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