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Community Blog How to Install and Configure October CMS on Alibaba Cloud ECS

How to Install and Configure October CMS on Alibaba Cloud ECS

In this tutorial, we will learn how to set up a customized backend on an Alibaba Cloud ECS instance with October CMS.

By Martin Tumusiime, Alibaba Cloud Tech Share Author. Tech Share is Alibaba Cloud's incentive program to encourage the sharing of technical knowledge and best practices within the cloud community.

October CMS is one of the most popular powerful, open source and modular Content Management System (CMS). The CMS platform is based on the Laravel PHP framework. A lot of developers love it because it saves them time and resources while trying to develop backends for their web platforms.

For the past, I have used this CMS to design a customized backend for one of our projects and I must confirm that the results were overwhelmingly great. So are you willing to get your hands on and get started using October CMS on your web project?

If yes, then this is probably the right way to deploy October CMS on your Alibaba Cloud Elastic Compute Service (ECS) server. To mention, I have gone through all the mentioned steps below and I expect everything to work out very fine for you.

Prerequisites

  • A server running on either Ubuntu 18.04 or Debian 9
  • A non root user with Sudo Privileges

Step 1: Set Up Servers

In this tutorial, we shall use the Ubuntu 18.04 or Debian 9 servers for our deployment. Setup your Ubuntu 18.04 or Debian 9 servers Instances on Alibaba Cloud.

You can also read the tutorial below just in case you need to upgrade.

Upgrade from 16.04 to 18.04

Step 2: Installing PHP and its required PHP Modules

October CMS is compatible with PHP 7.0 and above and thus all the modules and PHP version we install should at least meet the above requirement. To install the above packages, use the following command below.

sudo apt install -y php php-cli php-mysql php-zip php-json php-gd php-mbstring php-curl php-xml php-pear php-bcmath php-pdo openssl

Step 3: Installing MySQL Database Server

For production purposes, I recommend using Alibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for RDS for increased security and reliability.

To install MySQL DB on your ECS, use the following command below. (You can use the latest version as long as it's 7.0 and above)

sudo apt-get install mysql-server php7.0-mysql

You'll then be prompted to enter your MySQL password. Don't lose or forget this password as it will be needed for setting up our October CMS Database.

You can now complete the whole installation process of MySQL DB with the following commands below.

/usr/bin/mysql_secure_installation

You'll be asked to enter the MySQL password you just created. Continue with the installation process by making the following selections.

Would you like to setup VALIDATE password plugin? [Y/N] N
Change the root password? [ Y/N ] N
Remove anonymous users? [Y/N] Y
Disallow root login remotely? [Y/N] Y
Remove test database and access to it? [Y/N] Y
Reload privilege tables now? [Y/N] Y

Congratulations on setting up your MySQL Database Server.

Step 4: Create MySQL Database for October CMS

Once the database server has been set up, next, we shall need to create a database for our October CMS. This can only be done in the MySQL console. Enter the following command below to get started.

$ mysql -u root -p

Enter the MySQL password once prompted and on successfully logging in you'll be taken to the MySQL console.

Let's now create our October CMS database named 'october', You can name it anything you like. Use the commands below.

CREATE USER 'october'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'StrongPassword';
CREATE DATABASE october;
GRANT ALL ON october.* TO 'october'@'localhost' WITH GRANT OPTION;
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
QUIT

The first command creates a user named october and password 'StrongPassword' you can change it to anything you like.

Then we created our database october, granted the database all permissions required and exited.

You can test connection to the MySQL DB by:

mysql  -u OctoberCMS -p

Enter password once prompted, then use the command below to show all databases

SHOW DATABASES;

And you can quit with this command

QUIT

Step 5: Install Apache 2 Server

The next step is to install Apache 2 server on your Ubuntu 18.04 or Debian 9, use the following command below.

sudo apt -y install apache2 libapache2-mod-php unzip vim

Step 6: Configure Apache and Install October CMS

Now that you have installed your Database, PHP and Apache 2 server, our last task is to install our October CMS on our instance.

We shall do this by following the command below.

Download, UnZip and install October CMS

You can download OctoberCMS onto your server using the commands below. (the command will get you the latest version of OctoberCMS)

wget http://octobercms.com/download -O octobercms.zip

UnZip the downloaded file using the command below

unzip octobercms.zip

Then install OctoberCMS platform with the following command

sudo mv install-master /srv/octobercms

You can now set the correct permissions for /srv/octobercms

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /srv/octobercms

Next, create Apache configuration file for your October CMS

sudo vim /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/octobercms.conf

Add the following:

<VirtualHost *:80>
     DocumentRoot /srv/octobercms/
     ServerName yourwebsite.com
     ServerAlias www.yourwebsite.com
     ServerAdmin admin@yourwebsite.com
 
     <Directory /srv/octobercms/>
        Options +FollowSymlinks
        AllowOverride All
        Require all granted
     </Directory>

     ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/octobercms-error.log
     CustomLog /var/log/apache2/octobercms-access.log combined
</VirtualHost>

Then enable the Apache2 rewrite module and restart the system.

sudo a2enmod rewrite
sudo systemctl restart apache2

Step 7: Setup October CMS via Web Interface

Navigate to your browser and go to OctoberCMS server domain name
E.g https://yourwebsite.com/install.php

1. Now you'll need to ensure that every check returns a pass( which is green in this case) and Accept License Agreement. You can StackOverflow some solutions in case some modules don't pass.

1

2. On the next section, enter database details we created earlier as shown below.

2

3. Next, Enter Admin User details and click continue.

3

4. Everything is now set up, you can select to start using with a theme or from scratch.

4

The following are some of the helpful links to access your deployed OctoberCMS

Website: www.yourwebsite.com (this was my test website, it can be an IP Address or your customized server domain name)

Access Backend: www.yourwebsite.com/backend (You can log in from here as Admin )

5

Upon successfully logging in, you'll see something like below. That's Our OctoberCMS backend.

6

Enjoy OctoberCMS on your Ubuntu 18.04 or Debian 9.0.

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