This topic describes how to upload objects from memory or local disks.

Upload an object from memory

The following code provides an example on how to upload data from memory to an object named exampleobject.txt in the exampledir directory of a bucket named examplebucket:
#include <alibabacloud/oss/OssClient.h>
using namespace AlibabaCloud::OSS;

int main(void)
{
    /* Initialize the information about the account that is used to access OSS. */
    /* Security risks may arise if you use the AccessKey pair of an Alibaba Cloud account to access OSS, because the account has permissions on all API operations. We recommend that you use a RAM user to call API operations or perform routine O&M. To create a RAM user, log on to the RAM console. */
    std::string AccessKeyId = "yourAccessKeyId";
    std::string AccessKeySecret = "yourAccessKeySecret";
    /* Set yourEndpoint to the endpoint of the region in which the bucket is located. For example, if the bucket is located in the China (Hangzhou) region, set yourEndpoint to https://oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com. */
    std::string Endpoint = "yourEndpoint";
    /* Specify the name of the bucket. Example: examplebucket. */
    std::string BucketName = "examplebucket";
    /* Specify the full path of the object. The full path cannot contain the bucket name. Example: exampledir/exampleobject.txt. */
    std::string ObjectName = "exampledir/exampleobject.txt";

    /* Initialize resources such as network resources. */
    InitializeSdk();

    ClientConfiguration conf;
    OssClient client(Endpoint, AccessKeyId, AccessKeySecret, conf);
    std::shared_ptr<std::iostream> content = std::make_shared<std::stringstream>();
    *content << "Thank you for using Alibaba Cloud Object Storage Service!";
    PutObjectRequest request(BucketName, ObjectName, content);

    /* (Optional) Set the access control list (ACL) to private and the storage class to Standard for the object that you want to upload by referring to the following sample code. */
    //request.MetaData().addHeader("x-oss-object-acl", "private");
    //request.MetaData().addHeader("x-oss-storage-class", "Standard");

    /* Upload the object. */
    auto outcome = client.PutObject(request);

    if (!outcome.isSuccess()) {
        /* Handle exceptions. */
        std::cout << "PutObject fail" <<
        ",code:" << outcome.error().Code() <<
        ",message:" << outcome.error().Message() <<
        ",requestId:" << outcome.error().RequestId() << std::endl;
        ShutdownSdk();
        return -1;
    }

    /* Release resources such as network resources. */
    ShutdownSdk();
    return 0;
}

Upload a local file

The following code provides an example on how to upload a file named examplefile.txt from a directory named D:\\localpath on the local disk to the exampledir directory of a bucket named examplebucket. The uploaded file is stored as an object named exampleobject.txt in OSS.

#include <alibabacloud/oss/OssClient.h>
#include <fstream>
using namespace AlibabaCloud::OSS;

int main(void)
{
    /* Initialize the information about the account that is used to access OSS. */
    /* Security risks may arise if you use the AccessKey pair of an Alibaba Cloud account to access OSS, because the account has permissions on all API operations. We recommend that you use a RAM user to call API operations or perform routine O&M. To create a RAM user, log on to the RAM console. */
    std::string AccessKeyId = "yourAccessKeyId";
    std::string AccessKeySecret = "yourAccessKeySecret";
    /* Set yourEndpoint to the endpoint of the region in which the bucket is located. For example, if the bucket is located in the China (Hangzhou) region, set yourEndpoint to https://oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com. */
    std::string Endpoint = "yourEndpoint";
    /* Specify the name of the bucket. Example: examplebucket. */
    std::string BucketName = "examplebucket";
    /* Specify the full path of the object. The full path cannot contain the bucket name. Example: exampledir/exampleobject.txt. */
    std::string ObjectName = "exampledir/exampleobject.txt";

    /* Initialize resources such as network resources. */
    InitializeSdk();

    ClientConfiguration conf;
    OssClient client(Endpoint, AccessKeyId, AccessKeySecret, conf);
    /* Specify the full path of the local file that you want to upload, for example, D:\\localpath\\examplefile.txt. In D:\\localpath\\examplefile.txt, localpath indicates the local path in which the file is stored. */
    std::shared_ptr<std::iostream> content = std::make_shared<std::fstream>("D:\\localpath\\examplefile.txt", std::ios::in | std::ios::binary);
    PutObjectRequest request(BucketName, ObjectName, content);

    /* (Optional) Set the ACL to private and the storage class to Standard for the object that you want to upload by referring to the following sample code. */
    //request.MetaData().addHeader("x-oss-object-acl", "private");
    //request.MetaData().addHeader("x-oss-storage-class", "Standard");

    auto outcome = client.PutObject(request);

    if (!outcome.isSuccess()) {
            /* Handle exceptions. */
            std::cout << "PutObject fail" <<
        ",code:" << outcome.error().Code() <<
        ",message:" << outcome.error().Message() <<
        ",requestId:" << outcome.error().RequestId() << std::endl;
            ShutdownSdk();
            return -1;
    }

    /* Release resources such as network resources. */
    ShutdownSdk();
        return 0;
}

References

  • For more information about the complete sample code for simple upload, visit GitHub.
  • For more information about the API operation that you can call to perform simple upload, see PutObject.