Lists the information about all objects in a bucket.

Usage notes

  • The GetBucket (ListObjects) operation has been updated to GetBucketV2 (ListObjectsV2). We recommend that you use GetBucketV2 (ListObjectsV2) when you develop your applications. To provide backward compatibility, Object Storage Service (OSS) continues to support the GetBucket (ListObjects) operation. For more information about GetBucketV2 (ListObjectsV2), see GetBucketV2 (ListObjectsV2).
  • The user metadata of objects is not returned for GetBucket (ListObjects) requests.

Request syntax

GET / HTTP/1.1
Host: BucketName.oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com
Date: GMT Date
Authorization: SignatureValue

Request headers

A GetBucket (ListObjects) request contains only common request headers such as Authorization and Host. For more information, see Common request headers.

Request parameters

Parameter Type Required Example Description
delimiter String No / The character that is used to group objects by name. If you specify the delimiter parameter in the request, the response contains the CommonPrefixes element. Objects whose names contain the same string from the prefix to the next occurrence of the delimiter are grouped as a single result element in CommonPrefixes.

This parameter is empty by default.

marker String No test1.txt The name of the object after which the list begins. If this parameter is specified, objects whose names are alphabetically greater than the marker value are returned.

The marker parameter is used to list the returned objects by page, and the marker value must be smaller than 1,024 bytes in length.

Even if the specified marker does not exist in the list during a conditional query, the list starts from the object whose name is alphabetically greater than the marker value.

This parameter is empty by default.

max-keys String No 200 The maximum number of objects to return. If the list operation cannot be complete at a time because max-keys is specified, the NextMarker element is included in the response as the marker for the next list operation.

Valid values: 1 to 1000

Default value: 100

prefix String No fun The prefix that the names of the returned objects must contain.
  • The prefix value must be smaller than 1,024 bytes in length.
  • If you specify a prefix to query objects, the names of the returned objects still contain the prefix.

If prefix is set to a directory name in the request, the objects whose names contain this prefix are listed, which includes all objects and subdirectories in the directory.

If prefix is specified and delimiter is set to a forward slash (/), only objects in the directory are listed. The names of the subdirectories within the directory are returned in the CommonPrefixes element. However, objects and directories within the subdirectories are not listed.

For example, a bucket contains the following three objects: fun/test.jpg, fun/movie/001.avi, and fun/movie/007.avi. If prefix is set to fun/, the three objects are returned. If prefix is set to fun/ and delimiter is set to a forward slash (/), fun/test.jpg and fun/movie/ are returned.

This parameter is empty by default.

encoding-type String No URL The encoding type of the object name in the response.

This parameter is empty by default.

Valid value: URL

Notice The delimiter, marker, prefix, NextMarker, and Key values are UTF-8 encoded. If the delimiter, marker, prefix, NextMarker, or Key value contains a control character that is not supported by the XML 1.0 standard, you can specify encoding-type to encode the value in the response.

Response elements

Element Type Example Description
Contents Container N/A The container that stores the returned object metadata.

Parent nodes: ListBucketResult

CommonPrefixes String N/A If the delimiter parameter is specified in the request, the response contains the CommonPrefixes element. Objects whose names contain the same string from the prefix to the next occurrence of the delimiter are grouped as a single result element in CommonPrefixes.

Parent nodes: ListBucketResult

Delimiter String / The character that is used to group objects by name. Objects whose names contain the same string from the prefix to the next occurrence of the delimiter are grouped as a single result element in CommonPrefixes.

Parent nodes: ListBucketResult

EncodingType String N/A The encoding type of the object name in the response. In addition, if you specify the encoding-type parameter in the request, the following elements in the response are encoded: Delimiter, Marker, Prefix, NextMarker, and Key.

Parent nodes: ListBucketResult

DisplayName String user_example The name of the object owner.

Parent nodes: ListBucketResult.Contents.Owner

ETag String 5B3C1A2E053D763E1B002CC607C5A0FE1**** The entity tag (ETag). An ETag is created when an object is created to identify the content of the object.
  • If an object is created by calling the PutObject operation, the ETag value of the object is the MD5 hash of the object content.
  • If an object is created by using another method, the ETag value is not the MD5 hash of the object content but a unique value calculated based on a specific rule.
  • The ETag value of an object can be used to check whether the object content is modified. However, we recommend that you use the MD5 hash of an object rather than the ETag value of the object to verify data integrity.

Parent nodes: ListBucketResult.Contents

ID String 0022012**** The user ID of the bucket owner.

Parent nodes: ListBucketResult.Contents.Owner

IsTruncated Enumerated string false Indicates whether the returned results are truncated.
Valid values: true and false
  • true indicates that not all of the results are returned this time.
  • false indicates that all of the results are returned this time.

Parent nodes: ListBucketResult

Key String fun/test.jpg The key of the object.

Parent nodes: ListBucketResult.Contents

LastModified Time 2012-02-24T08:42:32.000Z The last modified time of the object.

Parent nodes: ListBucketResult.Contents

ListBucketResult Container N/A The container that stores the result of the GetBucket request.

Child nodes: Name, Prefix, Marker, MaxKeys, Delimiter, IsTruncated, NextMarker, and Contents

Parent nodes: none

Marker String test1.txt The name of the object after which the list operation begins.

Parent nodes: ListBucketResult

MaxKeys String 100 The maximum number of returned objects in the response.

Parent nodes: ListBucketResult

Name String oss-example The name of the bucket.

Parent nodes: ListBucketResult

Owner Container N/A The container that stores the information about the bucket owner.

Child nodes: DisplayName and ID

Parent nodes: Contents

Prefix String fun/ The prefix contained in the returned object names.

Parent nodes: ListBucketResult

Size String 344606 The size of the returned object. Unit: bytes.

Parent nodes: ListBucketResult.Contents

StorageClass String Standard The storage class of the object.

Parent nodes: ListBucketResult.Contents

RestoreInfo String ongoing-request="true" The restoration status of the object.
  • If no RestoreObject requests are sent or the requests expire, this field is not included in the response.
  • If a RestoreObject request is sent and the object is still being restored, the returned RestoreInfo value is ongoing-request="true".
  • If a RestoreObject request is sent and the object is restored, the returned RestoreInfo value is in the following format: ongoing-request="false”, expiry-date="Thr, 24 Mon 2020 12:40:33 GMT". In this returned RestoreInfo value, the expiry-date field indicates the time before which the restored object can be read.

For more information about the common response headers such as x-oss-request-id and Content-Type contained in the response to a GetBucket (ListObjects) request, see Common response headers.

Examples

  • Sample requests for simple GetBucket (ListObjects) operations
    GET / HTTP/1.1
    Host: examplebucket.oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com
    Date: Fri, 24 Feb 2012 08:43:27 GMT
    Authorization: OSS qn6qrrqxo2oawuk53otfjbyc:BC+oQIXVR2/ZghT7cGa0ykbo****

    Sample responses

    HTTP/1.1 200 OK
    x-oss-request-id: 534B371674E88A4D8906****
    Date: Fri, 24 Feb 2012 08:43:27 GMT
    Content-Type: application/xml
    Content-Length: 1866
    Connection: keep-alive
    Server: AliyunOSS
    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
    <ListBucketResult xmlns="http://doc.oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com">
    <Name>examplebucket</Name>
    <Prefix></Prefix>
    <Marker></Marker>
    <MaxKeys>100</MaxKeys>
    <Delimiter></Delimiter>
    <IsTruncated>false</IsTruncated>
    <Contents>
          <Key>fun/movie/001.avi</Key>
          <LastModified>2012-02-24T08:43:07.000Z</LastModified>
          <ETag>"5B3C1A2E053D763E1B002CC607C5A0FE1****"</ETag>
          <Type>Normal</Type>
          <Size>344606</Size>
          <StorageClass>Standard</StorageClass>
          <Owner>
              <ID>0022012****</ID>
              <DisplayName>user-example</DisplayName>
          </Owner>
    </Contents>
    <Contents>
          <Key>fun/movie/007.avi</Key>
          <LastModified>2012-02-24T08:43:27.000Z</LastModified>
          <ETag>"5B3C1A2E053D763E1B002CC607C5A0FE1****"</ETag>
          <Type>Normal</Type>
          <Size>344606</Size>
          <StorageClass>Standard</StorageClass>
          <Owner>
              <ID>0022012****</ID>
              <DisplayName>user-example</DisplayName>
          </Owner>
    </Contents>
    <Contents>
          <Key>fun/test.jpg</Key>
          <LastModified>2012-02-24T08:42:32.000Z</LastModified>
          <ETag>"5B3C1A2E053D763E1B002CC607C5A0FE1****"</ETag>
          <Type>Normal</Type>
          <Size>344606</Size>
          <StorageClass>Standard</StorageClass>
          <Owner>
              <ID>0022012****</ID>
              <DisplayName>user-example</DisplayName>
          </Owner>
    </Contents>
    <Contents>
          <Key>oss.jpg</Key>
          <LastModified>2012-02-24T06:07:48.000Z</LastModified>
          <ETag>"5B3C1A2E053D763E1B002CC607C5A0FE1****"</ETag>
          <Type>Normal</Type>
          <Size>344606</Size>
          <StorageClass>Standard</StorageClass>
          <Owner>
              <ID>0022012****</ID>
              <DisplayName>user-example</DisplayName>
          </Owner>
    </Contents>
    </ListBucketResult>
  • Sample requests that have the prefix parameter specified
    GET /?prefix=fun HTTP/1.1
    Host: examplebucket.oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com
    Date: Fri, 24 Feb 2012 08:43:27 GMT
    Authorization: OSS qn6qrrqxo2oawuk53otfjbyc:BC+oQIXVR2/ZghT7cGa0ykbo****

    Sample responses

    HTTP/1.1 200 OK
    x-oss-request-id: 534B371674E88A4D8906****
    Date: Fri, 24 Feb 2012 08:43:27 GMT
    Content-Type: application/xml
    Content-Length: 1464
    Connection: keep-alive
    Server: AliyunOSS
    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
    <ListBucketResult xmlns="http://doc.oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com">
    <Name>examplebucket</Name>
    <Prefix>fun</Prefix>
    <Marker></Marker>
    <MaxKeys>100</MaxKeys>
    <Delimiter></Delimiter>
    <IsTruncated>false</IsTruncated>
    <Contents>
          <Key>fun/movie/001.avi</Key>
          <LastModified>2012-02-24T08:43:07.000Z</LastModified>
          <ETag>"5B3C1A2E053D763E1B002CC607C5A0FE1****"</ETag>
          <Type>Normal</Type>
          <Size>344606</Size>
          <StorageClass>Standard</StorageClass>
          <Owner>
              <ID>0022012****</ID>
              <DisplayName>user_example</DisplayName>
          </Owner>
    </Contents>
    <Contents>
          <Key>fun/movie/007.avi</Key>
          <LastModified>2012-02-24T08:43:27.000Z</LastModified>
          <ETag>"5B3C1A2E053D763E1B002CC607C5A0FE1****"</ETag>
          <Type>Normal</Type>
          <Size>344606</Size>
          <StorageClass>Standard</StorageClass>
          <Owner>
              <ID>0022012****</ID>
              <DisplayName>user_example</DisplayName>
          </Owner>
    </Contents>
    <Contents>
          <Key>fun/test.jpg</Key>
          <LastModified>2012-02-24T08:42:32.000Z</LastModified>
          <ETag>"5B3C1A2E053D763E1B002CC607C5A0FE1****"</ETag>
          <Type>Normal</Type>
          <Size>344606</Size>
          <StorageClass>Standard</StorageClass>
          <Owner>
              <ID>0022012****</ID>
              <DisplayName>user_example</DisplayName>
          </Owner>
    </Contents>
    </ListBucketResult>
  • Sample requests that have the prefix and delimiter parameters specified
    GET /?prefix=fun/&delimiter=/ HTTP/1.1
    Host: examplebucket.oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com
    Date: Fri, 24 Feb 2012 08:43:27 GMT
    Authorization: OSS qn6qrrqxo2oawuk53otfjbyc:DNrnx7xHk3sgysx7I8U9I9IY****

    Sample responses

    HTTP/1.1 200 OK
    x-oss-request-id: 534B371674E88A4D8906****
    Date: Fri, 24 Feb 2012 08:43:27 GMT
    Content-Type: application/xml
    Content-Length: 712
    Connection: keep-alive
    Server: AliyunOSS
    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
    <ListBucketResult xmlns="http://doc.oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com">
    <Name>examplebucket</Name>
    <Prefix>fun/</Prefix>
    <Marker></Marker>
    <MaxKeys>100</MaxKeys>
    <Delimiter>/</Delimiter>
    <IsTruncated>false</IsTruncated>
    <Contents>
          <Key>fun/test.jpg</Key>
          <LastModified>2012-02-24T08:42:32.000Z</LastModified>
          <ETag>"5B3C1A2E053D763E1B002CC607C5A0FE1****"</ETag>
          <Type>Normal</Type>
          <Size>344606</Size>
          <StorageClass>Standard</StorageClass>
          <Owner>
              <ID>0022012****</ID>
              <DisplayName>user_example</DisplayName>
          </Owner>
    </Contents>
    <CommonPrefixes>
          <Prefix>fun/movie/</Prefix>
    </CommonPrefixes>
    </ListBucketResult>
  • Sample requests that have the marker parameter specified

    In this example, the max-keys parameter is set to 2, which indicates that the maximum number of objects to return is 2.

    GET /?max-keys=2&marker=test1.txt HTTP/1.1
    Host: examplebucket.oss-cn-shenzhen.aliyuncs.com
    Accept-Encoding: identity
    Accept: */*
    Connection: keep-alive
    User-Agent: aliyun-sdk-python/2.11.0(Darwin/18.2.0/x86_64;3.4.1)
    date: Tue, 26 May 2020 08:39:48 GMT
    authorization: OSS LTAIB1VW9xxxxxxx:MmY11jLlO8UlAqjqHK3Ckp****

    Sample responses

    The NextMarker parameter in the response indicates the marker for the next list operation.

    HTTP/1.1 200 OK
    Server: AliyunOSS
    Date: Tue, 26 May 2020 08:39:48 GMT
    Content-Type: application/xml
    Content-Length: 1032
    Connection: keep-alive
    x-oss-request-id: 5ECCD5D4881816373582xxx
    x-oss-server-time: 3
    
    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
    <ListBucketResult>
      <Name>examplebucket</Name>
      <Prefix></Prefix>
      <Marker>test1.txt</Marker>
      <MaxKeys>2</MaxKeys>
      <Delimiter></Delimiter>
      <EncodingType>url</EncodingType>
      <IsTruncated>true</IsTruncated>
      <NextMarker>test100.txt</NextMarker>
      <Contents>
        <Key>test10.txt</Key>
        <LastModified>2020-05-26T07:50:18.000Z</LastModified>
        <ETag>"C4CA4238A0B923820DCC509A6F75****"</ETag>
        <Type>Normal</Type>
        <Size>1</Size>
        <StorageClass>Standard</StorageClass>
        <Owner>
          <ID>1305433xxx</ID>
          <DisplayName>1305433xxx</DisplayName>
        </Owner>
      </Contents>
      <Contents>
        <Key>test100.txt</Key>
        <LastModified>2020-05-26T07:50:20.000Z</LastModified>
        <ETag>"C4CA4238A0B923820DCC509A6F75****"</ETag>
        <Type>Normal</Type>
        <Size>1</Size>
        <StorageClass>Standard</StorageClass>
        <Owner>
          <ID>1305433xxx</ID>
          <DisplayName>1305433xxx</DisplayName>
        </Owner>
      </Contents>
    </ListBucketResult>
  • Sample requests that are sent to list all objects including Archive or Cold Archive objects in a bucket
    In this example,the examplebucket bucket contains the following three Cold Archive objects: exampleobject1.txt, exampleobject2.txt, and exampleobject3.txt. The three objects are in the following different states:
    • No RestoreObject requests are sent to restore exampleobject1.txt or the RestoreObject requests sent to restore the object expire.
    • A RestoreObject request is sent to restore exampleobject2.txt. The object is still being restored.
    • A RestoreObject request is sent to restore exampleobject3.txt and the object is restored.

    Sample requests

    GET / HTTP/1.1
    Host: examplebucket.oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com
    Date: Fri, 24 Feb 2012 08:43:27 GMT
    Authorization: OSS qn6qrrqxo2oawuk53otfjbyc:BC+oQIXVR2/ZghT7cGa0ykbo****

    Sample responses

    HTTP/1.1 200 OK
    x-oss-request-id: 534B371674E88A4D8906****
    Date: Date: Fri, 24 Feb 2012 08:43:27 GMT
    Content-Type: application/xml
    Content-Length: 1866
    Connection: keep-alive
    Server: AliyunOSS
    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
    <ListBucketResult xmlns="http://doc.oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com">
      <Name>examplebucket</Name>
      <Prefix></Prefix>
      <Marker></Marker>
      <MaxKeys></MaxKeys>
      <Delimiter></Delimiter>
      <IsTruncated>false</IsTruncated>
      <Contents>
            <Key>exampleobject1.txt</Key>
            <LastModified>2020-06-22T11:42:32.000Z</LastModified>
            <ETag>"5B3C1A2E053D763E1B002CC607C5A0FE1****"</ETag>
            <Type>Normal</Type>
            <Size>344606</Size>
            <StorageClass>ColdArchive</StorageClass>
            <Owner>
                <ID>0022012****</ID>
                <DisplayName>user-example</DisplayName>
            </Owner>
      </Contents>
      <Contents>
            <Key>exampleobject2.txt</Key>
            <LastModified>2020-06-22T11:42:32.000Z</LastModified>
            <ETag>"5B3C1A2E053D763E1B002CC607C5A0FE1****"</ETag>
            <Type>Normal</Type>
            <Size>344606</Size>
            <StorageClass>Standard</StorageClass>
            <RestoreInfo>ongoing-request="true"</RestoreInfo>
            <Owner>
                <ID>0022012****</ID>
                <DisplayName>user-example</DisplayName>
            </Owner>
      </Contents>
      <Contents>
            <Key>exampleobject3.txt</Key>
            <LastModified>2020-06-22T11:42:32.000Z</LastModified>
            <ETag>"5B3C1A2E053D763E1B002CC607C5A0FE1****"</ETag>
            <Type>Normal</Type>
            <Size>344606</Size>
            <StorageClass>Standard</StorageClass>
            <RestoreInfo>ongoing-request="false", expiry-date="Thr, 24 Mon 2020 12:40:33 GMT"</RestoreInfo>
            <Owner>
                <ID>0022012****</ID>
                <DisplayName>user-example</DisplayName>
            </Owner>
      </Contents>
    </ListBucketResult>

SDK

You can use OSS SDKs for the following programming languages to call the GetBucket (ListObjects) operation:

Error codes

Error code HTTP status code Description
NoSuchBucket 404 The error message returned because the requested bucket does not exist. Check whether the name of the requested bucket complies with the naming rules.
AccessDenied 403 The error message returned because you are not authorized to access the bucket. Only the bucket owner and RAM users who are granted the oss:ListObjects permission can access the bucket.
InvalidArgument 400
  • The error message returned because the max-keys value is less than 0 or greater than 1,000.
  • The error message returned because the length of the prefix, marker, or delimiter value is invalid.