This topic describes the context object that is involved when you use the Python runtime in Function Compute to write code. This topic also provides the sample code for the context object.

What is context?

When Function Compute runs a function, the system passes a context object to the method that is used to execute the function. The object contains the information about the invocation, service, function, tracing analysis, and execution environment.

You can use the context object as an input parameter for event handlers and HTTP handlers. The format and content of the context input parameter for event handlers and HTTP handlers are the same. The following table describes the parameters that are supported by the context object.
Field Type Description
request_id String

The unique ID of the request that is used to invoke the function. You can record the ID for troubleshooting if an error occurs.

credentials Credentials structure, which consists of the following fields:
  • access_key_id
  • access_key_secret
  • security_token

The temporary AccessKey pair that Function Compute obtains by assuming your service-linked role. The temporary AccessKey pair is valid for 36 hours. You can use credentials in your code to access related services such as Object Storage Service (OSS). This way, you can access the services without the need to write your AccessKey pair in the function code. For more information, see Grant permissions across Alibaba Cloud accounts by using a RAM role.

function FunctionMeta structure, which contains the following fields:
  • name
  • handler
  • memory
  • timeout

The basic information about the invoked function, such as the name, handler, memory, and timeout period of the function.

service ServiceMeta structure, which contains the following fields:
  • name
  • log_project
  • log_store
  • qualifier
  • version_id

The information about the service to which the function belongs, such as the name, the related project and Logstore in Log Service, the version, and the alias of the service. The qualifier parameter indicates the version or alias of the service that is specified when you invoke a function. The version_id parameter indicates the version of the service that is actually invoked.

region String

The ID of the region in which the function is invoked. For example, if the function is invoked in the China (Shanghai) region, the region ID is cn-shanghai. For more information, see Endpoints.

account_id String

The ID of the Alibaba Cloud account to which the function belongs.

tracing Tracing structure, which contains the following fields:
  • span_context
  • jaeger_endpoint
  • span_baggages
  • parseOpenTracingBaggages

The parameters related to Tracing Analysis. For more information, see Overview.

The following sample code is used as an example to describe the context object.

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

import json

class Credentials:
    def __init__(self, access_key_id, access_key_secret, security_token):
        self.access_key_id = access_key_id
        self.access_key_secret = access_key_secret
        self.security_token = security_token

class ServiceMeta:
    def __init__(self, service_name, log_project, log_store, qualifier, version_id): = service_name
        self.log_project = log_project
        self.log_store = log_store
        self.qualifier = qualifier
        self.version_id = version_id

class Tracing:
    def __init__(self, span_context, base64_baggages, jaeger_endpoint):
        self.span_context = span_context
        self.jaeger_endpoint = jaeger_endpoint
        self.span_baggages = self.parseOpenTracingBaggages(base64_baggages)

    def parseOpenTracingBaggages(self, base64_baggages):
        span_baggages = {}
        # None || '' returns false
        if base64_baggages:
                import base64
                str_baggages = base64.b64decode(base64_baggages)
                span_baggages = json.loads(str_baggages)
            except Exception as e:
                import logging
                fc_sys_logger = logging.getLogger('fc_sys_logger')
                fc_sys_logger.error('Failed to parse base64 opentracing baggages:[{}], err: {}'.format(base64_baggages, e))
        return span_baggages

class FunctionMeta:
    def __init__(self, name, handler, memory, timeout): = name
        self.handler = handler
        self.memory = memory
        self.timeout = timeout

class FCContext:
    def __init__(self, account_id, request_id, credentials, function_meta, service_meta, region, tracing):
        self.credentials = credentials
        self.function = function_meta
        self.request_id = request_id
        self.service = service_meta
        self.region = region
        self.account_id = account_id
        self.tracing = tracing

Sample code for using an HTTP handler

For more information about how to use the context object, see Example 2: Read and write OSS resources by using a temporary AccessKey pair in a secure manner.