Creates a snapshot for a disk.

Description

The local snapshot feature is replaced by the instant access feature.

  • If you have used the local snapshot feature before December 14, 2020, you can use the Category or InstantAccess parameter normally. Take note of the following items:
    • The Category and InstantAccess parameters cannot be specified at the same time.
    • If neither of the Category and InstantAccess parameters is specified, normal snapshots are created.
  • If you have not used the local snapshot feature before December 14, 2020, you can use the InstantAccess parameter and cannot use the Category parameter.

In the following scenarios, you cannot create snapshots for a disk:

  • The number of manual snapshots of the disk has reached 256.
  • A snapshot is being created for the disk.
  • The Elastic Compute Service (ECS) instance to which the disk is attached has never been started.
  • The instance to which the disk is attached is not in the Stopped (Stopped) or Running (Running) state.
  • If the response contains {"OperationLocks": {"LockReason" : "security"}} when you query the information of the instance, the instance is locked for security reasons and all operations are prohibited on it.

When you create a snapshot, take note of the following items:

  • If a snapshot is being created, you cannot use this snapshot to create a custom image by calling the CreateImage operation.
  • When a snapshot is being created for a disk that is attached to an instance, do not change the instance state.
  • You can create snapshots for a disk that is in the Expired (Expired) state. If the release time scheduled for a disk arrives when a snapshot is being created for the disk, the snapshot is in the Creating (Creating) state and is deleted when the disk is released.

Debugging

OpenAPI Explorer automatically calculates the signature value. For your convenience, we recommend that you call this operation in OpenAPI Explorer. OpenAPI Explorer dynamically generates the sample code of the operation for different SDKs.

Request parameters

Parameter Type Required Example Description
Action String Yes CreateSnapshot

The operation that you want to perform. Set the value to CreateSnapshot.

DiskId String Yes d-bp1s5fnvk4gn2tws0****

The ID of the disk.

SnapshotName String No testSnapshotName

The name of the snapshot. The name must be 2 to 128 characters in length. It must start with a letter and cannot start with http:// or https://. It can contain letters, digits, colons (:), underscores (_), and hyphens (-).

It cannot start with auto because snapshots whose names start with auto are recognized as automatic snapshots.

Description String No testDescription

The description of the snapshot. The description must be 2 to 256 characters in length and cannot start with http:// or https://.

This parameter is empty by default.

RetentionDays Integer No 30

The retention period of the snapshot. Valid values: 1 to 65536. Unit: days. The snapshot is automatically released when the retention period expires.

This parameter is empty by default, which indicates that the snapshot is not automatically released.

Category String No Standard

The type of the snapshot. Valid values:

  • Standard: normal snapshot
  • Flash: local snapshot
Note This parameter will be removed in the future. We recommend that you use the InstantAccess parameter to ensure future compatibility. This parameter and the InstantAccess parameter cannot be specified at the same time. For more information, see the "Description" section in this topic.
ClientToken String No 123e4567-e89b-12d3-a456-426655440000

The client token that is used to ensure the idempotence of the request. You can use the client to generate the value, but you must make sure that it is unique among different requests. The ClientToken value can contain only ASCII characters and cannot exceed 64 characters in length. For more information, see How to ensure idempotence.

ResourceGroupId String No rg-bp67acfmxazb4p****

The ID of the resource group to which to assign the snapshot.

InstantAccess Boolean No false

Specifies whether to enable the instant access feature. Valid values:

  • true: enables the instant access feature. This feature can be enabled only for enhanced SSDs (ESSDs).
    Note After the instant access feature is enabled, the snapshot can be used to roll back disks or create disks across zones even when the snapshot is being created. This feature ensures instant access to a new snapshot for an ESSD regardless of the ESSD size.
  • false: does not enable the instant access feature. If InstantAccess is set to false, a normal snapshot is created.

Default value: false.

Note This parameter and the Category parameter cannot be specified at the same time. For more information, see the "Description" section in this topic.
InstantAccessRetentionDays Integer No 1

The validity period of the instant access feature. When the validity period ends, the feature is disabled and the instant access (IA) snapshot is automatically released. This parameter takes effect only when InstantAccess is set to true. Unit: days. Valid values: 1 to 65535.

By default, the value of this parameter is the same as that of RetentionDays.

Tag.N.key String No null

The key of tag N to add to the snapshot.

Note This parameter will be removed in the future. We recommend that you use the Tag.N.Key parameter to ensure future compatibility.
Tag.N.Key String No TestKey

The key of tag N to add to the snapshot. Valid values of N: 1 to 20. The tag key cannot be an empty string. The tag key can be up to 128 characters in length and cannot start with acs: or aliyun. It cannot contain http:// or https://.

Tag.N.Value String No TestValue

The value of tag N to add to the snapshot. Valid values of N: 1 to 20. The tag value can be an empty string. It can be up to 128 characters in length and cannot start with acs: or contain http:// or https://.

Tag.N.value String No null

The value of tag N to add to the snapshot.

Note This parameter will be removed in the future. We recommend that you use the Tag.N.Value parameter to ensure future compatibility.

Response parameters

Parameter Type Example Description
SnapshotId String s-bp17441ohwka0yuh****

The ID of the snapshot.

RequestId String 473469C7-AA6F-4DC5-B3DB-A3DC0DE3C83E

The ID of the request.

Examples

Sample requests

https://ecs.aliyuncs.com/?Action=CreateSnapshot
&DiskId=d-bp1s5fnvk4gn2tws0****
&SnapshotName=testSnapshotName
&Description=testDescription
&ClientToken=123e4567-e89b-12d3-a456-426655440000
&Tag.1.Key=TestKey
&Tag.1.Value=TestValue
&<Common request parameters>

Sample success responses

XML format

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Content-Type:application/xml

<CreateSnapshotResponse>
        <RequestId>C8B26B44-0189-443E-9816-D951F59623A9</RequestId>
        <SnapshotId>s-bp17441ohwka0yuh****</SnapshotId>
</CreateSnapshotResponse>

JSON format

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Content-Type:application/json

{
  "RequestId" : "C8B26B44-0189-443E-9816-D951F59623A9",
  "SnapshotId" : "s-bp17441ohwka0yuh****"
}

Error codes

HTTP status code Error code Error message Description
400 InvalidParameter.KMSKeyId.NotFound The specified KMSKeyId does not exist. The error message returned because the specified KMSKeyId parameter does not exist.
400 InvalidSnapshotName.Malformed The specified SnapshotName is wrongly formed. The error message returned because the specified SnapshotName parameter is invalid.
400 IncorrectInstanceStatus The current status of the resource does not support this operation. The error message returned because the operation is not supported while the resource is in the current state.
400 DiskCategory.OperationNotSupported The operation is not supported to the specified disk due to its disk category The error message returned because the specified disk category does not support this operation.
400 Duplicate.TagKey The Tag.N.Key contain duplicate key. The error message returned because the specified tag key already exists. Tag keys must be unique.
400 InvalidTagKey.Malformed The specified Tag.n.Key is not valid. The error message returned because the specified Tag.N.Key parameter is invalid.
400 InvalidTagValue.Malformed The specified Tag.n.Value is not valid. The error message returned because the specified Tag.N.Value parameter is invalid.
400 InvalidRetentionDays.Malformed The specified RetentionDays is not valid. The error message returned because the specified RetentionDays parameter is invalid.
403 Throttling Request was denied due to user flow control. The error message returned because your request is throttled. Try again later.
403 IncorrectDiskStatus.CreatingSnapshot A previous snapshot creation is in process. The error message returned because another snapshot is being created for the disk. Wait until the snapshot is created and try again.
403 InstanceLockedForSecurity The disk attached instance is locked due to security. The error message returned because the instance to which the disk is attached is locked for security reasons.
403 IncorrectDiskStatus.NeverAttached The specified disk has never been attached to any instance. The error message returned because the removable disk has never been attached to instances and its data remains unchanged.
403 QuotaExceed.Snapshot The snapshot quota exceeds. The error message returned because the maximum number of snapshots has been reached. To create new snapshots, delete snapshots that are no longer needed.
403 IncorrectDiskStatus.NeverUsed The specified disk has never been used after creating. The error message returned because the specified disk has never been used and its data remains unchanged.
403 CreateSnapshot.Failed The process of creating snapshot is failed. The error message returned because the snapshot cannot be created.
403 DiskInArrears The specified operation is denied as your disk has expired. The error message returned because the disk has expired due to an overdue payment.
403 DiskId.ValueNotSupported The specified parameter diskid is not supported. The error message returned because the category of the specified Elastic Block Storage (EBS) device does not support this operation.
403 IncorrectDiskStatus The current disk status does not support this operation. The error message returned because the operation is not supported while the disk is in the current state. Make sure that the disk is usable and you have no overdue payments for it.
403 InvalidAccountStatus.NotEnoughBalance Your account does not have enough balance. The error message returned because your account balance is insufficient. Add funds to your account and try again.
403 InvalidAccountStatus.SnapshotServiceUnavailable Snapshot service has not been opened yet. The error message returned because the operation is not supported while the snapshot service is not activated.
403 IncorrectVolumeStatus The current volume status does not support this operation. The error message returned because the operation is not supported while the Shared Block Storage device is in the current state.
403 IdempotentParameterMismatch The specified clientToken is used. The error message returned because the specified client token is already in use.
403 IncorrectDiskType.NotSupport The specified device type is not supported. The error message returned because the specified disk type does not support the operation.
403 IncorrectDiskStatus.Transferring The specified device is transferring, you can retry after the process is finished. The error message returned because the specified disk is being migrated. Wait until the disk is migrated and try again.
403 InvalidParameter.KMSKeyId.CMKNotEnabled The CMK needs to be enabled. The error message returned because the customer master key (CMK) is not enabled when a Key Management Service (KMS) key ID is specified for a disk. You can call the DescribeKey operation of KMS to query the information of the specified CMK.
403 InvalidParameter.KMSKeyId.KMSUnauthorized ECS service have no right to access your KMS. The error message returned because ECS is not authorized to access KMS resources.
403 IdempotentProcessing The previous idempotent request(s) is still processing. The error message returned because a previous idempotent request is being processed. Try again later.
403 QuotaExceed.Tags %s The error message returned because the number of specified tags exceeds the upper limit. %s is a variable. An error message is dynamically returned based on call conditions.
403 InvalidSnapshotCategory.Malformed The specified Category is not valid. The error message returned because the specified Category parameter is invalid.
403 IncorrectDiskStatus.Invalid The specified disk status invalid, restart instance and try again. The error message returned because the state of the specified disk is invalid. Restart the instance and try again.
404 InvalidDiskId.NotFound The specified DiskId does not exist. The error message returned because the specified disk does not exist. Check whether the disk ID is correct.
404 InvalidDescription.Malformed The specified description is wrongly formed. The error message returned because the specified Description parameter is invalid. The description must be 2 to 256 characters in length and cannot start with http:// or https://.
404 InvalidInstanceId.NotFound The specified InstanceId does not exist. The error message returned because the specified instance ID does not exist. Check whether the instance ID is correct.
404 InvalidVolumeId.NotFound The specified volume does not exist. The error message returned because the specified Shared Block Storage device does not exist. Check whether the Shared Block Storage device ID is correct.
500 InternalError The request processing has failed due to some unknown error. The error message returned because an internal error has occurred. Try again later. If the error persists, submit a ticket.
500 InternalError The request processing has failed due to some unknown error, exception or failure. The error message returned because an internal error has occurred. Try again later. If the error persists, submit a ticket.

For a list of error codes, visit the API Error Center.