You can call ECS API operations by sending HTTP or HTTPS GET requests based on URLs. Each URL must include request parameters. This topic describes the syntax of HTTP or HTTPS GET requests and provides the endpoints of ECS API.

Sample request

The following example show an unencoded URL request to call the CreateSnapshot operation:

https://ecs.aliyuncs.com/?Action=CreateSnapshot
&DiskId=d-28m5zbu****
&<Common request parameters>
  • https specifies the protocol for transmitting the request.
  • ecs.aliyuncs.com specifies the endpoint of ECS.
  • Action=CreateSnapshot specifies the API operation to call. DiskId=d-28m5zbu**** is a request parameter for CreateSnapshot.
  • <Common request parameters> are common parameters defined in the system.

Protocols

You can send requests over HTTP or HTTPS. For a higher level of security, we recommend that you send requests over HTTPS.

If the request contains sensitive data, such as the username, password, and Secure Shell (SSH) key pairs, we recommend that you use HTTPS. For example, you can specify the Password parameter when you call the CreateInstance operation.

Endpoints

The following table lists the endpoints of ECS API. To minimize network latency, we recommend that you specify the endpoint based on the region where you make API requests.

  • The following table lists the best endpoints for making API requests from mainland China.
    Region Endpoint
    Default ecs.aliyuncs.com
    China (Zhangjiakou-Beijing Winter Olympic) ecs.cn-zhangjiakou.aliyuncs.com
    China (Hohhot) ecs.cn-huhehaote.aliyuncs.com
    China (Ulanqab) ecs.cn-wulanchabu.aliyuncs.com
    China (Heyuan) ecs.cn-heyuan.aliyuncs.com
    Japan (Tokyo) ecs.ap-northeast-1.aliyuncs.com
    Australia (Sydney) ecs.ap-southeast-2.aliyuncs.com
    Malaysia (Kuala Lumpur) ecs.ap-southeast-3.aliyuncs.com
    Indonesia (Jakarta) ecs.ap-southeast-5.aliyuncs.com
    India (Mumbai) ecs.ap-south-1.aliyuncs.com
    UAE (Dubai) ecs.me-east-1.aliyuncs.com
    Germany (Frankfurt) ecs.eu-central-1.aliyuncs.com
    UK (London) ecs.eu-west-1.aliyuncs.com
  • Global acceleration is enabled for ecs.aliyuncs.com. This can reduce network latency caused by traffic forwarding across borders or regions. You can use this endpoint when you want to make API requests from countries or regions outside mainland China.

Note ECS provides public endpoints. If your ECS instance does not have a public bandwidth or a public IP address, you cannot use tools such as Alibaba Cloud CLI or SDKs to make API requests for the instance. For information about how to make call API operations on VPC-type ECS instances that cannot access the Internet, see Call API operations over the internal network.

Request parameters

You must specify the Action parameter to specify the API operatoin that you want to call. For example, set Action to StartInstance. You must also specify other operation-specific request parameters and common request parameters. For more information, see Common request parameters.

Encoding

All requests and responses are encoded in UTF-8.