This topic describes the updates to Alibaba Cloud Linux 2 images. The release notes are ordered by release date, from the latest to the earliest.

Background information

  • Unless otherwise stated, the released updates apply to all Alibaba Cloud regions where Elastic Compute Service (ECS) is available.
  • Alibaba Cloud Linux 2 images are applicable to most instance families. For more information about the instance families that do not support Alibaba Cloud Linux 2 images and can use only specified public images, see the Release notes of images that are applicable only to some instance families section in this topic.

Release notes

Image ID Release date Description
aliyun_2_1903_x64_20G_alibase_20210325.vhd 2021-03-25
  • The Alibaba Cloud Linux 2.1903 LTS 64-bit base image is updated to the latest software version to be compatible with CentOS 7.9. Common vulnerabilities and exposures (CVEs) are fixed.
  • The CVE-2021-3156 sudo vulnerability in Linux is fixed. For more information, see Vulnerability announcement | Linux sudo permission vulnerability (CVE-2021-3156).
  • The default network configuration service is switched to network-scripts.
  • The net.ipv4.tcp_max_tw_buckets value is increased.
  • The NVMe driver is added to initramfs.
  • The kdump service is enabled by default.
  • Kernel updates:
    • The kernel is updated to the kernel-4.19.91-23.al7 version.
    • Kernel bugs and key security vulnerabilities are fixed.
    • Intel SGX is supported.
    • The network diagnostic tool Ping Trace is supported.
    • Cgroups can be created in a lightweight manner in scenarios where multiple instances are deployed on a single server. This can reduce the amount of time required to create cgroups.
    • Intel IceLake MCA is supported.
aliyun_2_1903_x64_20G_qboot_alibase_20210325.vhd 2021-03-25
  • The Alibaba Cloud Linux 2.1903 64-bit (Quick Start) image is updated.
  • This image is derived from the aliyun_2_1903_x64_20G_alibase_20210325.vhd version of the Alibaba Cloud Linux 2.1903 LTS 64-bit base image.
  • Applicable regions: China (Hangzhou), China (Beijing), China (Zhangjiakou), China (Shenzhen), China (Hong Kong), Singapore (Singapore), Malaysia (Kuala Lumpur), and US (Virginia).
aliyun_2_1903_x64_20G_qboot_alibase_20210218.vhd 2021-02-18
  • The Alibaba Cloud Linux 2.1903 64-bit (Quick Start) image is updated.
  • The default network configuration service is switched to network-scripts.
  • The CVE-2021-3156 sudo vulnerability in Linux is fixed. For more information, see Vulnerability announcement | Linux sudo permission vulnerability (CVE-2021-3156).
  • Applicable regions: China (Hangzhou), China (Shenzhen), China (Beijing), China (Zhangjiakou), China (Hong Kong), Singapore (Singapore), Malaysia (Kuala Lumpur), and US (Virginia).
aliyun_2_1903_x64_20G_alibase_20210120.vhd 2021-01-20
  • The Alibaba Cloud Linux 2.1903 LTS 64-bit base image is updated to the latest software version to be compatible with CentOS 7.9. CVEs are fixed.
  • The update-motd service is released and enabled by default.
  • The rhel-loadmodules service is enabled by default.
  • The vring_force_dma_api startup parameter is added.
  • Kernel updates:
    • The kernel is updated to the kernel-4.19.91-22.2.al7 version.
    • Kernel bugs and key security vulnerabilities are fixed.
    • The kernel file system is synchronized with the latest ext4 file system from the Linux community to gain enhanced stability.
    • RAID is supported by default.
    • The Dragonfly Enclaves feature is supported.
    • The performance debugging of Intel IceLake PMU Topdown is supported.
    • The read capability of io_uring buffer is optimized.
    • blk-throttle is optimized.
    • The Chinese cryptographic algorithm SM2 and the standard X509-formatted certificate that uses the SM2-with-SM3 Chinese cryptographic algorithm are supported.
    • blk-mq batch requests are supported.
    • The PCIe Error recover feature is supported.
    • Swap is optimized to significantly improve the memory overselling stability.
    • The container enhancement technology is supported.
aliyun_2_1903_x64_20G_qboot_alibase_20210120.vhd 2021-01-20
  • The Alibaba Cloud Linux 2.1903 64-bit (Quick Start) image is updated.
  • This image is derived from the aliyun_2_1903_x64_20G_alibase_20210120.vhd version of the Alibaba Cloud Linux 2.1903 LTS 64-bit base image.
  • Applicable regions: China (Hangzhou), China (Shenzhen), China (Beijing), China (Zhangjiakou), China (Hong Kong), Singapore (Singapore), Malaysia (Kuala Lumpur), and US (Virginia).
aliyun_2_1903_x64_20G_alibase_20200904.vhd 2020-09-04
  • The Alibaba Cloud Linux 2.1903 LTS 64-bit base image is updated to the latest software version to be compatible with CentOS 7.8. CVEs are fixed.
  • Information in /etc/redhat-release is changed from Aliyun Linux release 7.2 LTS (Hunting Beagle) to Alibaba Cloud Linux (Aliyun Linux) release 2.1903 LTS (Hunting Beagle).
  • The image type information in /etc/image-id is optimized.
  • The tuned service is disabled by default.
  • Kernel updates:
    • The kernel is updated to the kernel-4.19.91-21.al7 version.
    • Kernel bugs and security vulnerabilities are fixed.
    • The io_uring bug is fixed and new features are added.
    • Transparent Huge Pages (THP) fork optimization is added to accelerate the creation of memory intensive processes.
    • Secure operations on Apache Pass (AEP) devices are supported.
    • The TCP-RT feature developed by Alibaba Cloud is supported.
    • The virtio-mem feature is supported.
    • The PCIe Gen4 feature, RAS feature, and power management of Intel® IceLake processors are enhanced.
    • The Intel® Speed Select Technology is supported.
aliyun_2_1903_x64_20G_qboot_alibase_20200904.vhd 2020-09-04
  • The Alibaba Cloud Linux 2.1903 64-bit (Quick Start) image is updated.
  • This image is derived from the aliyun_2_1903_x64_20G_alibase_20200904.vhd version of the Alibaba Cloud Linux 2.1903 LTS 64-bit base image.
  • Applicable regions: China (Hangzhou), China (Shenzhen), China (Zhangjiakou), and China (Hong Kong).
aliyun_2_1903_x64_20G_alibase_20200529.vhd 2020-05-29
  • The Alibaba Cloud Linux 2.1903 LTS 64-bit base image is updated to the latest software version to be compatible with CentOS 7.8. CVEs are fixed.
  • The /etc/image-id file that contains image information such as the image type is added.
  • The tuned service is disabled by default.
  • Kernel updates:
    • The kernel is updated to the kernel-4.19.91-19.1.al7 version.
    • The kernel interface support provided by the Alibaba Cloud kernel on the statistics of scheduling and memory QoS metrics is open sourced to perform fine-grained monitoring of Service Level Indicators (SLIs) related to scheduling and memory.
    • The kernel interface support provided by the Alibaba Cloud kernel on priority control when a memcg is out of memory (OOM) is open sourced to improve protection on important processes during system OOM.
    • AMD QoS is supported.
    • The virtio pmem driver is supported.
    • The free page reporting feature is supported to enhance the awareness of hypervisors about idle memory of a guest OS and manage and utilize physical memory resources in an efficient manner.
    • Memory compaction is optimized to alleviate memory fragmentation and improve the utilization of system memory.
    • Kernel bugs and security vulnerabilities are fixed.
aliyun_2_1903_x64_20G_alibase_20200324.vhd 2020-03-24
  • The Alibaba Cloud Linux 2.1903 LTS 64-bit base image is updated to the latest software version to be compatible with CentOS 7.8. CVEs are fixed.
  • The latest fixes for CVEs can be obtained by using YUM.
  • The LTS version of Alibaba Cloud Linux 2 is released and /etc/alinux-release is updated to Aliyun Linux release 2.1903 LTS (Hunting Beagle).
  • The tuned service is enabled by default.
  • Kernel updates:
    • The kernel is updated to the kernel-4.19.91-18.al7 version.
    • NVMe devices are supported.
    • The THP feature is enabled by default to improve application performance.
    • io_uring is added.
    • Intel_idle and guest halt polling are enabled to improve the guest CPU performance.
    • ftrace syscalls is enabled to enhance the performance of the bpftrace tool.
    • Multiple Alibaba Cloud optimizations and bug fixes to the kernel including subsystems such as schedulers, memory, file systems, and block layers are open sourced.
    • Kernel security vulnerabilities are fixed.
aliyun_2_1903_x64_20G_alibase_20200221.vhd 2020-02-21
  • The Alibaba Cloud Linux 2.1903 LTS 64-bit base image is updated to the latest software version to be compatible with CentOS 7.8. CVEs are fixed.
  • IPv6 is enabled by default.
  • Kernel updates:
    • The kernel is updated to the kernel-4.19.81-17.1.al7 version.
    • Intel Cooper Lake processors and Ice Lake processors are supported.
    • The support for the AMD and ARM 64-bit CPU architectures is enhanced.
    • Persistent memory is supported.
    • The blk-iocost feature is supported. This feature is based on the cost model and the weight-based throttling feature of blkio cgroup controllers. For more information, see Configure the weight-based throttling feature of blk-iocost.
    • The Pressure Stall Information (PSI) feature implemented based on cgroup v1 interfaces is supported. For more information, see Enable the PSI feature for cgroup v1.
    • Multiple Alibaba Cloud optimizations and bug fixes to the kernel including subsystems such as schedulers, memory, file systems, and block layers are open sourced.
    • Kernel security vulnerabilities are fixed.
aliyun_2_1903_x64_20G_alibase_20200114.qboot.vhd 2020-01-14
  • The Alibaba Cloud Linux 2.1903 64-bit (Quick Start) image is released.
  • Kernel updates:
    • The kernel is updated to the 4.19.81-17.al7.x86_64 version.
    • Quick boot with qboot is supported.
  • Applicable regions: China (Beijing), China (Hangzhou), and China (Hong Kong).
aliyun_2_1903_64_20G_alibase_20190829.vhd 2019-08-29
  • The Alibaba Cloud Linux 2.1903 LTS 64-bit base image is updated to the latest software version.
  • Kernel updates:
    • The kernel is updated to the kernel-4.19.57-15.1.al7.x86_64 version.
    • The Spectre-V1 SWAPGS vulnerability is fixed.
    • Issues with DM bio splitting code are fixed.
    • The default TCP congestion control algorithm is set to CUBIC.
    • The network is configured to 10-eth0.network.
aliyun_2_1903_64_20G_alibase_20190619.vhd 2019-06-19
  • The Alibaba Cloud Linux 2.1903 LTS 64-bit base image is updated to the latest software version.
  • Kernel updates:
    • The kernel is updated to the kernel-4.19.43-13.2.al7.x86_64 version.
    • The cgroup writeback feature implemented based on cgroup v1 interfaces is supported.
    • Policy-based routing is supported.
    • The INET_DIAG kernel configuration item is enabled to support the ss command from the iproute2 suite.
    • The configurable net.ipv4.tcp_tw_timeout kernel interface is supported.
    • The following network-related CVEs are fixed:
      • CVE-2019-11477
      • CVE-2019-11478
      • CVE-2019-11479
aliyun-2.1903-x64-20G-alibase-20190507.vhd 2019-05-07
  • The Alibaba Cloud Linux 2.1903 LTS 64-bit base image is updated to the latest software version.
  • The issue of time synchronization latency on instance startup is fixed.
  • The kernel is updated to the kernel-4.19.34-11.al7.x86_64 version, and other issues are fixed.
aliyun-2.1903-x64-20G-alibase-20190327.vhd 2019-03-27
  • The Alibaba Cloud Linux 2.1903 LTS 64-bit base image is released.
  • The kernel-4.19.24-9.al7.x86_64 kernel version is used in the base image.

Release notes of images that are applicable only to some instance families

Image ID Release date Applicable instance family Description
aliyun_2_1903_x64_20G_secured_alibase_20210325.vhd 2021-03-25 Trusted instance families:
  • ecs.g6t
  • ecs.c6t
  • The Alibaba Cloud Linux 2.1903 64-bit (Trusted) image is updated.
  • This image is derived from the aliyun_2_1903_x64_20G_alibase_20210325.vhd version of the Alibaba Cloud Linux 2.1903 LTS 64-bit base image.
  • Boot mode is changed to the Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) mode. This is the only supported mode.
  • The kernel is updated to the kernel-kernel-kernel-4.19.91-23.al7 version.
aliyun_2_1903_x64_20G_uefi_alibase_20210325.vhd 2021-03-25 Instance families:
  • ecs.g7
  • ecs.c7
  • ecs.r7
  • ecs.g7t
  • ecs.c7t
  • ecs.r7t
  • The Alibaba Cloud Linux 2.1903 64-bit (UEFI) image is updated.
  • This image is derived from the aliyun_2_1903_x64_20G_alibase_20210325.vhd version of the Alibaba Cloud Linux 2.1903 LTS 64-bit base image.
  • Boot mode is changed to the UEFI mode. This is the only supported mode.
  • Applicable regions: China (Beijing), China (Hangzhou), China (Shanghai), and China (Shenzhen).
aliyun_2_1903_x64_20G_secured_alibase_20210218.vhd 2021-02-18 Trusted instance families:
  • ecs.g6t
  • ecs.c6t
  • The Alibaba Cloud Linux 2.1903 64-bit (Trusted) image is updated.
  • The default network configuration service is switched to network-scripts.
  • The CVE-2021-3156 sudo vulnerability in Linux is fixed. For more information, see Vulnerability announcement | Linux sudo permission vulnerability (CVE-2021-3156).
  • Boot mode is changed to the UEFI mode. This is the only supported mode.
  • The kernel is updated to the kernel-4.19.91-22.2.al7 version.
aliyun_2_1903_x64_20G_uefi_alibase_20210218.vhd 2021-02-18 Instance families with AMD processors:
  • ecs.ebmg6a
  • ecs.ebmc6a
  • ecs.ebmr6a
  • ecs.ebmg6a-htoff
  • ecs.ebmc6a-htoff
  • ecs.ebmr6a-htoff
  • The Alibaba Cloud Linux 2.1903 64-bit (AMD-compatible) image is updated to the latest software version.
  • The default network configuration service is switched to network-scripts.
  • The CVE-2021-3156 sudo vulnerability in Linux is fixed. For more information, see Vulnerability announcement | Linux sudo permission vulnerability (CVE-2021-3156).
  • Boot mode is changed to the UEFI mode. This is the only supported mode.
aliyun_2_1903_x64_20G_secured_alibase_20210120.vhd 2021-01-20 Trusted instance families:
  • ecs.g6t
  • ecs.c6t
  • The Alibaba Cloud Linux 2.1903 64-bit (Trusted) image is updated.
  • This image is derived from the aliyun_2_1903_x64_20G_alibase_20210120.vhd version of the Alibaba Cloud Linux 2.1903 LTS 64-bit base image.
  • Boot mode is changed to the UEFI mode. This is the only supported mode.
  • The kernel is updated to the kernel-4.19.91-22.2.al7 version.
aliyun_2_1903_x64_20G_uefi_alibase_20210120.vhd 2021-01-20 Instance families with AMD processors:
  • ecs.ebmg6a
  • ecs.ebmc6a
  • ecs.ebmr6a
  • ecs.ebmg6a-htoff
  • ecs.ebmc6a-htoff
  • ecs.ebmr6a-htoff
  • The Alibaba Cloud Linux 2.1903 64-bit (AMD-compatible) image is updated to the latest software version.
  • This image is derived from the aliyun_2_1903_x64_20G_alibase_20210120.vhd version of the Alibaba Cloud Linux 2.1903 LTS 64-bit base image.
  • Boot mode is changed to the UEFI mode. This is the only supported mode.
aliyun_2_1903_x64_20G_secured_alibase_20200904.vhd 2020-09-04 Trusted instance families:
  • ecs.g6t
  • ecs.c6t
  • The Alibaba Cloud Linux 2.1903 64-bit (Trusted) image is updated to the latest software version.
  • This image is derived from the aliyun_2_1903_x64_20G_alibase_20200904.vhd version of the Alibaba Cloud Linux 2.1903 LTS 64-bit base image.
  • Boot mode is changed to the UEFI mode. This is the only supported mode.
  • Trusted features are added.
aliyun_2_1903_x64_20G_uefi_alibase_20200904.vhd 2020-09-04 Instance families with AMD processors:
  • ecs.ebmg6a
  • ecs.ebmc6a
  • ecs.ebmr6a
  • ecs.ebmg6a-htoff
  • ecs.ebmc6a-htoff
  • ecs.ebmr6a-htoff
  • The Alibaba Cloud Linux 2.1903 64-bit (AMD-compatible) image is updated to the latest software version.
  • This image is derived from the aliyun_2_1903_x64_20G_alibase_20200904.vhd version of the Alibaba Cloud Linux 2.1903 LTS 64-bit base image.
  • Boot mode is changed to the UEFI mode. This is the only supported mode.
aliyun_2_1903_x64_20G_secured_alibase_20200622.vhd 2020-06-22 Trusted instance families:
  • ecs.g6t
  • ecs.c6t
  • The Alibaba Cloud Linux 2.1903 64-bit (Trusted) image is released.
  • This image is derived from the aliyun_2_1903_x64_20G_alibase_20200529.vhd version of the Alibaba Cloud Linux 2.1903 LTS 64-bit base image.
  • Boot mode is changed to the UEFI mode. This is the only supported mode.
  • Trusted features are added.
  • Kernel updates:
    • The kernel is updated to the kernel-4.19.91-19.2.al7 version.
    • AMD IOMMU is supported.
aliyun_2_1903_x64_20G_uefi_alibase_20200616.vhd 2020-06-16 Instance families with AMD processors:
  • ecs.ebmg6a
  • ecs.ebmc6a
  • ecs.ebmr6a
  • ecs.ebmg6a-htoff
  • ecs.ebmc6a-htoff
  • ecs.ebmr6a-htoff
  • The Alibaba Cloud Linux 2.1903 64-bit (AMD-compatible) image is released.
  • This image is derived from the aliyun_2_1903_x64_20G_alibase_20200529.vhd version of the Alibaba Cloud Linux 2.1903 LTS 64-bit base image.
  • Boot mode is changed to the UEFI mode. This is the only supported mode.
  • Kernel updates:
    • The kernel is updated to the kernel-4.19.91-19.2.al7 version.
    • AMD IOMMU is supported.