ApsaraDB for MongoDB provides comprehensive security protection to eliminate your data security concerns. You can guarantee database data security by using zone-disaster recovery, RAM authorization, audit logs, network isolation, whitelists, or password authentication.
ApsaraDB for MongoDB provides a zone-disaster recovery solution for replica set instances to meet the high reliability and data security requirements in business scenarios. This solution deploys the nodes of a replica set instance or the components of a sharded cluster instance in three different zones. When one of the three zones loses communication due to force majeure factors such as power failure or network failure, the high-availability system automatically triggers a switchover.
You can select multiple zones when you create an instance. For more information, see Create a multi-zone replica set instance or Create a multi-zone sharded cluster instance. You can also migrate a replica set instance to multiple zones. For more information, see Migrate an ApsaraDB for MongoDB instance across zones in the same region.
- Authorize a RAM user to manage ApsaraDB for MongoDB instances
Resource Access Management (RAM) allows you to create and manage RAM users and control their permissions on resources of your Alibaba Cloud account. If multiple users in your enterprise need to use the resource at the same time, you can use RAM to assign least permissions to them and avoid the need to share the key of your Alibaba Cloud account. This reduces information security risks for your enterprise.
For more information, see How to configure RAM user permissions on ApsaraDB for MongoDB.
- Create and authorize a database user
Do not connect to a database as the root user in the production environment. You can create database users and grant permissions to them.
For more information, see Manage user permissions on MongoDB databases.
- Use VPCs
ApsaraDB for MongoDB supports multiple network types. We recommend that you use VPCs.
A VPC is an isolated virtual network with higher security and better performance than the classic network. You must create the VPC in advance. For more information, see Create a default Virtual Private Cloud (VPC) network and vSwitch.
If an ApsaraDB for MongoDB instance is deployed in the classic network, you can switch the network type of the instance to VPC. For more information, see Switch the network type of an ApsaraDB for MongoDB instance. If your ApsaraDB for MongoDB instance is deployed in a VPC, no further action is required.Note ApsaraDB for MongoDB supports password-free access over a VPC. VPCs provide a convenient and secure way to connect to databases. For more information, see Enable or disable password-free access for an ApsaraDB for MongoDB instance.
- Set the whitelist
By default, after an ApsaraDB for MongoDB instance is created, the IP address in its whitelist is
127.0.0.1. You must manually set the IP address in the whitelist before you connect to MongoDB databases.
For more information, see Configure a whitelist or an ECS security group for an ApsaraDB for MongoDB instance.Note
- Do not include
0.0.0.0/0in the whitelist, which indicates that the database can be accessed from all IP addresses.
- We recommend that you set the whitelist based on your business needs and remove IP addresses that are no longer needed from the whitelist on a regular basis.
- Do not include
Audit logs of ApsaraDB for MongoDB record all operations that you perform on databases. Audit logs allow you to obtain data execution information by performing fault analysis, behavior analysis, and security audit on databases.
For more information, see Configure audit logging for an ApsaraDB for MongoDB instance.
- SSL encryption
If you connect to a database over the Internet, you can enable Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) encryption to improve the security of data links. SSL encryption can encrypt network connections at the transport layer. This improves data security and ensures data integrity. For more information, see Use the mongo shell to connect to an ApsaraDB for MongoDB database in SSL encryption mode.
Transparent Data Encryption (TDE) implements real-time I/O encryption and decryption for data files. TDE encrypts data before data is written to a disk and decrypts data before data is read from the disk. TDE does not increase the size of data files. You can use TDE without modifying your application that uses ApsaraDB for MongoDB. For information, see Configure TDE for an ApsaraDB for MongoDB instance.Note You can enable and disable TDE only for a collection. For information about encryption at the field level, visit Explicit (Manual) Client-Side Field Level Encryption. Field level encryption supports only MongoDB 4.2 instances.