This topic describes how to back up images of VMware virtual machines (VMs). HBR provides two types of backup plans for on-premises VMware VMs: instant and scheduled. HBR also supports incremental backup for scheduled backup plans. This way, HBR maximizes the security of your data.

Prerequisites

Preparations are completed.

Add a vCenter Server

Before you back up on-premises VMware VMs, you must add a vCenter Server in the HBR console.

  1. Log on to the HBR console.
  2. In the left-side navigation pane, choose Backup > On-Premises Backup. On the On-Premises Backup page, select VMware VM.
  3. Click the Managed vCenter Servers tab. In the upper-right corner, click Add vCenter Server.
  4. In the Add vCenter Server panel, set the Server IP, Username, Password, and Description parameters. The Description parameter is optional. Then, click Create.

    You may fail to add a vCenter Server if the password contains the following special characters:

    ` ^ ~ = ; ! / ( [ ] { } @ $ \ & # % +

    Note We recommend that you create a vCenter Server account that is dedicated for backup. We recommend that you use periods (.) but not other special characters in the password of the account.

Create a backup plan

To create a backup plan, perform the following steps:

  1. On the vCenter Servers tab, click Create Backup Plan in the Actions column corresponding to the added vCenter Server.
  2. In the Create Backup Plan dialog box, set parameters in the Configure Plan step as described in the following table and click Next.
    create
    Parameter Description
    Plan Name The name of the backup plan. By default, a random name is used.
    Retention Period The retention period of the backup data. Units: days, weeks, months, and years.
    Force Quiesced Snapshot
    • If you select this check box, HBR uses quiesced snapshots to migrate data. If quiesced snapshots are unavailable, the backup fails.
    • If you do not select this check box, HBR attempts to use quiesced snapshots to migrate data. If quiesced snapshots are unavailable, HBR uses common snapshots to migrate data. By default, this check box is not selected.
    Use LAN-free Backup Specifies whether to use LAN-free backup. If you select this check box, the disk to back up is mounted on the HBR gateway. Data is transferred over a storage area network (SAN) instead of a local area network (LAN). If the mount fails, data is transferred over a LAN.
    Backup Policy The policy used to back up data. Valid values: Right Now and On Schedule.

    If you select On Schedule, you must set the Start Time, Backup Interval, and Enable Incremental Backup parameters for the scheduled backup plan.

    If you enable incremental backup, you must set the Start Time and Backup Interval parameters for incremental backup.
    Notice
    • If Changed Block Tracking (CBT) is disabled for a VM, full migration is run instead of incremental migration. For more information about CBT, see VMware documentation.
    • During incremental backup, data that is added or modified after the most recent full backup or incremental backup is backed up.
    • We recommend that you perform full migration at least 1 hour after incremental backup.
  3. In the Select VMs step, select the VM whose image you want to back up and click Next.
  4. In the Confirm step, view and confirm the settings of the backup plan. The settings include the backup plan name, retention period, backup policy, and VMs. Then, click Create.

    After the backup plan is created, HBR runs backup jobs based on the backup plan. You can perform the following operations on the Backup Plans tab:

    • To start a backup job, find the backup plan and click Run Now in the Actions column.
    • To pause a running backup job, find the backup plan and choose More > Suspend Plan in the Actions column. To resume a paused backup job, find the backup plan and choose More > Resume Plan in the Actions column.
    • To delete a backup plan, find the backup plan and choose More > Delete Plan in the Actions column. After you delete a backup plan, HBR no longer runs the plan but retains the data that is backed up.

(Optional) Designate a backup client

After a backup plan is created, backup jobs are dispatched to backup clients based on the real-time client status. The client status includes how many jobs are running on each client, whether LAN-free backup is enabled for each client, and the performance of the ESXi host of each VM.

If you need to back up a large number of VMs, you can install multiple backup clients to increase backup efficiency. The procedure to install multiple backup clients is similar to that to install a single backup client. For more information, see Preparations.

After multiple backup clients are installed, HBR dispatches backup jobs based on the client status, including the load of each backup client. You can also designate a backup client to run a backup plan.

  1. Log on to the HBR console.
  2. In the left-side navigation pane, choose Backup > On-Premises Server Backup. On the On-Premises Server Backup page, click VMware VM.
  3. Click the Backup Plans tab. On the Backup Plans tab, find the backup plan, and choose More > Designate Client in the Actions column.
  4. In the Designate Client panel, select a backup client to run the backup plan.
  5. Click OK.
    You can view the backup client on which the backup job for each VM is run on the Backups tab.backup history

References