This topic describes how to back up images of VMware virtual machines (VMs). Hybrid Backup Recovery (HBR) provides two types of backup plans for on-premises VMware VMs: instant and scheduled. HBR also supports incremental backup for scheduled backup plans. This improves data security.

Prerequisites

The preparations for VMware VM backup are completed. For more information, see Preparations.

Add a vCenter Server

Before you back up on-premises VMware VMs, you must add a vCenter Server in the HBR console.

  1. Log on to the HBR console.
  2. In the top navigation bar, select the region where the vCenter Server resides.
  3. In the left-side navigation pane, choose Backup > On-Premises Backup.
  4. On the On-Premises Backup page, click VMware VM.
  5. Click the Managed vCenter Servers tab. In the upper-right corner, click Add vCenter Server.
  6. In the Add vCenter Server panel, set the Server IP, Username, Password, and Description parameters. The Description parameter is optional. Then, click Create.

    A vCenter Server may fail to be added if the password contains the following special characters:

    ` ^ ~ = ; ! / ( [ ] { } @ $ \ & # % +

    Note We recommend that you create a vCenter Server account that is dedicated for backup. We recommend that you use periods (.) instead of other special characters in the password of the account.

Create a backup plan

To create a backup plan, perform the following steps:

  1. On the vCenter Servers tab, click Create Backup Plan in the Actions column next to the added vCenter Server.
  2. In the Create Backup Plan dialog box, set the parameters in the Configure Plan step and click Next. The following table describes the parameters.
    create
    Parameter Description
    Plan Name The name of the backup plan. By default, a random name is used.
    Retention Period The retention period of backup data. Valid units: days, weeks, months, and years.
    Force Quiesced Snapshot Specifies whether to forcibly use quiesced snapshots.
    • If you select this check box, HBR uses quiesced snapshots to migrate data. If quiesced snapshots are unavailable, the backup fails.
    • If you do not select this check box, HBR attempts to use quiesced snapshots to migrate data. If quiesced snapshots are unavailable, HBR uses common snapshots to migrate data. By default, this check box is not selected.
    Use LAN-free Backup Specifies whether to use LAN-free backup. If you select this check box, the disk that you want to back up is mounted on the HBR gateway. In this case, data is transferred over a storage area network (SAN) instead of a local area network (LAN). If the mount fails, data is transferred over a LAN.
    Backup Policy The policy that is used to back up data. Valid values: Right Now and On Schedule.

    If you select On Schedule, you must specify the Start Time, Backup Interval, and Enable Incremental Backup parameters for the scheduled backup plan.

    If you enable incremental backup, you must specify the Start Time and Backup Interval parameters for incremental backup.
    Notice
    • If Changed Block Tracking (CBT) is disabled for a VM, full migration is performed instead of incremental migration. For more information about CBT, see VMware documentation.
    • During incremental backup, data that is added or modified after the previous full or incremental backup is completed.
    • We recommend that you perform full migration at least 1 hour after previous incremental backup is completed.
    Start Time This parameter is required only if the Backup Policy parameter is set to On Schedule. Specify the time at which the backup starts. You can set this parameter based on your backup plan. The default value is the time when the backup plan is created.
    Backup Interval This parameter is required only if the Backup Policy parameter is set to On Schedule. Select the interval at which backups are performed. Default value: 1 day. Unit: hours, days, or weeks.
    Enable Incremental Backup This parameter is required only if the Backup Policy parameter is set to On Schedule. Specify whether to enable incremental backup. Valid values:
    • No: Disable incremental backup. Default value: No.
    • Yes: Enable incremental backup.
  3. In the Select VMs to Migrate step, select the source VM and click Next.
  4. In the Confirm step, check whether the configurations of the backup plan are specified based on your business requirements. The settings include the backup plan name, retention period, backup policy, and VMs. Then, click Create.

    After the backup plan is created, HBR runs backup jobs based on the backup plan. You can perform the following operations on the Backup Plans tab:

    • To start a backup job, find the backup plan and click Run Now in the Actions column.
    • To suspend a running backup job, find the backup plan that you want to suspend and choose More > Suspend Plan in the Actions column. To resume a suspended backup job, find the backup plan that you want to resume and choose More > Resume Plan in the Actions column.
    • To delete a backup plan, find the backup plan that you want to delete and choose More > Delete Plan in the Actions column. After you delete a backup plan, HBR no longer runs the plan. However, the backup data is retained.

Specify a backup client

After a backup plan is created, backup jobs are dispatched to backup clients based on the real-time client status. The client status includes the number of jobs that are running on each client, whether LAN-free backup is enabled for each client, and the performance of the ESXi host of each VM. This step is optional.

If you need to back up a large number of VMs, you can install multiple backup clients to increase backup efficiency. The procedure to install multiple backup clients is similar to the procedure to install a single backup client. For more information, see Preparations.

After multiple backup clients are installed, HBR dispatches backup jobs based on the client status, including the load of each backup client. You can also specify the backup client on which you want to run a backup plan.

  1. Log on to the HBR console.
  2. In the top navigation bar, select the region where the VMware VM resides.
  3. In the left-side navigation pane, choose Backup > On-Premises Backup.
  4. On the On-Premises Backup page, click VMware VM.
  5. Click the Backup Plans tab. On the Backup Plans tab, find the backup plan for which you want to specify a backup client, and choose More > Designate Client in the Actions column.
  6. In the Designate Client panel, select the backup client on which you want to run the backup plan.
  7. Click OK.
    On the Backups tab, you can view the backup client on which the backup job for each VM is run. backup history

References