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Community Blog Word Frequency Analysis using Elasticsearch on Alibaba Cloud

Word Frequency Analysis using Elasticsearch on Alibaba Cloud

In this article, we will delve into four solutions for performing word frequency analysis in Elasticsearch, utilizing the robust environment provided by Alibaba Cloud Elasticsearch.

Elasticsearch has become an invaluable tool for searching and analyzing the vast amount of data generated daily. Among its many applications, word frequency analysis is particularly important for understanding the content of large datasets. In this article, we will delve into four solutions for performing word frequency analysis in Elasticsearch, utilizing the robust environment provided by Alibaba Cloud Elasticsearch.

Enabling fielddata for Aggregating Word Frequencies

The most straightforward approach to word frequency analysis involves enabling fielddata on text fields. Here is an example setup:

PUT message_index
{
  "mappings": {
    "properties": {
      "message": {
        "analyzer": "ik_smart",
        "type": "text",
        "fielddata": true
      }
    }
  }
}

After indexing some documents, we can then aggregate word frequencies like so:

POST message_index/_search
{
  "size": 0,
  "aggs": {
    "messages": {
      "terms": {
        "size": 10,
        "field": "message"
      }
    }
  }
}

Pre-Tagging Documents with Custom Tags for Aggregation

A potentially more efficient approach involves tagging documents with relevant keywords or terms before indexing. This allows for faster aggregation later on:

PUT _ingest/pipeline/add_tags_pipeline
{
  "processors": [
    {
      "script": {
        "description": "add tags",
        "lang": "painless",
        "source": """
        if(ctx.message.contains('achievement')){
              ctx.tags.add('achievement')
           }
            if(ctx.message.contains('game')){
              ctx.tags.add('game')
            }
            if(ctx.message.contains('addiction')){
              ctx.tags.add('addiction')
            }
        """
      }
    }
  ]
}

When indexing documents, specify the pipeline:

POST message_index/_update_by_query?pipeline=add_tags_pipeline
{
  "query": {
    "match_all": {}
  }
}

Term Vectors for In-depth Word Frequency Analysis

For fine-grained analysis, Elasticsearch's term vectors provide detailed statistics about term frequencies within individual documents:

PUT message_index
{
  "mappings": {
    "properties": {
      "message": {
        "type": "text",
        "term_vector": "with_positions_offsets_payloads",
        "store": true,
        "analyzer": "ik_max_word"
      }
    }
  }
}

To retrieve term vectors for analysis:

GET message_index/_termvectors/1?fields=message

Pre-Tokenization and Using Term Vectors

Address potential performance concerns with term vectors by pre-tokenizing your text data and using a simplified analyzer:

PUT message_ext_index
{
  "mappings": {
    "properties": {
      "message_ext": {
        "type": "text",
        "term_vector": "with_positions_offsets_payloads",
        "store": true,
        "analyzer": "whitespace"
      }
    }
  }
}

This approach combines pre-processing with Elasticsearch's powerful analysis capabilities, offering both efficiency and depth in word frequency analysis.

Conclusion:

The four solutions presented offer different advantages for word frequency analysis in Elasticsearch, catering to various requirements in terms of performance and detail. Alibaba Cloud Elasticsearch provides a flexible, powerful platform for deploying these solutions efficiently.

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Data Geek

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Data Geek

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