Community Blog How to Install Hadoop Cluster on Ubuntu 16.04

How to Install Hadoop Cluster on Ubuntu 16.04

In this article, you will get some information on how to install an Apache Hadoop on Ubuntu 16.04.

In this tutorial, we will learn how to setup an Apache Hadoop on a single node cluster in an Alibaba Cloud Elastic Compute Service (ECS) instance with Ubuntu 16.04.

Install Hadoop

Before starting, you will need to download the latest version of the Hadoop from their official website. You can download it with the following command:

wget http://www-eu.apache.org/dist/hadoop/common/hadoop-3.1.0/hadoop-3.1.0.tar.gz

Once the download is completed, extract the downloaded file with the following command:

tar -xvzf hadoop-3.1.0.tar.gz

Next, move the extracted directory to the /opt with the following command:

mv hadoop-3.1.0 /opt/hadoop

Next, change the ownership of the hadoop directory using the following command:

chown -R hadoop:hadoop /opt/hadoop/

Next, you will need to set an environment variable for Hadoop. You can do this by editing .bashrc file:

First, log in to hadoop user:

su - hadoop

Next, open .bashrc file:

nano .bashrc

Add the following lines at the end of the file:

export HADOOP_HOME=/opt/hadoop

Save and close the file, when you are finished. Then, initialize the environment variables using the following command:

source .bashrc

Next, you will also need to setup Java environment variable for Hadoop. You can do this by editing hadoop-env.sh file:

First, find the default Java path using the following command:

readlink -f /usr/bin/java | sed "s:bin/java::"



Now, open hadoop-env.sh file and paste above output in the hadoop-env.sh file:

nano /opt/hadoop/etc/hadoop/hadoop-env.sh

Make the following changes:

export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/java-8-openjdk-amd64/jre/

Save and close the file, when you are finished.

Configure Hadoop

Next, you will need to configure multiple configuration files to setup Hadoop infrastructure. First, log in with hadoop user and create a directory for hadoop file system storage:

mkdir -p /opt/hadoop/hadoopdata/hdfs/namenode
mkdir -p /opt/hadoop/hadoopdata/hdfs/datanode

First, you will need to edit core-site.xml file. This file contains the Hadoop port number information, file system allocated memory, data store memory limit and the size of Read/Write buffers.

nano /opt/hadoop/etc/hadoop/core-site.xml

Make the following changes:


Save the file, then open the hdfs-site.xml file. This file contains the replication data value, namenode path and datanode path for local file systems.

nano /opt/hadoop/etc/hadoop/hdfs-site.xml

Make the following changes:




Save the file, then open the mapred-site.xml file.

nano /opt/hadoop/etc/hadoop/mapred-site.xml

Make the following changes:


Save the file, then open the yarn-site.xml file:

nano /opt/hadoop/etc/hadoop/yarn-site.xml

Make the following changes:


Save and close the file, when you are finished. If you would like to have more information, like how to install java to get started, access Hadoop services and test hadoop, please go to this tutorial.

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