Edge Computing: A Brief Introduction

What is The Edge Computing?

The'Edge'refers to bringing computational infrastructure near the data origin.It is a decentralized platform where data is handled as close as feasible to the original data.This architecture necessitates the efficient use of resources like laptops,cellphones,Ipads,and sensor systems that are not always linked to a network.Edge computing encompasses a broad range of innovations such as wireless sensor networks,cooperative spread peer-to-peer ad-hoc networking and processing,also known as distributed data storage,mobile edge computing,local cloud/fog computing and augmented reality,remote cloud services,retrieval,autonomic self-healing networks,and others.

There are four types of edge computing:device edge,cloud,sensor and compute edge.Cloud computing is predicted to undergo a decentralized phase.Edge Computing is a new concept that aims to bring computation,memory and communication closer to the end-user.

Why is Edge Computing Important?

That is an excellent question!Why do we still need Edge Computing in the first place?What are some of the benefits of this developing system?

Consider the example of a self-driving automobile that constantly sends a live broadcast to central servers.The car must now make a critical decision.If the car needs to wait for the main servers to analyze and respond to the data,the results could be catastrophic.Although techniques like YOLO-v2 have accelerated the object detection activity,the system's delay is when the automobile must send gigabytes to the centralized server, wait for a response and afterward act! As a result, we require basic computing in the car, such as whether to stop or slow down.

Edge Computing aims to reduce the delay by putting public cloud functionalities closer to the edge. This can be accomplished in two ways: a proprietary software stack that emulates cloud solutions on existing technology or extending the public cloud to numerous point-of-presence (PoP) locations.

Advantages of Edge Computing

Edge computing has evolved as one of the most efficient approaches to network issues connected with transporting today's massive amounts of data.The following are among the significant advantages of edge computing:

Latency:


●Latency is the amount of time it takes for data to travel between two points on a network.Reasonably large distances between two or more points,as well as network issues,can create delays.Due to edge computing,which puts the points closer,latency issues are virtually non-existent.

Saves Bandwidth:


●Bandwidth refers to the rate at which data is transmitted through a network.The amount of data delivered and the number of components that can analyze it are both limited since all systems have a fixed amount of bandwidth.By placing data servers where data is created,edge computing allows numerous devices to run over considerably lower and more efficient bandwidth.

Reduces Congestion:


●Even though the Internet has evolved through time,billions of systems'sheer volume of data produced every day may cause substantial delays.Edge computing can do advanced edge analytics in the event of a breakdown,and local storage is available on local servers.

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