Cloud Computing Features and Characteristics

Cloud computing is becoming increasingly popular these days. As businesses keep on expanding globally, their reliance on data also keeps on growing. Cloud computing is proving to be the only solution to the current need for data transfer and storage, a crucial requirement for any growing business.

Businesses can use cloud computing to store and transfer massive amounts of data from physical storage to a cloud destination that can be accessed from anywhere.

Cloud computing has served as a model for implementing convenient, on-demand, and ubiquitous network access to a variety of computing resources.

The Origin of Cloud Computing

The concept of cloud computing was popularized by AWS. Its emergence provided an alternative to physical data storage infrastructure. AWS began selling this service in 2006. Cloud services now include everything from various data models, software to statistics infrastructure, and everything in between. Containers, serverless computing, AI, IoT, databases, business apps, dedicated networking, data analytics, and other aspects are also part of it.

Each subset of cloud computing has its own challenges and advantages.

What Exactly is Cloud Computing?

Cloud computing is an advanced branch of technology that assists businesses in meeting their IT requirements. Every day, this technical service benefits both individuals and businesses. The world has grown to become more reliant on good data storage facilities to overcome the storage limits of hardware devices/systems. This has created a need for a resource pool that is accessible all the time and from everywhere.

This is where cloud computing comes into play. It provides clients with a convenient and simple option for storing data within a secure infrastructure. Nowadays, the success of many businesses to effectively run their day-to-day activities hinges on the reliability of the cloud computing solutions they have adopted. 

Technology, Concepts, and Architecture of Cloud Computing

When it comes to data storage, organizations require a reliable architecture that is proof against data leaks and malicious attacks. Cloud storage is the best option for protecting data and sensitive information because cloud architecture has fortified technical barriers to prevent unauthorized access. To access the data, such an infrastructure requires a secure internet connection, among other preset conditions.

Almost everyone now uses the internet which allows for convenient and secure access to cloud storage. One of the main advantages of this storage system is that it's trustworthy enough to prevent data breaches.

There are three major types of cloud computing services, namely:

• Platform as a service (PaaS)
• Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) 
• Software as a service (SaaS)

What is the Process of Cloud Computing?

Nowadays, instead of storing data on hard disks, pen drives, and SSDs, everybody opts to store and transfer data using a cloud storage format. Cloud storage services are lifesavers in an age when most people's devices are constantly updating. They save time and effort by storing their data on the cloud rather than physically transferring data from one device to another. Regardless of the device used, a user can log in and access the stored data.

The following are the top features of cloud computing:

On-demand self-service

This is one of the most important characteristics of cloud computing. This means that clients may routinely check server capabilities, allocated network storage, and uptime thanks to cloud computing. As a result, it is one of the most essential aspects of cloud computing that enables users to manage diverse computing capabilities in accordance with their needs.

Resource Sharing

This is a fundamental feature of cloud computing as well. Merging resources means a cloud service provider can share resources to various clients and provide them with different services based on their requirements. Resource sharing is a multi-client plan that can be used for data storage, bandwidth services, and data processing. The provider manages the data stored in real time without interfering with the client's data requirements.

Simple to maintain

This is one of the best cloud features. Cloud servers are simple to maintain and have little to no downtime. Cloud Computing-powered resources are frequently updated to improve their capabilities and potential. The updates are more compatible with the devices and run faster than previous versions.

Less costly

This type of service is cost-effective because it reduces IT costs and data storage expenses. Furthermore, the majority of cloud computing services are free. Even if there are paid plans, they are usually only to increase storage capacity, and the costs are often very low. This is a major reason firms need to adopt cloud computing.

Flexibility and scalability

The best part about using cloud storage is that it can easily handle most, if not all storage workload and data load. Because cloud services are elastic, scalable, and automated, businesses and organizations can save significantly on manual labor and technical staffing.

Reliable reporting services

The best part about using cloud storage is that, even though it is managed and fully automated by bots, it has a quick and prompt reporting service in the event of an error. The back-end cloud service provider team responds quickly to user reports and complaints, whether they are about billing or functionality.

Machine learning

Automation is a critical feature of cloud computing. Cloud services can be configured, installed, and rebooted automatically to provide optimal functionality. It reduces manual labor and is extremely user-friendly. Because of the way algorithms are distributed over the cloud architecture, no human involvement is required to sort the stored data.


One of the best aspects of cloud computing is its security. Clients face little risk of piracy or data breach when uploading content to the cloud. There is no risk of trojans or viruses corrupting the data. Even if the physical hardware becomes infected, cloud data is not at risk.

Extensive network access

Cloud services are ubiquitous. To access cloud storage, clients can use any device as long as it has an internet connection. Cloud service providers have extensive network access, allowing them to easily manage all data uploaded to the Cloud via parameters such as data output, access time, and latency.


The ability of a cloud service to recover quickly from a disruption is referred to as resilience. It depends on the cloud database and internet speeds as well as servers and how swiftly the network recovers and resets any harm or damage. There are no physical barriers to accessibility if the cloud infrastructure is resilient. Clients can access cloud services remotely regardless of their geographical positioning, which helps enhance teamwork..


Cloud computing is the answer to all data storage problems for both businesses and individuals. While we continue to generate massive amounts of data, our reliance on cloud services keeps growing. Aside from the storage limitations of hardware systems, data has become much more sensitive in recent years. This is why organizations all over the world prefer cloud platforms to traditional data storage platforms because of the stringent and reliable data security features. The most significant advantage of using cloud storage is that it is accessible remotely, from anywhere in the world, as long as you have a stable internet connection.

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