All You Need to Know About the Characteristics of Hypervisors

A hypervisor is a type of virtual machine monitor (VMM) used to operate computers and other virtual machines on the same physical device or host OS – essentially creating another OS within an OS. It has its own CPU, memory, and hard drive – basically, all the components that a normal computer would have. Because there are multiple types of hypervisors and their uses are quite diverse, understanding exactly what they are and how they work can be challenging at first glance. Whether you’re researching potential career options or simply interested in learning more about this fascinating field of technology, this guide will explain everything you need to know about hypervisors, including their definition and different types. Read on to discover more!

What is a Hypervisor?

A hypervisor is an OS that can create and manage guest operating systems. It creates a virtual machine that acts as an independent entity and can be used to host applications and services. Hypervisors can be used to increase the efficiency and utilization of hardware resources, reduce operational costs, and improve resource management and security. As a software program, a hypervisor controls an operating system’s access to the physical hardware of a single computer. 

How Does a Hypervisor Work?

A hypervisor is a virtual machine manager (VMM) that creates and manages VMs. These VMs can be used to host various operating systems, effectively creating another computer within the main computer system. When it comes to managing VMs, there are two primary approaches. One is to create a single VM and host it as a single unit. The other option is to use a clustered VM and host it as a group of isolated units. The former approach is easier to manage, but the latter approach is more scalable, allowing you to add more VMs if needed.

Types and Characteristics of Hypervisors

●Type 1 Hypervisor - Type 1 hypervisors are also known as bare-metal hypervisors. They are installed directly on the hardware and manage the hardware resources of the computer.

Pros: Since these kinds of hypervisors have immediate access to the physical hardware resources (like Cpu, Memory, Network, and Physical storage), they are very efficient. 

Cons: One issue with Type-1 hypervisors is that they typically require a separate machine dedicated to carrying out their functions, giving instructions to various VMs, and managing the host hardware resources.

●Type 2 Hypervisor - Type 2 hypervisors are more commonly known as hosted hypervisors. They operate on top of an existing OS and manage the hardware resources of the computer.

Pros: Such hypervisors enable quick and simple access to a guest Operating System in addition to the host machine's ongoing operation. These hypervisors typically include extra helpful components for guest machines. Such tools improve the cooperation between the host machine and the guest machine.

Cons: These hypervisors perform less efficiently than type-1 hypervisors because there is no direct access to the physical hardware resources. Additionally, there are possible security risks because an attacker could exploit a security flaw to gain access to the host operating system and the guest operating system.


There are several sorts of hypervisors, each with its own set of advantages based on usage and organizational requirements. Which you choose and how you utilize them will be heavily influenced by their applications.

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