请求者付费模式是指由请求者支付读取存储空间(Bucket)内数据时产生的流量费用和请求费用,而Bucket拥有者仅支付存储费用。当您希望共享数据,但又不希望产生流量费用和请求费用时,您可以开启此功能。

注意事项

  • 本文以华东1(杭州)外网Endpoint为例。如果您希望通过与OSS同地域的其他阿里云产品访问OSS,请使用内网Endpoint。关于OSS支持的Region与Endpoint的对应关系,请参见访问域名和数据中心
  • 本文以OSS域名新建OSSClient为例。如果您希望通过自定义域名、STS等方式新建OSSClient,请参见新建OSSClient
  • 要设置请求者付费模式,您必须有oss:PutBucketRequestPayment权限;要获取请求者付费模式,您必须有oss:GetBucketRequestPayment权限。具体操作,请参见为RAM用户授权自定义的权限策略

设置请求者付费模式

以下代码用于设置请求者付费模式。

import com.aliyun.oss.OSS;
import com.aliyun.oss.OSSClientBuilder;
import com.aliyun.oss.OSSException;
import com.aliyun.oss.model.*;

public class Demo {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Endpoint以华东1(杭州)为例,其它Region请按实际情况填写。关于其他Region对应的Endpoint信息,请参见访问域名和数据中心。
        String endpoint = "https://oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com";
        // 阿里云账号AccessKey拥有所有API的访问权限,风险很高。强烈建议您创建并使用RAM用户进行API访问或日常运维,请登录RAM控制台创建RAM用户。
        String accessKeyId = "yourAccessKeyId";
        String accessKeySecret = "yourAccessKeySecret";
        // 填写Bucket名称,例如examplebucket。
        String bucketName = "examplebucket";

        // 创建OSSClient实例。
        OSS ossClient = new OSSClientBuilder().build(endpoint, accessKeyId, accessKeySecret);
        try {
            // 设置请求者付费模式。
            Payer payer = Payer.Requester;
            ossClient.setBucketRequestPayment(bucketName, payer);
        } catch (OSSException oe) {
            System.out.println("Caught an OSSException, which means your request made it to OSS, "
                    + "but was rejected with an error response for some reason.");
            System.out.println("Error Message:" + oe.getErrorMessage());
            System.out.println("Error Code:" + oe.getErrorCode());
            System.out.println("Request ID:" + oe.getRequestId());
            System.out.println("Host ID:" + oe.getHostId());
        } catch (Throwable ce) {
            System.out.println("Caught an ClientException, which means the client encountered "
                    + "a serious internal problem while trying to communicate with OSS, "
                    + "such as not being able to access the network.");
            System.out.println("Error Message:" + ce.getMessage());
        } finally {
            // 关闭OSSClient。
            if (ossClient != null) {
                ossClient.shutdown();
            }
        }
    }
}

获取请求者付费模式配置信息

以下代码用于获取请求者付费模式配置信息。

import com.aliyun.oss.OSS;
import com.aliyun.oss.OSSClientBuilder;
import com.aliyun.oss.OSSException;
import com.aliyun.oss.model.*;

public class Demo {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Endpoint以华东1(杭州)为例,其它Region请按实际情况填写。
        String endpoint = "https://oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com";
        // 阿里云账号AccessKey拥有所有API的访问权限,风险很高。强烈建议您创建并使用RAM用户进行API访问或日常运维,请登录RAM控制台创建RAM用户。
        String accessKeyId = "yourAccessKeyId";
        String accessKeySecret = "yourAccessKeySecret";
        // 填写Bucket名称,例如examplebucket。
        String bucketName = "examplebucket";

        // 创建OSSClient实例。
        OSS ossClient = new OSSClientBuilder().build(endpoint, accessKeyId, accessKeySecret);
        try {
            // 获取请求者付费模式配置信息。
            GetBucketRequestPaymentResult result = ossClient.getBucketRequestPayment(bucketName);
            System.out.println("Payer:" + result.getPayer());
        } catch (OSSException oe) {
            System.out.println("Caught an OSSException, which means your request made it to OSS, "
                    + "but was rejected with an error response for some reason.");
            System.out.println("Error Message:" + oe.getErrorMessage());
            System.out.println("Error Code:" + oe.getErrorCode());
            System.out.println("Request ID:" + oe.getRequestId());
            System.out.println("Host ID:" + oe.getHostId());
        } catch (Throwable ce) {
            System.out.println("Caught an ClientException, which means the client encountered "
                    + "a serious internal problem while trying to communicate with OSS, "
                    + "such as not being able to access the network.");
            System.out.println("Error Message:" + ce.getMessage());
        } finally {
            // 关闭OSSClient。
            if (ossClient != null) {
                ossClient.shutdown();
            }
        }
    }
}            

第三方付费访问Object

第三方操作Object时需在HTTP Header中携带x-oss-request-payer:requester参数,否则会报错。

以下代码以PutObjectGetObjectDeleteObject为例,用于指定第三方付费访问Object。其他用于指定第三方付费的Object读写操作接口设置方法类似。

以下代码用于设置第三方付费访问Object。

import com.aliyun.oss.OSS;
import com.aliyun.oss.OSSClientBuilder;
import com.aliyun.oss.OSSException;
import com.aliyun.oss.model.*;
import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;

public class Demo {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Endpoint以华东1(杭州)为例,其它Region请按实际情况填写。关于其他Region对应的Endpoint信息,请参见访问域名和数据中心。
        String endpoint = "https://oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com";
        // 阿里云账号AccessKey拥有所有API的访问权限,风险很高。强烈建议您创建并使用RAM用户进行API访问或日常运维,请登录RAM控制台创建RAM用户。
        String accessKeyId = "yourAccessKeyId";
        String accessKeySecret = "yourAccessKeySecret";
        // 填写Bucket名称,例如examplebucket。
        String bucketName = "examplebucket";
        // 填写Object完整路径,例如exampledir/exampleobject.txt。Object完整路径中不能包含Bucket名称。
        String objectName = "exampledir/exampleobject.txt";
        Payer payer = Payer.Requester;

        // 创建OSSClient实例。
        OSS ossClient = new OSSClientBuilder().build(endpoint, accessKeyId, accessKeySecret);
        try {
            // PutObject接口指定付费者。
            String content = "hello";
            PutObjectRequest putObjectRequest = new PutObjectRequest(bucketName, objectName, new ByteArrayInputStream(content.getBytes()));
            putObjectRequest.setRequestPayer(payer);
            ossClient.putObject(putObjectRequest);

            // GetObject接口指定付费者。
            GetObjectRequest getObjectRequest = new GetObjectRequest(bucketName, objectName);
            getObjectRequest.setRequestPayer(payer);
            OSSObject ossObject = ossClient.getObject(getObjectRequest);
            ossObject.close();

            // DeleteObject接口指定付费者。
            GenericRequest genericRequest = new GenericRequest(bucketName, objectName);
            genericRequest.setRequestPayer(payer);
            ossClient.deleteObject(genericRequest);
        } catch (OSSException oe) {
            System.out.println("Caught an OSSException, which means your request made it to OSS, "
                    + "but was rejected with an error response for some reason.");
            System.out.println("Error Message:" + oe.getErrorMessage());
            System.out.println("Error Code:" + oe.getErrorCode());
            System.out.println("Request ID:" + oe.getRequestId());
            System.out.println("Host ID:" + oe.getHostId());
        } catch (Throwable ce) {
            System.out.println("Caught an ClientException, which means the client encountered "
                    + "a serious internal problem while trying to communicate with OSS, "
                    + "such as not being able to access the network.");
            System.out.println("Error Message:" + ce.getMessage());
        } finally {
            // 关闭OSSClient。
            if (ossClient != null) {
                ossClient.shutdown();
            }
        }
    }
}

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