构造一个trajectory对象。

语法

  • 语法1
    trajectory  ST_makeTrajectory (leaftype type, geometry spatial, tsrange timespan , cstring attrs_json);
  • 语法2
    trajectory  ST_makeTrajectory (leaftype type, geometry spatial, timestamp start,  timestamp end ,  cstring attrs_json);
  • 语法3
    trajectory  ST_makeTrajectory (leaftype type, geometry spatial, timestamp[]  timeline, cstringattrs_json );
  • 语法4
    trajectory  ST_makeTrajectory (leaftype type, float8[] x, float8[] y, integer srid, timestamp[] timeline, text[] attr_field_names, int4[] attr_int4, float8[] attr_float8, text[] attr_cstring , anyarrayattr_any );
  • 语法5
    trajectory  ST_makeTrajectory (anyarray rows, bool hasz, cstring[] attrnames); 

参数

参数名称 描述
type 轨迹的类型,目前只支持 ST_POINT。
spatial 基于 LineString/Point类型的轨迹空间对象。
timespan 包含开始时间和结束时间的tsrange。
start 轨迹的开始时间。
end 轨迹的结束时间。
timeline 轨迹的时间序列,数量必须和linestring的点数量一致。
attrs_json 轨迹属性和事件,JSON格式,可以为空值。
attr_field_names 表示轨迹属性的所有字段名称(数组)。
x 用于构建几何对象的x坐标(数组)。
y 用于构建几何对象的y坐标(数组)。
srid 空间参考标识符。必须存在。
rows 以表格形式表示轨迹,第一列为TimeStamp类型,第二列和第三列为float8类型。
hasz 指定轨迹是否为三维轨迹。
  • true:三维轨迹,第四列需为float8类型。
  • false:二维轨迹,第四列为轨迹属性。
attrnames 轨迹中各属性名称,如不指定,默认为attr1, attr2...
  1. attrs_json的格式为:
    {
      "leafcount": 3,
      "attributes": {
        "velocity": {
          "type": "integer",
          "length": 2,
          "nullable": true,
          "value": [
            120,
            null,
            140
          ]
        },
        "accuracy": {
          "type": "float",
          "length": 4,
          "nullable": false,
          "value": [
            120,
            130,
            140
          ]
        },
        "bearing": {
          "type": "float",
          "length": 8,
          "nullable": false,
          "value": [
            120,
            130,
            140
          ]
        },
        "vesname": {
          "type": "string",
          "length": 20,
          "nullable": true,
          "value": [
            "dsff",
            "fgsd",
            null
          ]
        },
        "active": {
          "type": "timestamp",
          "nullable": false,
          "value": [
            "Fri Jan 01 14:30:00 2010",
            "Fri Jan 01 15:00:00 2010",
            "Fri Jan 01 15:30:00 2010"
          ]
        }
      },
      "events": [
        {
          "1": "Fri Jan 01 14:30:00 2010"
        },
        {
          "2": "Fri Jan 01 15:00:00 2010"
        },
        {
          "3": "Fri Jan 01 15:30:00 2010"
        }
      ]
    }

    leafcount为轨迹包含的轨迹点个数,必须与spatial对象中包含的空间点个数一致,同时也是每个属性字段包含的元素值个数,所有属性元素个数都必须一致。

    attributes为属性项,包含所有属性的字段定义及值序列,与leafcount同时存在,属性定义及要求:
    • 属性名称最多60个字符。
    • type为字段类型,支持integer,float,string,timestamp,bool五种数据类型。
    • length为字段长度:
      • integer支持长度为1、2、4、8。
      • float支持长度为4、8。
      • string可自定义长度,不指定时默认长度为64,最大长度为253,该长度值为字符实际个数,不包含末尾的结束标识。
      • timestamp长度可不指定,默认为8。
      • bool长度可不指定,默认为1。
    • nullable为字段是否允许为空,true为允许为空,false不允许为空,默认值为true。
    • value为字段值序列,用JSON数组表达,单个元素值为空用null表达。

    events为轨迹事件,用JSON数组表达多个事件,数组元素用JSON的“key:value”表达,key为事件类型,value为事件时间。

  2. 如果传入的时间参数为 timespan 或者 start、end,则会根据spatial中点的个数进行插值。
  3. 可以将表格的行聚合后转化为轨迹,需要使用函数array_agg(row(table.*),参见语法5。
  4. 如果均不满足实际使用,可以自定义MakeTrajectory函数,前六个为固定参数,后面的参数可以根据实际情况进行定制:
    CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION  _ST_MakeTrajectory(type leaftype, x float8[], y float8[] , srid integer, timespan timestamp[],
        attrs_name cstring[], attr1 float8[], attr2 float4[], attr3 timestamp[])
        RETURNS trajectory
        AS '$libdir/libpg-trajectory-x.y','sqltr_traj_make_all_array'
        LANGUAGE 'c' IMMUTABLE Parallel SAFE;
    说明
    • 示例中的x.y为ganos版本,通过ST_Version查看,如4.5版本,即为libpg-trajectory-4.5
    • 如果提示没有权限,请联系工单

示例

-- (1) ST_MakeTrajectory with timestamp range
select ST_MakeTrajectory('STPOINT'::leaftype, st_geomfromtext('LINESTRING (114 35, 115 36, 116 37)', 4326), '[2010-01-01 14:30, 2010-01-01 15:30)'::tsrange, '{"leafcount":3,"attributes":{"velocity": {"type": "integer", "length": 2,"nullable" : true,"value": [120, 130, 140]}, "accuracy": {"type": "float", "length": 4, "nullable" : false,"value": [120, 130, 140]}, "bearing": {"type": "float", "length": 8, "nullable" : false,"value": [120, 130, 140]}, "vesname": {"type": "string", "length": 20, "nullable" : true,"value": ["adsf", "sdf", "sdfff"]}, "active": {"type": "timestamp", "nullable" : false,"value": ["Fri Jan 01 14:30:00 2010", "Fri Jan 01 15:00:00 2010", "Fri Jan 01 15:30:00 2010"]}}, "events": [{"1" : "Fri Jan 01 14:30:00 2010"}, {"2" : "Fri Jan 01 15:00:00 2010"}, {"3" : "Fri Jan 01 15:30:00 2010"}]}');                        st_maketrajectory         
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 
 {"trajectory":{"version":1,"type":"STPOINT","leafcount":3,"start_time":"2010-01-01 14:30:00","end_time":"2010-01-01 15:30:00","spatial":"SRID=4326;LINESTRING(114 35,115 36,116 37)","timeline":["2010-01-01 14:30:00","2010-01-01 15:00:00","2010-01-01 15:30:00"],"attributes":{"leafcount":3,"velocity":{"type":"integer","length":2,"nullable":true,"value":[120,130,140]},"accuracy":{"type":"float","length":4,"nullable":false,"value":[120.0,130.0,140.0]},"bearing":{"type":"float","length":8,"nullable":false,"value":[120.0,130.0,140.0]},"vesname":{"type":"string","length":20,"nullable":true,"value":["adsf","sdf","sdfff"]},"active":{"type":"timestamp","length":8,"nullable":false,"value":["2010-01-01 14:30:00","2010-01-01 15:00:00","2010-01-01 15:30:00"]}},"events":[{"1":"2010-01-01 14:30:00"},{"2":"2010-01-01 15:00:00"},{"3":"2010-01-01 15:30:00"}]}}
(1 row)

-- (2) ST_MakeTrajectory with start timestamp and end timestamp
select ST_MakeTrajectory('STPOINT'::leaftype, st_geomfromtext('LINESTRING (114 35, 115 36, 116 37)', 4326), '2010-01-01 14:30'::timestamp, '2010-01-01 15:30'::timestamp, '{"leafcount":3,"attributes":{"velocity": {"type": "integer", "length": 2,"nullable" : true,"value": [120, 130, 140]}, "accuracy": {"type": "float", "length": 4, "nullable" : false,"value": [120, 130, 140]}, "bearing": {"type": "float", "length": 8, "nullable" : false,"value": [120, 130, 140]}, "vesname": {"type": "string", "length": 20, "nullable" : true,"value": ["adsf", "sdf", "sdfff"]}, "active": {"type": "timestamp", "nullable" : false,"value": ["Fri Jan 01 14:30:00 2010", "Fri Jan 01 15:00:00 2010", "Fri Jan 01 15:30:00 2010"]}}, "events": [{"1" : "Fri Jan 01 14:30:00 2010"}, {"2" : "Fri Jan 01 15:00:00 2010"}, {"3" : "Fri Jan 01 15:30:00 2010"}]}');                        st_maketrajectory         
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 
 {"trajectory":{"version":1,"type":"STPOINT","leafcount":3,"start_time":"2010-01-01 14:30:00","end_time":"2010-01-01 15:30:00","spatial":"SRID=4326;LINESTRING(114 35,115 36,116 37)","timeline":["2010-01-01 14:30:00","2010-01-01 15:00:00","2010-01-01 15:30:00"],"attributes":{"leafcount":3,"velocity":{"type":"integer","length":2,"nullable":true,"value":[120,130,140]},"accuracy":{"type":"float","length":4,"nullable":false,"value":[120.0,130.0,140.0]},"bearing":{"type":"float","length":8,"nullable":false,"value":[120.0,130.0,140.0]},"vesname":{"type":"string","length":20,"nullable":true,"value":["adsf","sdf","sdfff"]},"active":{"type":"timestamp","length":8,"nullable":false,"value":["2010-01-01 14:30:00","2010-01-01 15:00:00","2010-01-01 15:30:00"]}},"events":[{"1":"2010-01-01 14:30:00"},{"2":"2010-01-01 15:00:00"},{"3":"2010-01-01 15:30:00"}]}}
(1 row)

-- (3) ST_MakeTrajectory with timestamp array
select ST_MakeTrajectory('STPOINT'::leaftype, st_geomfromtext('LINESTRING (114 35, 115 36, 116 37)', 4326), ARRAY['2010-01-01 14:30'::timestamp, '2010-01-01 15:00'::timestamp, '2010-01-01 15:30'::timestamp], '{"leafcount":3,"attributes":{"velocity": {"type": "integer", "length": 2,"nullable" : true,"value": [120, 130, 140]}, "accuracy": {"type": "float", "length": 4, "nullable" : false,"value": [120, 130, 140]}, "bearing": {"type": "float", "length": 8, "nullable" : false,"value": [120, 130, 140]}, "vesname": {"type": "string", "length": 20, "nullable" : true,"value": ["adsf", "sdf", "sdfff"]}, "active": {"type": "timestamp", "nullable" : false,"value": ["Fri Jan 01 14:30:00 2010", "Fri Jan 01 15:00:00 2010", "Fri Jan 01 15:30:00 2010"]}}, "events": [{"1" : "Fri Jan 01 14:30:00 2010"}, {"2" : "Fri Jan 01 15:00:00 2010"}, {"3" : "Fri Jan 01 15:30:00 2010"}]}');                        st_maketrajectory         
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 
 {"trajectory":{"version":1,"type":"STPOINT","leafcount":3,"start_time":"2010-01-01 14:30:00","end_time":"2010-01-01 15:30:00","spatial":"SRID=4326;LINESTRING(114 35,115 36,116 37)","timeline":["2010-01-01 14:30:00","2010-01-01 15:00:00","2010-01-01 15:30:00"],"attributes":{"leafcount":3,"velocity":{"type":"integer","length":2,"nullable":true,"value":[120,130,140]},"accuracy":{"type":"float","length":4,"nullable":false,"value":[120.0,130.0,140.0]},"bearing":{"type":"float","length":8,"nullable":false,"value":[120.0,130.0,140.0]},"vesname":{"type":"string","length":20,"nullable":true,"value":["adsf","sdf","sdfff"]},"active":{"type":"timestamp","length":8,"nullable":false,"value":["2010-01-01 14:30:00","2010-01-01 15:00:00","2010-01-01 15:30:00"]}},"events":[{"1":"2010-01-01 14:30:00"},{"2":"2010-01-01 15:00:00"},{"3":"2010-01-01 15:30:00"}]}}
(1 row)  

-- (4) json is null
select ST_MakeTrajectory('STPOINT'::leaftype, st_geomfromtext('LINESTRING (114 35, 115 36, 116 37)', 4326), '[2010-01-01 14:30, 2010-01-01 15:30)'::tsrange, null); 
                        st_maketrajectory                                                                                                                  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 
{"trajectory":{"leafsize":3,"starttime":"Fri Jan 01 14:30:00 2010","endtime":"Fri Jan 01 15:30:00 2010","spatial":"LINESTRING(114 35,115 36,116 37)","timeline":["Fri Jan 01 14:30:00 2010","Fri Jan 01 15:00:00 2010","Fri Jan 01 15:30:00 2010"]}}
(1 row)

-- (5) ST_MakeTrajectory make from points
select st_makeTrajectory('STPOINT'::leaftype, ARRAY[1::float8], ARRAY[2::float8], 4326, ARRAY['2010-01-01 11:30'::timestamp], ARRAY['velocity'], ARRAY[1::int4], NULL, NULL, NULL::anyarray);
                                                            st_maketrajectory                             

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
{"trajectory":{"version":1,"type":"STPOINT","leafcount":1,"start_time":"2010-01-01 11:30:00","end_time":"2010-01-01 11:30:00","spatial":"SRID=4326;POINT(1 2)","timeline":["2010-01-01 11:30:00"],"attributes":{"leafcount":1,"velocity":{"type":"integer","length":4,"nullable":true,"value":[1]}}}}
(1 row)

-- (6) ST_MakeTrajectory from table
create table tjrows(t timestamp, x double precision, y double precision, id int, attr text);
CREATE TABLE

insert into tjrows values ('2000-01-01 10:00:00', 3, 5, 1, 'the first point'), ('2000-01-01 11:00:00', 4, 6,2, 'the second point'), ('2000-01-01 11:05:00', 5,7,3,'the third point');
INSERT 0 3

select ST_MakeTrajectory(array_agg(row(tjrows.*)), false, '{"id","attr"}'::cstring[]) from tjrows;

                       st_maketrajectory

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
----------------------------------------------------------------
 {"trajectory":{"version":1,"type":"STPOINT","leafcount":3,"start_time":"2000-01-01 10:00:00","end_time":"2000-01-01 11:05:00","spatial":"LINESTRING(3 5,4 6,5 7)","timeline":["2000-01-01 10:00:00",
"2000-01-01 11:00:00","2000-01-01 11:05:00"],"attributes":{"leafcount":3,"id":{"type":"integer","length":4,"nullable":true,"value":[1,2,3]},"attr":{"type":"string","length":64,"nullable":true,"valu
e":["the first point","the second point","the third point"]}}}}
(1 row)