This topic describes the data types and parameters that are supported by Oracle Writer and how to configure Oracle Writer by using the codeless user interface (UI) and code editor.

Oracle Writer writes data to tables in primary Oracle databases. Oracle Writer connects to a remote Oracle database by using Java Database Connectivity (JDBC) and executes the INSERT INTO statement to write data to the Oracle database.
Note
  • Before you configure Oracle Writer, you must add an Oracle data source. For more information, see Configure an Oracle data source.
  • Oracle Writer uses the ojdbc6-12.1.1.jar driver. For more information about the supported versions of Oracle JDBC drivers, see Oracle JDBC FAQ.

Oracle Writer is designed for extract, transform, load (ETL) developers to import data in data warehouses to Oracle databases. Oracle Writer can also be used as a data migration tool by users such as database administrators.

Oracle Writer obtains data from a reader, connects to a remote Oracle database by using JDBC, and then executes an SQL statement to write data to the Oracle database.

Data types

Oracle Writer supports most Oracle data types. Make sure that the data types of your database are supported.

The following table lists the data types that are supported by Oracle Writer.
Category Oracle data type
Integer NUMBER, ROWID, INTEGER, INT, and SMALLINT
Floating point NUMERIC, DECIMAL, FLOAT, DOUBLE PRECISION, and REAL
String LONG, CHAR, NCHAR, VARCHAR, VARCHAR2, NVARCHAR2, CLOB, NCLOB, CHARACTER, CHARACTER VARYING, CHAR VARYING, NATIONAL CHARACTER, NATIONAL CHAR, NATIONAL CHARACTER VARYING, NATIONAL CHAR VARYING, and NCHAR VARYING
Date and time TIMESTAMP and DATE
Boolean BIT and BOOLEAN
Binary BLOB, BFILE, RAW, and LONG RAW

Parameters

Parameter Description Required Default value
datasource The name of the data source. It must be the same as the name of the added data source. You can add data sources by using the code editor. Yes No default value
table The name of the table to which you want to write data. If the table uses the default schema for the destination database, you must set this parameter to the name of the table to which you want to write data. If the table uses a custom schema, you must specify this parameter in the Schema name.Name of the table to which you want to write data format. Yes No default value
writeMode The write mode. Valid value: insert into. If a primary key conflict or unique index conflict occurs, data cannot be written to the conflicting rows, and the data that is not written to these rows is regarded as dirty data. No insert into
column The names of the columns to which you want to write data. Separate the names with commas (,), such as "column": ["id","name","age"]. If you want to write data to all the columns in the destination table, set this parameter to an asterisk (*), such as "column":["*"]. Yes No default value
preSql The SQL statement that you want to execute before the synchronization node is run. For example, you can set this parameter to the SQL statement that is used to delete outdated data. You can execute only one SQL statement on the codeless UI and multiple SQL statements in the code editor. No No default value
postSql The SQL statement that you want to execute after the synchronization node is run. For example, you can set this parameter to the SQL statement that is used to add a timestamp. You can execute only one SQL statement on the codeless UI and multiple SQL statements in the code editor. No No default value
batchSize The number of data records to write at a time. Set this parameter to an appropriate value based on your business requirements. This greatly reduces the interactions between Data Integration and Oracle and increases throughput. If you set this parameter to an excessively large value, an out of memory (OOM) error may occur during data synchronization. No 1,024

Configure Oracle Writer by using the codeless UI

  1. Configure data sources.
    Configure Source and Target for the synchronization node. Configure data sources
    Parameter Description
    Connection The name of the data source to which you want to write data. This parameter is equivalent to the datasource parameter that is described in the preceding section.
    Table The table to which you want to write data. This parameter is equivalent to the table parameter that is described in the preceding section.
    Statement Run Before Writing The SQL statement that you want to execute before the synchronization node is run. This parameter is equivalent to the preSql parameter that is described in the preceding section.
    Statement Run After Writing The SQL statement that you want to execute after the synchronization node is run. This parameter is equivalent to the postSql parameter that is described in the preceding section.
    Solution to Primary Key Violation The write mode. This parameter is equivalent to the writeMode parameter that is described in the preceding section. You can select the desired write mode.
  2. Configure field mapping. This operation is equivalent to setting the column parameter that is described in the preceding section. Fields in the source on the left have a one-to-one mapping with fields in the destination on the right. Field mappings
    Operation Description
    Map Fields with the Same Name Click Map Fields with the Same Name to establish mappings between fields with the same name. The data types of the fields must match.
    Map Fields in the Same Line Click Map Fields in the Same Line to establish mappings between fields in the same row. The data types of the fields must match.
    Delete All Mappings Click Delete All Mappings to remove the mappings that are established.
    Auto Layout Click Auto Layout. Then, the system automatically sorts the fields based on specific rules.
  3. Configure channel control policies. Channel control
    Parameter Description
    Expected Maximum Concurrency The maximum number of parallel threads that the synchronization node uses to read data from the source or write data to the destination. You can configure the parallelism for the synchronization node on the codeless UI.
    Bandwidth Throttling Specifies whether to enable bandwidth throttling. You can enable bandwidth throttling and specify a maximum transmission rate to prevent heavy read workloads on the source. We recommend that you enable bandwidth throttling and set the maximum transmission rate to an appropriate value based on the configurations of the source.
    Dirty Data Records Allowed The maximum number of dirty data records allowed.

Configure Oracle Writer by using the code editor

In the following code, a synchronization node is configured to write data to an Oracle database. For more information about how to configure a synchronization node by using the code editor, see Create a sync node by using the code editor.
Notice Delete the comments from the following code before you run the code:
{
    "type":"job",
    "version":"2.0",// The version number. 
    "steps":[
        { 
            "stepType":"stream",
            "parameter":{},
            "name":"Reader",
            "category":"reader"
        },
        {
            "stepType":"oracle",// The writer type. 
            "parameter":{
                "postSql":[],// The SQL statement that you want to execute after the synchronization node is run. 
                "datasource":"",
                "session":[],// The settings of the session to the database. 
                "column":[// The names of the columns to which you want to write data. 
                    "id",
                    "name"
                ],
                "encoding":"UTF-8",// The encoding format. 
                "batchSize":1024,// The number of data records to write at a time. 
                "table":"",// The name of the table to which you want to write data. 
                "preSql":[]// The SQL statement that you want to execute before the synchronization node is run. 
            },
            "name":"Writer",
            "category":"writer"
        }
    ],
    "setting":{
        "errorLimit":{
            "record":"0"// The maximum number of dirty data records allowed. 
        },
        "speed":{
            "throttle":true,// Specifies whether to enable bandwidth throttling. The value false indicates that bandwidth throttling is disabled, and the value true indicates that bandwidth throttling is enabled. The mbps parameter takes effect only when the throttle parameter is set to true.
            "concurrent":1, // The maximum number of parallel threads. 
            "mbps":"12"// The maximum transmission rate.
        }
    },
    "order":{
        "hops":[
            {
                "from":"Reader",
                "to":"Writer"
            }
        ]
    }
}