After you upload objects to a bucket, Object Storage Service (OSS) automatically generates URLs that include the public endpoint of the bucket for the uploaded objects. You can use these URLs to access the objects. If you want to access the objects by using a custom domain name, you must map the custom domain name to the bucket in which the objects are stored.

Prerequisites

  • A custom domain name is registered. For more information about how to register a custom domain name, see Register a generic domain name.
  • The Internet Content Provider (ICP) filing is complete for the domain name of the bucket that is located in the Chinese mainland and to which you want to map the custom domain name.

    For more information about how to apply for an ICP filing, see What is an ICP filing?.

Procedure

  1. Map a custom domain name to a bucket.
    1. Log on to the OSS console.
    2. In the left-side navigation pane, click Buckets. On the Buckets page, click the name of the bucket that you want to manage.
    3. In the left-side navigation pane, choose Transmission > Domain Names.
    4. Click Map Custom Domain Name.
    5. In the Map Custom Domain Name panel, enter the domain name that you want to map in the Custom Domain Name field.
      Domain names that contain wildcard characters are not supported. Example: *.example.com.

      If a message appears, which indicates that a domain name conflict occurs, the domain name is mapped to another bucket. To resolve this issue, you can map another domain name to the bucket or verify the ownership of the domain name and forcibly map the domain name to the bucket. If you verify the ownership of the domain name and forcibly map the domain name to the bucket, the mapping between the domain name and another bucket is removed. For more information, see Verify the ownership of a domain name.

  2. Add a CNAME record.
    • If the domain name is managed by your Alibaba Cloud account, perform the following steps to automatically add a CNAME record.
      1. In the Map Custom Domain Name panel, turn on Add CNAME Record Automatically.
        Notice If the domain name has a CNAME record, the CNAME record is updated to the new CNAME record.
      2. Click Submit.
    • If the domain name is not managed by your Alibaba Cloud account, manually add a CNAME record.

      If the domain name is not hosted by Alibaba Cloud, you must add a CNAME record to the Domain Name System (DNS) of your DNS provider.

      The following example shows how to use Alibaba Cloud DNS to manually add a CNAME record for a domain name that is not hosted by Alibaba Cloud:

      1. Log on to the Alibaba Cloud DNS console.
      2. On the Manage DNS page, click Configure in the Actions column of the domain name to which you want to add a CNAME record.
      3. On the DNS Settings page, click Add Record. In the Add Record panel, configure the parameters. The following table describes the parameters.
        Parameter Description
        Type Select the type of the record that you want to add. In this example, CNAME is selected.
        Host Enter the host record based on the prefix of the domain name.
        • To add a top-level domain such as aliyun.com, enter @.
        • To add a second-level domain, enter the prefix of the second-level domain. If the domain name is help.aliyun.com, enter help.
        • To map all second-level domains to the domain name of the bucket, enter *.
        ISP Line Select the ISP line that is used to resolve the domain name. To allow the system to select the optimal line, we recommend that you select Default for this parameter.
        Value Enter the domain name of the bucket. The domain name of a bucket is in the BucketName.Endpoint format. The public endpoint of the China (Hangzhou) region is oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com. If you create a bucket named examplebucket in the China (Hangzhou) region, the domain name of the bucket is examplebucket.oss-cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com.
        TTL Select the interval at which the record is updated. In this example, the default value is used.
      4. Click Confirm.

        A new CNAME record immediately takes effect. The time required for a modified CNAME record to take effect is 72 hours.

Check whether the CNAME record takes effect

You can run the ping command or the lookup command to check whether a specified CNAME is in effect. If the request is redirected to *.oss-cn-*.aliyuncs.com, the CNAME is in effect.

Verify the ownership of a domain name

If a message appears, which indicates that a domain name conflict occurs, you can verify the ownership of the domain name and forcibly map the domain name to the bucket.

  1. Click Obtain TXT.
    OSS randomly generates a token for the domain name, which includes the following fields: Domain, Host, and Value. Store the token information in a secure location. Domain name
  2. Add a TXT record to your DNS records. Enter the recorded values of the Host and Value fields and retain the default settings of other parameters.
    For more information about how to add a CNAME record, see Manually add a CNAME record.
  3. In the Map Custom Domain Name panel, read and select I have added the TXT record. Continue submission.
    If your configurations are correct, OSS maps the custom domain name to the bucket.

Remove a domain name mapping

If you no longer need to use a custom domain name, you can remove the mapping of the custom domain name from a bucket.

  1. On the management page of the bucket from which you want to remove the custom domain name mapping, choose Transmission > Domain Names.
  2. On the Domain Names tab, click Manage Mapping Configurations in the Actions column of the domain name for which you want to remove the mapping.
  3. In the Manage Mapping Configurations panel, click Unbind. Then, click OK.