This topic describes terms related to FPGA as a Service (FaaS).

FaaS terms

FPGAA field-programmable gate array (FPGA) contains an array of programmable logic blocks and can be used for parallel hardware acceleration. What is FPGA as a Service?
FaaSA service that provides a unified hardware platform and middleware in the cloud to reduce the development and deployment costs of accelerators. FaaS platform
faasutilA next-generation command line tool used to configure environments and generate and load FPGA images by running simple commands. Obtain faasutil
faascmdA command-line tool provided by FaaS to manage FPGA-accelerated Elastic Compute Service (ECS) instances. It is a script developed based on SDK for Python. Overview
FPGA imageAn image used by an FPGA device to provide acceleration in a secure manner. FPGA images are managed by faascmd. None
OSSObject Storage Service, which is a secure, cost-effective, and reliable object storage service that allows you to store, back up, and archive large amounts of data in the cloud. When you use FaaS, you must create OSS buckets to store the relevant files. What is OSS?

ECS terms

ECS instanceAn ECS instance is a virtual server that includes basic components such as vCPUs, memory, an operating system (OS), network configurations, and disks.
ECS instance typeInstance types define the basic attributes such as computing capacity, storage capacity, and networking performance of ECS instances. Instance types must be used together with images, Elastic Block Storage (EBS) devices, and network resources to create ECS instances that serve different purposes.
imageImages contain information that is necessary to run ECS instances, such as OSs and initialization data of applications.
public imagePublic images are base images provided by Alibaba Cloud. Public images are licensed and include Windows Server OS images and mainstream Linux OS images.
Alibaba Cloud Linux 2 and 3 are OSs provided by Alibaba Cloud. They offer a safe, stable, and high-performance customized environment for applications on ECS instances and are optimized for the infrastructure of Alibaba Cloud.
custom imageYou can create or import custom images. Custom images contain the initial system environment, application environment, and related software configurations. This eliminates the need for repeated manual configurations.
Elastic Block Storage deviceEBS devices offer high performance and reduce latency. You can partition and format EBS devices and create file systems on the devices to meet the data storage requirements of your business.
diskDisks are block-level EBS devices that use a triplicate mechanism to ensure 99.9999999% data durability for ECS instances.
local diskLocal disks are located on the same physical server as the ECS instance to which the disks are attached. Local disks are cost-effective and provide high storage I/O. However, the durability of data stored on local disks is determined by the reliability of the associated physical server, which increases the risks of single points of failure (SPOFs).
snapshotA snapshot is a point-in-time backup of a disk and is used to back up or restore the disk.
security groupA security group is a virtual firewall that is used to control the inbound and outbound traffic of ECS instances in the security group.
SSH key pairAn SSH key pair is a secure and convenient authentication method provided by Alibaba Cloud for instance logons. An SSH key pair consists of a public key and a private key. You can use SSH key pairs to log on to only Linux instances.
Instance RAM roleInstance Resource Access Management (RAM) roles enable ECS instances to assume roles with specific access permissions. An instance can access the APIs of specified Alibaba Cloud services and manage specified Alibaba Cloud resources based on a Security Token Service (STS) temporary credential to ensure high security.
virtual private cloud (VPC)A VPC is a private network established on Alibaba Cloud. VPCs are logically isolated from each other based on tunnels. You have full control over your VPCs. For example, you can specify CIDR blocks and configure route tables and gateways for your VPCs.
elastic network interface (ENI)An ENI is an independent virtual network interface that can be bound to or unbound from an ECS instance to implement the flexible scaling and migration of services.
launch templateA launch template contains configuration information that you can use to create ECS instances and eliminates repeated manual configurations.
deployment setDeployment sets support the high availability strategy. After you apply a high availability strategy to a deployment set, all the instances within the deployment set are distributed across different physical servers to ensure business availability and disaster recovery capabilities at the underlying layer.
dedicated hostA dedicated host is a cloud host whose physical resources are exclusively reserved for a single tenant. Dedicated hosts meet strict security and compliance requirements and support Bring Your Own License (BYOL) when you migrate services to the cloud.
auto provisioning groupAuto provisioning groups support quick deployment of instance clusters across instance types and zones. Auto provisioning groups can create preemptible instances and pay-as-you-go instances by using a combination of provisioning policies to provide high stability at low cost.
tagEach tag consists of a key and a value. You can add tags to resources that have identical characteristics, such as resources that belong to the same organization and resources that serve the same purpose. You can use tags to search for and manage resources in an efficient manner.
resource groupResource groups allow you to manage resources across services and regions based on your business requirements and manage the permissions of resource groups.
Cloud AssistantCloud Assistant is an automated O&M tool provided by Alibaba Cloud. Cloud Assistant allows you to perform operations such as running commands in ECS instances and sending files to ECS instances without logging on to the ECS instances.
system eventSystem events are scheduled or unexpected O&M events that affect the running status of ECS instances and require the restart, stop, or release of ECS instances. For system events, ECS sends you notifications that contain information such as solutions and event cycles so that you can back up data and make preparations in a timely manner.