If your Elastic Compute Service (ECS) instance repeatedly goes down on startup and the "VFS: Unable to mount root fs on unknown-block" message appears in a log, you can use the solution described in this topic to fix the issue.
[ 1.573197] Kernel panic - not syncing: VFS: Unable to mount root fs on unknown-block(0,0) [ 1.574179] CPU: 4 PID: 1 Comm: swapper/0 Not tainted 3.10.0-1160.6.1.el7.x86_64 #1 [ 1.575045] Hardware name: Alibaba Cloud Alibaba Cloud ECS, BIOS 8f19b21 04/01/2014 [ 1.575900] Call Trace: [ 1.576246] [<ffffffff8f381400>] dump_stack+0x19/0x1b [ 1.576845] [<ffffffff8f37a958>] panic+0xe8/0x21f [ 1.577433] [<ffffffff8f98b794>] mount_block_root+0x291/0x2a0 [ 1.578122] [<ffffffff8f98b7f6>] mount_root+0x53/0x56 [ 1.578719] [<ffffffff8f98b935>] prepare_namespace+0x13c/0x174 [ 1.579425] [<ffffffff8f98b412>] kernel_init_freeable+0x222/0x249 [ 1.580150] [<ffffffff8f98ab28>] ? initcall_blacklist+0xb0/0xb0 [ 1.580838] [<ffffffff8f36fa90>] ? rest_init+0x80/0x80 [ 1.581462] [<ffffffff8f36fa9e>] kernel_init+0xe/0x100 [ 1.582073] [<ffffffff8f394df7>] ret_from_fork_nospec_begin+0x21/0x21 [ 1.582814] [<ffffffff8f36fa90>] ? rest_init+0x80/0x80
The instance cannot find the file system of the root partition. This issue may be because the kernel update is unexpectedly stopped or fails and thus rootfs is destroyed.
We recommend that you change the system disk of the instance or roll back disks by using snapshots that you have created for the disks. For more information, see Replace the operating system of an instance by using a public image or Roll back a disk by using a snapshot.
If you have requests or feedback, you can submit a ticket to contact Alibaba Cloud.