This topic describes how to migrate from an ApsaraDB for Redis instance to another ApsaraDB for Redis instance across Alibaba Cloud accounts by using Data Transmission Service (DTS). DTS supports full data migration and incremental data migration. When you configure a data migration task, you can select both of the supported migration types to ensure service continuity.

Prerequisites

  • The available storage space of the destination ApsaraDB for Redis instance is larger than the total size of the data in the source ApsaraDB for Redis instance.
  • If the source ApsaraDB for Redis instance is a Community Edition instance, the engine version must be 4.0 or 5.0. If the source ApsaraDB for Redis instance is an Enhanced Edition instance, the engine version must be 5.0.

Supported source and destination databases

You can use DTS to migrate data between the following types of Redis databases across Alibaba Cloud accounts.

Source database Destination database
  • ApsaraDB for Redis instance
  • Self-managed database that is hosted on Elastic Compute Service (ECS)
  • Self-managed database that is connected over Express Connect, VPN Gateway, or Smart Access Gateway
  • Self-managed database that is connected over Cloud Enterprise Network (CEN)
  • ApsaraDB for Redis instance
  • Self-managed database that is hosted on ECS
  • Self-managed database that is connected over Express Connect, VPN Gateway, or Smart Access Gateway
  • Self-managed database that is connected over CEN

Limits

Category Description
Limits on the source database
  • Bandwidth requirements: The server to which the source database belongs must have sufficient egress bandwidth. Otherwise, the data migration speed is affected.
  • If you perform only incremental data migration, you must enable the data logging feature. In addition, the append-only file (AOF) logs of the source database must be stored for more than 24 hours.
  • If you perform both full data migration and incremental data migration, you must enable the data logging feature. In addition, the AOF logs of the source database must be stored for at least seven days. After full data migration is completed, you can set the retention period to more than 24 hours. Otherwise, DTS may fail to obtain the AOF logs and the task may fail. In extreme cases, data may be inconsistent or lost. Make sure that you set the retention period of AOF logs based on the preceding requirements. Otherwise, the Service Level Agreement (SLA) of DTS does not guarantee service reliability and performance.
  • Limits on operations: If you perform only full data migration, do not write data to the source database during data migration. Otherwise, data will be inconsistent between the source and destination databases. To ensure data consistency, we recommend that you select Full Data Migration and Incremental Data Migration as the migration types.
Other limits
  • If the source or destination database is an ApsaraDB for Redis instance, the disk type of the instance must be local disk rather than cloud disk.
  • If the data eviction policy (maxmemory-policy) of the destination database is not set to noeviction, data may become inconsistent between the source and destination databases.
  • If you run the EVAL or EVALSHA command to call Lua scripts, DTS cannot identify whether these Lua scripts are executed on the destination database. During incremental data migration, the destination database does not explicitly return the execution results of Lua scripts.
  • When you run the PSYNC or SYNC command to transfer data of the LIST type, DTS does not perform the flush operation on the existing data. Therefore, the destination database may contain duplicate data records.
  • If an expiration policy is enabled for some keys in the source database, these keys may not be deleted in a timely manner after they expired. Therefore, the number of keys in the destination database may be less than that in the source database. You can run the info command to view the number of keys in the destination database.
    Note The number of keys that do not have an expiration policy or have not expired is the same in the source and destination databases.
  • To ensure compatibility, the version of the destination Redis database must be the same as or later than the version of the source Redis database.
    Note If the version of the destination database is earlier than the version of the source database, database compatibility issues may occur.
  • Before you migrate data, evaluate the impact of data migration on the performance of the source and destination databases. We recommend that you migrate data during off-peak hours. During full data migration, DTS uses read and write resources of the source and destination databases. This may increase the loads of the database servers.
  • During full data migration, concurrent INSERT operations cause fragmentation in the tables of the destination database. After full data migration is completed, the tablespace of the destination database is larger than that of the source database.
  • DTS attempts to resume data migration tasks that failed within the last seven days. Before you switch workloads to the destination instance, stop or release the data migration task. You can also run the revoke command to revoke the write permissions from the accounts that are used by DTS to access the destination instance. Otherwise, the data in the source database will overwrite the data in the destination instance after the task is resumed.
  • If both the source and destination databases are ApsaraDB for Redis Community Edition or Enhanced Edition, take note of the following limits: If the database specifications are changed (for example, the specifications are upgraded or the port number is changed), DTS cannot obtain continuous log data and correct connection information. As a result, the data migration task is interrupted. To ensure data consistency, we recommend that you delete the data in the destination database and reconfigure the data migration task after the database specifications are changed.
Special cases If the source database is a self-managed Redis database, take note of the following limits:
  • If you perform a primary/secondary switchover on the source database when the data migration task is running, the task fails.
  • DTS calculates migration latency based on the timestamp of the latest migrated data in the destination database and the current timestamp in the source database. If no data manipulation language (DML) operation is performed on the source database for a long time, the migration latency may be inaccurate. If the latency of the migration task is too high, you can perform a DML operation on the source database to update the latency.
    Note If you select an entire database as the object to be migrated, you can create a heartbeat table. The heartbeat table is updated or receives data every second.

Migration types

Migration type Description
Full data migration

DTS migrates historical data of the required objects from the source database to the destination database.

Incremental data migration

After full data migration is completed, DTS migrates incremental data from the source database to the destination database. Incremental data migration allows you to ensure service continuity when you migrate data between self-managed databases.

Commands that can be migrated

  • APPEND
  • BITOP, BLPOP, BRPOP, and BRPOPLPUSH
  • DECR, DECRBY, and DEL
  • EVAL, EVALSHA, EXEC, EXPIRE, and EXPIREAT
  • FLUSHALL and FLUSHDB
  • GEOADD and GETSET
  • HDEL, HINCRBY, HINCRBYFLOAT, HMSET, HSET, and HSETNX
  • INCR, INCRBY, and INCRBYFLOAT
  • LINSERT, LPOP, LPUSH, LPUSHX, LREM, LSET, and LTRIM
  • MOVE, MSET, MSETNX, and MULTI
  • PERSIST, PEXPIRE, PEXPIREAT, PFADD, PFMERGE, PSETEX, and PUBLISH
  • RENAME, RENAMENX, RESTORE, RPOP, RPOPLPUSH, RPUSH, and RPUSHX
  • SADD, SDIFFSTORE, SELECT, SET, SETBIT, SETEX, SETNX, SETRANGE, SINTERSTORE, SMOVE, SPOP, SREM, and SUNIONSTORE
  • ZADD, ZINCRBY, ZINTERSTORE, ZREM, ZREMRANGEBYLEX, ZUNIONSTORE, ZREMRANGEBYRANK, and ZREMRANGEBYSCORE

Before you begin

Use the Alibaba Cloud account that owns the source ApsaraDB for Redis instance to log on to the Alibaba Cloud Management Console. Then, create a RAM role and specify the Alibaba Cloud account that owns the destination ApsaraDB for Redis instance as a trusted account. For more information, see Configure RAM authorization for cross-account data migration and synchronization.

Procedure

  1. Go to the Data Migration page of the new DTS console.
    Note You can also log on to the Data Management (DMS) console. In the top navigation bar, choose DTS > Data Migration.
  2. In the upper-left corner of the page, select the region where the data migration instance resides.
    Select a region
  3. Click Create Task. On the page that appears, configure the source and destination databases.
    Warning After you select the source and destination instances, we recommend that you read the limits displayed at the top of the page. This helps you create and run the data migration task.
    Configure the source and destination databases
    Section Parameter Description
    N/A Task Name

    DTS automatically generates a task name. We recommend that you specify an informative name to identify the task. You do not need to use a unique task name.

    Source Database Select Template
    If the connection settings of the instance has been saved as a template, you can select the connection name. DTS automatically applies the saved connection settings.
    Note
    • You can modify the connection settings of a template.
    • To edit the template name, you can click Edit Template Name at the bottom of the Source Database section.
    • The modified connection template will take effect the next time you select the connection template. The database instance that you have configured by using the template is not affected.
    Database Type Select Redis.
    Access Method Select Alibaba Cloud Instance.
    Instance Region Select the region where the source ApsaraDB for Redis instance resides.
    Replicate Data Across Alibaba Cloud Accounts Select Yes.
    Alibaba Cloud Account Enter the ID of the Alibaba Cloud account that owns the source ApsaraDB for Redis instance.
    Note To obtain the ID of the Alibaba Cloud account that owns the source ApsaraDB for Redis instance, you must log on to the Account Management console by using this account. The account ID is displayed on the Security Settings page.
    Obtain an Alibaba Cloud account ID
    RAM Role Name Enter the name of the RAM role that you created earlier in Before you begin.
    Database Password Enter the database password of the source ApsaraDB for Redis instance. The database account that corresponds to the password must have the read permissions. If you forget the password, you can reset the password. For more information, see Change or reset the password.
    • If you use the default account, whose username is the same as the instance ID, you can enter only the password.
    • If you create a custom account, you must specify the password in the <Custom account>:<Password> format. Example: testaccount:Test1234.
    Note This parameter is optional and can be left blank if no database password is set.
    Save as Template
    Click Save as Template. In the dialog box that appears, set the name of the database connection, and click OK. The connection settings of the database instance is saved as a template.
    Note We recommend that you specify an informative name to identify the database connection. You do not need to use a unique name.
    Destination Database Select Template
    If the connection settings of the instance has been saved as a template, you can select the connection name. DTS automatically applies the saved connection settings.
    Note
    • You can modify the connection settings of a template.
    • To edit the template name, you can click Edit Template Name at the bottom of the Source Database section.
    • The modified connection template will take effect the next time you select the connection template. The database instance that you have configured by using the template is not affected.
    Database Type Select Redis.
    Access Method Select Alibaba Cloud Instance.
    Instance Region Select the region where the destination ApsaraDB for Redis instance resides.
    Instance ID Select the ID of the destination ApsaraDB for Redis instance.
    Database Password Enter the database password of the destination ApsaraDB for Redis instance. The database account that corresponds to the password must have the read permissions. If you forget the password, you can reset the password. For more information, see Change or reset the password.
    • If you use the default account, whose username is the same as the instance ID, you can enter only the password.
    • If you create a custom account, you must specify the password in the <Custom account>:<Password> format. Example: testaccount:Test1234.
    Save as Template
    Click Save as Template. In the dialog box that appears, set the name of the database connection, and click OK. The connection settings of the database instance is saved as a template.
    Note We recommend that you specify an informative name to identify the database connection. You do not need to use a unique name.
  4. In the lower part of the page, click Test Connectivity and Proceed.
  5. Select objects for the task and configure advanced settings.
    • Basic SettingsBasic Settings
      Parameter Description
      Task Stages
      • To perform only full data migration, select only Full Data Migration.
      • To ensure service continuity during data migration, select Full Data Migration and Incremental Data Migration.
      Note If Incremental Data Migration is not selected, we recommend that you do not write data to the source instance during data migration. This ensures data consistency between the source and destination instances.

      For more information, see Migration types.

      Processing Mode of Conflicting Tables
      • Precheck and Report Errors: checks whether the destination database contains tables that have the same names as tables in the source database. If the source and destination databases do not contain identical table names, the precheck is passed. Otherwise, an error is returned during precheck and the data migration task cannot be started.

      • Ignore Errors and Proceed: skips the precheck for identical table names in the source and destination databases.
        Warning If you select Ignore Errors and Proceed, data consistency is not guaranteed and your business may be exposed to potential risks.
        • If the source and destination databases have the same schema, DTS does not migrate data records that have the same primary keys as data records in the destination database.
        • If the source and destination databases have different schemas, only some columns are migrated or the data migration task fails.
      Select Objects

      Select one or more objects from the Source Objects section and click the Rightwards arrow icon to move the objects to the Selected Objects section.

      Note You can select only databases as the objects to be migrated. You cannot select keys as the objects to be migrated.
      Rename Databases and Tables In this scenario, you cannot rename objects.
      Select the commands to be migrated In the Selected Objects section, right-click an object. In the dialog box that appears, select the commands that you want to migrate. For more information, see Commands that can be migrated.
    • Advanced SettingsAdvanced Settings
      Parameter Description
      Set Alerts
      Specify whether to set alerts for the data migration task. If the task fails or the migration latency exceeds the threshold, the alert contacts will receive notifications.
      • Select No if you do not want to set alerts.
      • Select Yes to set alerts. In this case, you must also set the alert threshold and alert contacts.
      Retry Time for Failed Connections
      Specify the retry time for failed connections. Valid values: 10 to 1440. Unit: minutes. Default value: 120. We recommend that you set the retry time to more than 30 minutes. If DTS reconnects to the source and destination databases within the specified time, DTS resumes the data migration task. Otherwise, the data migration task fails.
      Note
      • If multiple DTS instances have the same source or destination database, the lowest value takes effect. For example, the retry time is set to 30 minutes for Instance A and 60 minutes for Instance B, DTS retries failed connections at an interval of 30 minutes.
      • When DTS retries a connection, you are charged for the DTS instance. We recommend that you specify the retry time based on your business needs. You can also release the DTS instance at your earliest opportunity after the source and destination instances are released.
  6. In the lower part of the page, click Next: Save Task Settings and Precheck.
    Note
    • Before you can start the data migration task, DTS performs a precheck. You can start the data migration task only after the task passes the precheck.
    • If the task fails to pass the precheck, you can click the Info icon icon next to each failed item to view details.
      • You can troubleshoot the issues based on the causes and run a precheck again.
      • If you do not need to troubleshoot the issues, you can ignore failed items and run a precheck again.
  7. Wait until the Success Rate becomes 100%. Then, click Next: Purchase Instance.
  8. On the Purchase Instance page, specify the Instance Class parameter for the data migration instance. The following table describes the parameter.
    Section Parameter Description
    Parameters Instance Class

    DTS provides several instance classes that have different performance in migration speed. You can select an instance class based on your business scenario. For more information, see Specifications of data migration instances.

  9. Read and select Data Transmission Service (Pay-as-you-go) Service Terms.
  10. Click Buy and Start to start the data migration task. You can view the progress of the task in the task list.