This topic describes how to migrate data from a self-managed standalone MongoDB database to an ApsaraDB for MongoDB instance by using Data Transmission Service (DTS).

You can also use the built-in commands of MongoDB to migrate self-managed MongoDB databases. For more information, see Migrate self-managed MongoDB databases to standalone instances by using tools provided by MongoDB.

For more information about data migration or synchronization solutions, see Overview.

Prerequisites

  • The versions of the source and destination MongoDB databases are supported by DTS. For more information, see Overview of data migration scenarios.
  • The available storage space of the ApsaraDB for MongoDB instance is larger than the total size of the data in the self-managed MongoDB database.

Precautions

  • By default, oplogs are not supported by self-managed standalone MongoDB databases. If you use a replica set that contains only one node, oplogs are supported for DTS to implement incremental migration.
  • To prevent service disruptions, we recommend that you migrate data during off-peak hours.
  • If the source and destination MongoDB databases use different versions or storage engines, make sure that your applications can run on both databases. For more information about the versions and storage engines that are supported by ApsaraDB for MongoDB, see MongoDB versions and storage engines.
  • The admin or local database cannot be used as the source or destination database.

Billing

Migration type Task configuration fee Internet traffic fee
Full data migration Free of charge. Charged only when data is migrated from Alibaba Cloud over the Internet. For more information, see Pricing.
Incremental data migration Charged. For more information, see Pricing.

Migration types

  • Full data migration: DTS migrates all historical data of the source MongoDB database to the destination MongoDB database.
    Note DTS can migrate the following types of objects: database, collection, and index.
  • Incremental data migration: After full data migration is completed, DTS synchronizes incremental data of the source MongoDB database to the destination MongoDB database.
    Note
    • DTS can synchronize the create and delete operations that are performed on databases, collections, and indexes.
    • DTS can synchronize the create, delete, and update operations that are performed on documents.

Permissions required for database accounts

Database Full data migration
Self-managed MongoDB database The read permissions on the source database
ApsaraDB for MongoDB instance The read and write permissions on the destination database

For more information about how to create and authorize a database account, see the following topics:

Procedure

  1. Log on to the DTS console.
  2. In the left-side navigation pane, click Data Migration.
  3. At the top of the Migration Tasks page, select the region where the ApsaraDB for MongoDB instance resides.
  4. In the upper-right corner of the page, click Create Migration Task.
  5. Configure the source and destination databases.
    MongoDB: Configure the source and destination databases
    Section Parameter Description
    N/A Task Name DTS automatically generates a task name. We recommend that you specify an informative name to identify the task. You do not need to use a unique task name.
    Source Database Instance Type Select an instance type based on the deployment of the source database. In this example, select User-Created Database with Public IP Address.
    Note If you select other instance types, you must deploy the network environment for the source database. For more information, see Preparation overview.
    Instance Region If you select User-Created Database with Public IP Address as the instance type, you do not need to specify the Instance Region parameter.
    Note If a whitelist is configured for the self-managed MongoDB database, you must add the CIDR blocks of DTS servers to the whitelist of the database. You can click Get IP Address Segment of DTS next to Instance Region to obtain the CIDR blocks of DTS servers.
    Database Type Select MongoDB.
    Hostname or IP Address Enter the endpoint that is used to connect to the self-managed MongoDB database. In this example, enter the public IP address.
    Port Number Enter the service port number of the self-managed MongoDB database.
    Note The service port of the self-managed MongoDB database must be accessible over the Internet.
    Database Name Enter the name of the authentication database. The database account is created in this database.
    Database Account Enter the account that is used to log on to the self-managed MongoDB database. For information about the permissions that are required for the account, see Permissions required for database accounts.
    Database Password Enter the password of the database account.
    Note After you specify the source database parameters, click Test Connectivity next to Database Password to verify whether the specified parameters are valid. If the specified parameters are valid, the Passed message appears. If the Failed message appears, click Check next to Failed. Modify the source database parameters based on the check results.
    Encryption Select Non-encrypted.
    Note You can select SSL-encrypted only when you migrate data from MongoDB Atlas.
    Destination Database Instance Type Select MongoDB Instance.
    Instance Region Select the region where the destination ApsaraDB for MongoDB instance resides.
    MongoDB Instance ID Select the ID of the destination ApsaraDB for MongoDB instance.
    Database Name Enter the name of the authentication database. The database account is created in this database.
    Database Account Enter the database account of the destination ApsaraDB for MongoDB instance. For information about the permissions that are required for the account, see Permissions required for database accounts.
    Database Password Enter the password of the database account.
    Note After you specify the destination database parameters, click Test Connectivity next to Database Password to verify whether the specified parameters are valid. If the specified parameters are valid, the Passed message appears. If the Failed message appears, click Check next to Failed. Modify the destination database parameters based on the check results.
  6. In the lower-right corner of the page, click Set Whitelist and Next.
  7. Select the migration types and the objects to be migrated.
    MongoDB: Select the migration types and the objects to be migrated
    Setting Description
    Select migration types
    • To perform only full data migration, select only Full Data Migration.
    • To ensure service continuity during data migration, select Full Data Migration and Incremental Data Migration.
    Note
    • To migrate the incremental data of a standalone MongoDB database by using DTS, you must enable the oplog feature for the database.
    • If Incremental Data Migration is not selected, we recommend that you do not write data to the source instance during full data migration. This ensures data consistency between the source and destination instances.
    Select the objects to be migrated
    • Select one or more objects from the Available section and click the Rightwards arrow icon to move the objects to the Selected section.
      Note DTS cannot migrate data from the admin, local, or config database.
    • You can select databases, collections, or functions as the objects to be migrated.
    • By default, after an object is migrated to the destination database, the name of the object remains unchanged. You can use the object name mapping feature to rename the objects that are migrated to the destination database. For more information, see Object name mapping.
    Specify whether to rename objects You can use the object name mapping feature to rename the objects that are migrated to the destination instance. For more information, see Object name mapping.
    Specify the retry time range for failed connections to the source or destination database By default, if DTS fails to connect to the source or destination database, DTS retries within the next 12 hours. You can specify the retry time range based on your business requirements. If DTS reconnects to the source and destination databases within the specified time range, DTS resumes the data migration task. Otherwise, the data migration task fails.
    Note When DTS retries a connection, you are charged for the DTS instance. We recommend that you specify the retry time range based on your business requirements. You can also release the DTS instance at your earliest opportunity after the source and destination instances are released.
  8. In the lower-right corner of the page, click Precheck.
    Note
    • Before you can start the data migration task, a precheck is performed. You can start the data migration task only after the task passes the precheck.
    • If the task fails to pass the precheck, you can click the Info icon icon next to each failed item to view details.
      • You can troubleshoot the issues based on the causes and run a precheck again.
      • If you do not need to troubleshoot the issues, you can ignore failed items and run a precheck again.
  9. After the task passes the precheck, click Next.
  10. In the Confirm Settings dialog box, specify the Channel Specification parameter and select Data Transmission Service (Pay-As-You-Go) Service Terms.
  11. Click Buy and Start to start the data migration task.
    • Full data migration

      We recommend that you do not manually stop the task during full data migration. Otherwise, the data migrated to the destination database may be incomplete. You can wait until the data migration task automatically stops.

    • Incremental data migration
      The task does not automatically stop during incremental data migration. You must manually stop the task.
      Note We recommend that you select an appropriate time to manually stop the data migration task. For example, you can stop the task during off-peak hours or before you switch your workloads to the ApsaraDB for MongoDB instance.
      1. Wait until Incremental Data Migration and The data migration task is not delayed are displayed in the progress bar of the data migration task. Then, stop writing data to the source instance for a few minutes. The latency of incremental data migration may be displayed in the progress bar.
      2. Wait until the status of incremental data migration changes to The data migration task is not delayed again. Then, manually stop the migration task. MongoDB: The migration task is not delayed
  12. Switch your workloads to the destination ApsaraDB for MongoDB instance.