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CloudSSO:RAM authorization

Last Updated:Feb 20, 2024
Resource Access Management (RAM) is a service provided by Alibaba Cloud to manage user identities and resource access permissions. You can use RAM to prevent RAM users from sharing the AccessKey pairs of your Alibaba Cloud account. You can also use RAM to grant minimum permissions to RAM users. RAM uses policies to define permissions.
This topic describes the elements, such as Action, Resource, and Condition, which are defined by CloudSSO. You can use the elements to create policies in RAM. The code (RamCode) in RAM that is used to indicate CloudSSO is cloudsso. You can grant permissions on CloudSSO at the RESOURCE.

General structure of a policy

Policies can be stored as JSON files. The following code provides an example on the general structure of a policy:
{
  "Version": "1",
  "Statement": [
    {
      "Effect": "<Effect>",
      "Action": "<Action>",
      "Resource": "<Resource>",
      "Condition": {
        "<Condition_operator>": {
          "<Condition_key>": [
            "<Condition_value>"
          ]
        }
      }
    }
  ]
}
The following list describes the fields in the policy:
  • Effect: specifies the authorization effect. Valid values: Allow, Deny.
  • Action: specifies one or more API operations that are allowed or denied. For more information, see the Action section of this topic.
  • Resource: specifies one or more resources to which the policy applies. You can use an Alibaba Cloud Resource Name (ARN) to specify a resource. For more information, see the Resource section of this topic.
  • Condition: specifies one or more conditions that are required for the policy to take effect. This is an optional field. For more information, see the Condition section of this topic.
    • Condition_operator: specifies the conditional operators. Different types of conditions support different conditional operators. For more information, see Policy elements.
    • Condition_key: specifies the condition keys.
    • Condition_value: specifies the condition values.

Action

CloudSSO defines the values that you can use in the Action element of a policy statement. The following table describes the values.
  • Operation: the value that you can use in the Action element to specify the operation on a resource.
  • API operation: the API operation that you can call to perform the operation.
  • Access level: the access level of each operation. The levels are read, write, and list.
  • Resource type: the type of the resource on which you can authorize the RAM user or the RAM role to perform the operation. Take note of the following items:
    • The required resource types are displayed in bold characters.
    • If the permissions cannot be granted at the resource level, All Resources is used in the Resource type column of the operation.
  • Condition key: the condition keys that are defined by the Alibaba Cloud service. The Condition key column does not list the common condition keys that are defined by Alibaba Cloud. For more information about the common condition keys, see Generic Condition Keyword.
  • Associated operation: other operations that the RAM user or the RAM role must have permissions to perform to complete the operation. To complete the operation, the RAM user or the RAM role must have the permissions to perform the associated operations.
ActionsAPI operationAccess levelResource typeCondition keyAssociated operation
cloudsso:AddExternalSAMLIdPCertificateAddExternalSAMLIdPCertificateWrite
All Resources
*
NoneNone
cloudsso:AddPermissionPolicyToAccessConfigurationAddPermissionPolicyToAccessConfigurationWrite
AccessConfiguration
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/access-configuration/{#AccessConfigurationId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:AddUserToGroupAddUserToGroupWrite
User
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/user/{#UserId}
Group
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/group/{#GroupId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:ClearExternalSAMLIdentityProviderClearExternalSAMLIdentityProviderWrite
Directory
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:CreateAccessAssignmentCreateAccessAssignmentWrite
AccessConfiguration
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/access-configuration/{#AccessConfigurationId}
User
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/user/{#UserId}
Group
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/group/{#GroupId}
Account
acs:resourcemanager::{#accountId}:account/{#AccountId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:CreateAccessConfigurationCreateAccessConfigurationWrite
AccessConfiguration
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/access-configuration/*
NoneNone
cloudsso:CreateDirectoryCreateDirectoryWrite
Directory
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/*
NoneNone
cloudsso:CreateGroupCreateGroupWrite
Group
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/group/*
NoneNone
cloudsso:CreateSCIMServerCredentialCreateSCIMServerCredentialWrite
SCIMServerCredential
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/scim-credential/*
NoneNone
cloudsso:CreateUserCreateUserWrite
User
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/user/*
NoneNone
cloudsso:DeleteAccessAssignmentDeleteAccessAssignmentWrite
AccessConfiguration
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/access-configuration/{#AccessConfigurationId}
User
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/user/{#UserId}
Group
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/group/{#GroupId}
Account
acs:resourcemanager::{#accountId}:account/{#AccountId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:DeleteAccessConfigurationDeleteAccessConfigurationWrite
AccessConfiguration
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/access-configuration/{#AccessConfigurationId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:DeleteDirectoryDeleteDirectoryWrite
Directory
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:DeleteGroupDeleteGroupWrite
Group
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/group/{#GroupId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:DeleteMFADeviceForUserDeleteMFADeviceForUserWrite
User
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/user/{#UserId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:DeleteSCIMServerCredentialDeleteSCIMServerCredentialWrite
SCIMServerCredential
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/scim-credential/{#CredentialId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:DeleteUserDeleteUserWrite
User
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/user/{#UserId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:DeprovisionAccessConfigurationDeprovisionAccessConfigurationWrite
AccessConfiguration
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/access-configuration/{#AccessConfigurationId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:DisableServiceDisableServiceWrite
All Resources
*
NoneNone
cloudsso:EnableServiceEnableServiceWrite
All Resources
*
NoneNone
cloudsso:GetAccessConfigurationGetAccessConfigurationRead
AccessConfiguration
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/access-configuration/{#AccessConfigurationId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:GetDirectoryGetDirectoryRead
Directory
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:GetDirectorySAMLServiceProviderInfoGetDirectorySAMLServiceProviderInfoRead
Directory
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:GetDirectoryStatisticsGetDirectoryStatisticsRead
Directory
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:GetExternalSAMLIdentityProviderGetExternalSAMLIdentityProviderRead
Directory
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:GetGroupGetGroupRead
Group
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/group/{#GroupId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:GetMFAAuthenticationSettingsGetMFAAuthenticationSettingsRead
Directory
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:GetMFAAuthenticationStatusGetMFAAuthenticationStatusRead
Directory
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:GetSCIMSynchronizationStatusGetSCIMSynchronizationStatusRead
Directory
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:GetServiceStatusGetServiceStatusRead
All Resources
*
NoneNone
cloudsso:GetTaskGetTaskRead
Directory
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:GetTaskStatusGetTaskStatusRead
Directory
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:GetUserGetUserRead
User
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/user/{#UserId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:GetUserMFAAuthenticationSettingsGetUserMFAAuthenticationSettingsRead
User
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/user/{#UserId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:ListAccessAssignmentsListAccessAssignmentsList
AccessConfiguration
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/access-configuration/{#AccessConfigurationId}
AccessConfiguration
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/access-configuration/*
Account
acs:resourcemanager::{#accountId}:account/*
Account
acs:resourcemanager::{#accountId}:account/{#AccountId}
User
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/user/{#UserId}
Group
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/group/{#GroupId}
User
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/user/*
Group
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/group/*
NoneNone
cloudsso:ListAccessConfigurationProvisioningsListAccessConfigurationProvisioningsRead
AccessConfiguration
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/access-configuration/{#AccessConfigurationId}
AccessConfiguration
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/access-configuration/*
NoneNone
cloudsso:ListAccessConfigurationsListAccessConfigurationsList
AccessConfiguration
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/access-configuration/*
NoneNone
cloudsso:ListDirectoriesListDirectoriesList
Directory
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/*
NoneNone
cloudsso:ListExternalSAMLIdPCertificatesListExternalSAMLIdPCertificatesList
Directory
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:ListGroupMembersListGroupMembersList
Group
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/group/{#GroupId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:ListGroupsListGroupsList
Group
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/group/*
NoneNone
cloudsso:ListJoinedGroupsForUserListJoinedGroupsForUserList
User
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/user/{#UserId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:ListMFADevicesForUserListMFADevicesForUserList
User
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/user/{#UserId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:ListPermissionPoliciesInAccessConfigurationListPermissionPoliciesInAccessConfigurationList
AccessConfiguration
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/access-configuration/{#AccessConfigurationId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:ListSCIMServerCredentialsListSCIMServerCredentialsList
SCIMServerCredential
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/scim-credential/*
NoneNone
cloudsso:ListTasksListTasksList
Directory
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:ListUsersListUsersList
User
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/user/*
NoneNone
cloudsso:ProvisionAccessConfigurationProvisionAccessConfigurationWrite
AccessConfiguration
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/access-configuration/{#AccessConfigurationId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:RemoveExternalSAMLIdPCertificateRemoveExternalSAMLIdPCertificateWrite
All Resources
*
NoneNone
cloudsso:RemovePermissionPolicyFromAccessConfigurationRemovePermissionPolicyFromAccessConfigurationWrite
AccessConfiguration
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/access-configuration/{#AccessConfigurationId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:RemoveUserFromGroupRemoveUserFromGroupWrite
Group
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/group/{#GroupId}
User
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/user/{#UserId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:ResetUserPasswordResetUserPasswordWrite
User
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/user/{#UserId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:SetExternalSAMLIdentityProviderSetExternalSAMLIdentityProviderWrite
Directory
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:SetMFAAuthenticationStatusSetMFAAuthenticationStatusWrite
Directory
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:SetSCIMSynchronizationStatusSetSCIMSynchronizationStatusWrite
Directory
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:UpdateAccessConfigurationUpdateAccessConfigurationWrite
AccessConfiguration
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/access-configuration/{#AccessConfigurationId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:UpdateDirectoryUpdateDirectoryWrite
Directory
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:UpdateGroupUpdateGroupWrite
Group
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/group/{#GroupId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:UpdateInlinePolicyForAccessConfigurationUpdateInlinePolicyForAccessConfigurationWrite
AccessConfiguration
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/access-configuration/{#AccessConfigurationId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:UpdateMFAAuthenticationSettingsUpdateMFAAuthenticationSettingsWrite
Directory
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:UpdateSCIMServerCredentialStatusUpdateSCIMServerCredentialStatusWrite
SCIMServerCredential
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/scim-credential/{#CredentialId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:UpdateUserUpdateUserWrite
User
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/user/{#UserId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:UpdateUserMFAAuthenticationSettingsUpdateUserMFAAuthenticationSettingsWrite
User
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/user/{#UserId}
NoneNone
cloudsso:UpdateUserStatusUpdateUserStatusWrite
User
acs:cloudsso:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}/user/{#UserId}
NoneNone

Resource

CloudSSO defines the values that you can use in the Resource. You can attach the policy to a RAM user or a RAM role so that the RAM user or the RAM role can perform a specific operation on a specific resource. The ARN is the unique identifier of the resource on Alibaba Cloud. Take note of the following items:
  • {#}indicates a variable. {#} must be replaced with an actual value. For example, {#ramcode} must be replaced with the actual code of an Alibaba Cloud service in RAM.
  • An asterisk (*) is used as a wildcard. Examples:
    • {#resourceType} is set to *, all resources are specified.
    • {#regionId} is set to *, all regions are specified.
    • {#accountId} is set to *, all Alibaba Cloud accounts are specified.
Resource typeARN
Directoryacs:{#ramcode}:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:directory/{#DirectoryId}
AccessConfigurationacs:{#ramcode}:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:accessconfiguration/{#DirectoryId}/{#AccessConfigurationId}
Useracs:{#ramcode}:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:user/{#DirectoryId}/{#UserId}
Groupacs:{#ramcode}:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:group/{#DirectoryId}/{#GroupId}
SCIMServerCredentialacs:{#ramcode}:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:scimservercredential/{#DirectoryId}/{#CredentialId}
UserProvisioningacs:{#ramcode}:{#regionId}:{#accountId}:userprovisioning/{#DirectoryId}/{#UserProvisioningId}

Condition

CloudSSO does not define service-specific condition keys. For more information about common condition keys that are defined by Alibaba Cloud, see Generic Condition Keyword.

What to do next

You can create a custom policy and attach the policy to a RAM user, RAM user group, or RAM role. For more information, see the following topics: